Phase 4 Trends

Swapan Dasgupta writes after the fourth phase of polling: "The Congress has been waiting for some good news to emerge from the different phases of voting. I believe that the 4th phase has given the party its first piece of good news.The question is: has it gained sufficiently to be the single largest party? As yet, it does not seem so."

1. That many

1. That many such doorways of chambers in secret stories underneath the Taj Mahal have been sealed with brick and lime. Concealed inside could be valuable evidence such as Sanskrit inscriptions, Hindu idols, the original Hindu model of Taj, the desecrated Shiva Linga, Hindu scriptures and temple equipment .The Government is deliberately refraining from opening hundreds of such sealed chambers. Inside the Taj Mahal for fear of enraging Invaders and exposing the incompetence of historians worldwide.
2. That there was the traditional treasury well of the Hindu temple palace. Treasure chests used to be stacked in the lower stories. Accountants, cashiers, and treasurers sat in the upper stories. On being besieged if the building had to be surrendered to the enemy the treasure chests used to be pushed into the water for salvage later after recapture. For real research, water should be pumped out of this well to reveal the evidence that lies at the bottom. This well is inside a tower near the socalled mosque to the west of the marble Taj. Had the Taj been a mausoleum this octagonal multi storied well would have been superfluous.
3. That it has come to the notice of the petitioner’s institute that there has been the digging of the place where “gowshala” cow protection shelter was situated .It was revealed that there are the remains of the temple dig inside the earth and the upper portion of the temple called as “Amlak” was found to have been hidden inside there. The official sought the instructions from the officials of the archaeological department but the matter was subsided on the instructions of the authority as it may annoy the fundamentalist as a result of which the appeasement policy adopted by the government for getting the vote of the minority may be adversely affected. Thus the spot inspections by appointing the team of survey commissioner to submit Its report may kindly be ordered by this Hon’ble Court
4. That Visitors to the Taj may notice the letter “om” woven in bold relief in embossed flower –designs on the interior marble walls. As one stands poised at the top of the stairs leading to the basement (to se what they call the ‘real graves’) one may see on the walls around the upper marble cenotaph chamber, at chest level, the esoteric sacred Hindu letter ‘om’ woven into embossed marble flower pattern. Pink lotus patterns on the border of the grilled panels that enclose the cenotaph may also be noticed.
5. That a peacock Throne could never have been ordered by fanatic mediaeval Invader rulers surrounded by even more fanatic maulvis. Throughout their millennium long rule in India their one penchant was to break images not to make them. The peacock Throne could only be a piece of Hindu Palace furniture because traditionally a Hindu throne must have the effigy of some bird or animal known for its splendor or valour. In Hindu terminology the very term for a throne is a “Lion Seat (Simhasan).”Hardly had the project begun, than we are told that by 1635 Shahjahan had amassed such a plethora of gems and bullion, within seven years of his accession that he did not know what to do with them. He therefore had a fabulous Peacock Throne ordered.
6. That According to Shahjahan’s court chronicler (PP. 45-46,ibid.), it appears that the peacock Throne was “three yards long, two and a half yards broad, yards high and set with jewels worth 86 lakh rupees. The canopy had 12 emerald columns. On top of each pillar were two peacocks thick –set with rubies, diamonds, emeralds, and pearls. The throne cost ten million Rupees.” “The marble screen enclosing an octagonal area in the centre of the cenotaph chamber was, according to the Badshahnama placed here in 1642 by Shahjahan …According, however, to competent authority the screen was placed here by Aurangzeb after he laid his father’s remains there.
7. That “The basement rooms are centrally situated as a line of 14 rooms along the face of the Great Basement, under its terrace; and each of them is connected by a doorway with as inner lobby running east and west along their entire length. From each end of the lobby a staircase ascends to the terrace of the Great Basement, where its entrance closed by red sandstone slabs, lay unsuspected until discovered a few years ago, the clue being given by a small window overlooking the river in each of the two easternmost rooms. The rooms, once frescoed and otherwise decorated being now in darkness and infested by bats, cannot be explored without a torch or lamp. Whether they originally opened on to a ghat and gave admittance to the Taj from the river; or being provided with windows, were used as cool resorts during the heat of the day, cannot now be decided”.
8. That in the Agra Fort gallery, facing the Taj, is a tiny glass piece embedded in the wall to mirror the Taj Mahal. Originators of the Taj legend have conveniently annexed the device to add to the mesmeric effect of the myth. Embedding tiny, round glass reflectors by their thousands in arched recesses of palaces and in women’s dresses is a very common and widespread Rajput practice. Such glass reflectors can still be seen fixed in numerous ancient palaces in Rajasthan, and continue to be used for decoration in Rajput women’s dresses. Saracenic architecture, if there be any such should rather believe in “purdah “ i.e. shrouding or hiding and would never think of glass reflectors. Mirror –pieces decorated the royal apartments in Agra fort because it was a Hindu fort. Moreover Shahjahan was never permitted access during interment to that part of the fort which overlooks the Taj. It is, therefore absurd to argue that during detention he consoled himself by catching glimpses of the Taj in the tiny glass piece.
9. That a further absurdity and inconsistency is; would an old monarch, bent with age, stand up all the time to strain his bedimmed vision, and peer into a tiny glass piece with his back to the Taj to catch a fleeting, reflected glimpse of the Taj when he could as well have a clear, full, straight and direct view of it seated comfortably facing the monument? And would not such a stance give him a pain in the neck? This is yet another instance of how students of history, archaeologists and lay visitors have never bothered or cared to take stock of the loose bits of the Taj legend, and tried to rearrange them to find out whether they add up to at least a coherent and cogent account, even if fictitious.
10. That in addition to its sculptural splendor, the Taj is also believed to have had gem studded marble screens, gold railing, and silver doors. Readers can well add up to the cost of all these. It will amount to a fabulous, astronomical sum. Perhaps even all the Mogul emperors together could not have invested that much on a single monument. Had the Taj been an original tomb, Shahjahan would never have allowed Indian flora to form the dominant feature of the tapestry design inside the mausoleum of his wife. It is idle to argue that because the workmen employed on the Taj happened to be Hindus their motifs got incorporated in the Taj design. It must be remembered that it is the person who pays the piper that calls the tune. Moreover when it is a question of the peace of departed soul, symbols and motifs of a detested religion would never have been allowed to be incorporated in the ornamental patterns of the Taj. In fact the whole idea of having such a luxurious tomb built and having decorative patterns made inside it is frowned upon in Islamic religion and tradition. But Shahjahan had no alternative, but to put up with them, since he had taken over a ready-made “heathen” monument.
11. That under these circumstances, it is expedient in the interest of justice that a facts finding committee may be appointed for exposing the falsehood of the Arceaological department in respect of their purported claim set-up regarding the historical blunder committed by them in declaring Taj-Mahal, Red- fort Agra, Fatahpur –Sikiri and other ancient buildings as Muslim monuments and truth may be disclose to the public/citizens and students of subject of history regarding their true authorship prior to Mughal period in furtherance of their fundamental rights conferred under Article 19 (1) (a), 25 and 26 read with 49 and 51-A(f) (h) of Constitution of India and Freedom Of Information Act, 2002.
12. That it is prayed that this Hon’ble Court May graciously be pleased to declare the provisions of The Ancient And Historical Monuments And Archaeological Sites And Remains (Declaration Of National Importance) Act, 1951 to the extend of declaring the ancient and historical monuments and other and Archaeological Sites namely Taj Mahal. Fatehpur-sikiri, Agra Red Ford, Ethmadualla and other Monuments built by Mugal invaders on the basis of report submitted by The Governor General, Lord Auckland, and young lieutenant Alexander Cunningham conceived indigenous scheme of misusing the archaeological studies as ultravires to Article 19 (1) (a), 25,26 49 And 51-A (f) (h) of constitution of India and may futher declare the provision of Ancient and Historical Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Declaration of National Importance) Act, 1951 (71 of 1951), The Ancient Monuments And Archaeological Sites And Remains Act, 1958 of declaring these ancient building/ monuments preserved with such identity with out any scientific inquiry/ investigation as Muslim monuments / graveyards as unconstitutional and void. The true copy of THE ANCIENT MONUMENTS PRESERVATION ACT, 1904, The Ancient And Historical Monuments And Archaeological Sites And Remains (Declaration Of National Importance) Act, 1951 and The Ancient Monuments And Archaeological Sites And Remains Act, 1958 ( Act No.24 of !958) and other relevant Acts are filed herewith and marked as Annexure No. 19, 20 and 21
13. That it is further prayed that on the basis of the Research Conducted by the petitioner No.-2 as published in the different books written by him as referred in earlier paragraphs namely 1. World Vedic Heritage, 2. The Tajmahal is a Temple Place, 3.Some Blunders of Indian Historical Research, 4. Flowers Howlers, 5. Learning Vedic Astrology, 6. Some Missing Chapters of World History, 7. Agra red Fort is a Hindu Building, 8.Great Britain was Hindu Land, 9. The Taj Mahal is Tejomahalaya a Shiva Temple, 10.Who Says Akbar was Great, 11. Vedic Guide to Health, Beauty, Longevity and Rejuvenation, 12. Islamic Havoc in Indian History Published by-HINDI SAHITYA SADAN 2, B. D. Chambers, 10/54 D. B. Gupta Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi-110005, the truth may be exposed through Scientific inventions and temperaments to the General Citizen/ Students of history by conducting the research/ excavations of the remains of Hindu monuments by the Central Government surroundings to all such Hindu Palace/ temple and other ancient archaeological building/ Monuments as the incidents like demolition of disputed structure at Ayodhya may not be repeated resulting in mass destruction of the public property shacking of public confidence in Rule Of Law in the society. The true copy of the representation submitted to the respondent No. 1 on the basis of the reserch work conducted by Sri P. N. Oak having legal interpretation to the legal right conffered to the citizen having scientific and analytcial approach regarding Hindu authorship of monuments is filed as Annexure No. 22
14. That it is further prayed that A writ , order, directions in the nature of mandamus directing the respondent authorities after due Scientific investigation and facts finding inquiry report, the respondents in particular the Archaeological Survey of India to Declare and Notify in terms of the true history, as the Taj Mahal was not built by Shahalahan and thereby directing the Archaeological Survey of India to remove the notices displayed by them in the Taj Mahal premises crediting Shahjahan as its creator to desist from writing / publishing / proclaiming / propagating and teaching about Shahjahan being the author of Taj Mahal and stop and discontinue the free entry in Taj Mahal premises on Fridays or any other day in the week.
15. That it is further prayed that a writ, order, direction in the nature of mandamus directing the respondent authorities in particular Archaeological Survey of India to open the locked-up upper and lower portions of the 4 storeyed building of Taj Mahal with numbers of rooms, to remove all bricked up walls build later and look into room therein, to investigate scientifically and certify which of those or both cenotaphs are fake to look for a subterrance storey below the river bank ground level, to look into after removing the room-entrance directly beneath the basement cenotaph-chamber. by removing the brick and lime barricade flocking the doorway, to look for important historical evidence such as idols and inscriptions hidden inside the Shahjahan’s orders.Recitiation of name in the west-flank building be banned because that building is part of a temple complex.The water in the 7 storeyed well, inside the tower near the so-called mosque, be drained to for drained to look for historical evidence (such as Court jewels idols and inscription jettisoned when Shahjahan’s troops stormed the premises to plunder the Shiv Shrine).Free entry on Fridays should be discontinued to prevent loss of revenue to the Government .If free entry on Friday is allowed to continue then free entry on Mondays should be ordered because Mondays are Shiv worship days.
16. That the petitioners has no other efficacious remedy , expect to file the present Writ Petition on the following and other grounds:-

Grounds
A. Because truth will not make us rich, but it will certainly make us free. The wrong historical data leads to the horror, as we have seen during the period of demolition of the Babri Masjid. There has been number of concomitant given by the respective community representing to the follower of two prominent religions, but the loss that we have suffered in the shape of hatred between the two section of the society, cannot be compensated without revealing the truth. Unfortunately, the term Hindu communalism is more exaggerated by the fanaticism under the garb of secularism, while the Hindu community as a whole has always been receptive to all the religion.
B. Because Article 25 of the constitution in India secures to every person, subject of course to public order, health and morality and other provisions of Part III, including Article 17 freedom to entertain and exhibit outward acts as well as propagate and disseminate such religious belief according to his judgement and conscience for edification of others. The right of the State to impose such restrictions as are desired or found necessary on grounds of public order, health, and morality is inbuilt in Arts. 25 and 26 itself. Article 25(2)(b) ensures the right of the State to make a law providing for social welfare and reforms besides throwing open of Hindu religious institutions of a public character to classes and sections of Hindus and any such rights of State or of the communities or classes of the society were also considered to need due regulation in the process of harmonizing the various rights.
C. Because every citizen of India is fundamentally obligated to develop a scientific temper and humanism .He is fundamentally duty bound to strive towards excellence, in all sphere of individual and collective activity, so that the nation constantly rises to the higher level of endeavor and achievements. Everyone, whether individually or collectively is unquestionably under the supremacy of law. However it is true that exaggerated devotion to the rule of benefit must not nurture fanciful doubts or lingering suspicion and thereby destroy social defense, as the curiosity cannot be the subject matter of fair criticism. Thus the conclusion derived that on one hand, every citizen is having the freedom of speech and expression so far as they do not contravene the statutory limits and may prevail in the atmosphere with out any hindrance.
D. Because public education is essential for functioning of the process of popular government and to assist the discovery of truth and strengthening the capacity of individual in participating in decision making process .The decision making process include the right to know also and pushing the protection beyond the primary level betrays the bigwigs desire to keep the crippled more crippled forever. The education of spritualism is the foundation for value based survival of human being in a civilized society. The force and section behind civilized society depend upon moral value; and the morality cannot be cultivated through the falsehood of ideological barrier. Thus the children may not be required to read such facts, which are having the foundation of falsehood.
E. Because in Bijoe Emmanuel vs State of Kerala (1986) 3 SCC 615, the question raised in the aforesaid case, as to whether three children who were faithful to “Jehovah’s witnesses” may refuse to sing our national anthem or salute the national flag of our country despite being the student in the school, where during morning assembly, the national anthem is sung by other children. The circular issued by the Director of Public Instruction, Kerala provided obligation of school children to sing the National Anthem. Thus these children were expelled. The Hon’ble Supreme court while setting aside the aforesaid order of expulsion of the children from the school was pleased to examine, as to whether the children faithful to “Jehovah’s witnesses”, a worldwide sect of Christianity may be compelled against tenets of their religious faith duly recognized and well established all over the world which was upheld by the highest court in United States of America, Australia and Canada and find recognition in Encyclopedia Britannica. It was held that the appellants truly and conscientiously believed that their religion does not permit them to join any rituals except it them in their prayers to Jehovah, their God. Though their religious beliefs may appear strange, the sincerity of their beliefs is beyond question. They do not hold their beliefs idly and their conduct is not the outcome of any perversity. The appellants have not asserted the beliefs for the first time or out of any unpatriotic sentiments. Their objection to sing is not just against the National Anthem of India. They have refused to sing other National Anthems elsewhere. They are law abiding and well-behaved children, who do stand respectfully and would continue to do so, when National Anthem is sung. Their refusal, while so standing to join in the singing of the National Anthem is neither disrespectful of it, nor inconsistent with the Fundamental Duty under Article 51 A (a). Hence no action should have been taken against them.
F. Because the concept of sovereignty was present from the ancient time but the sovereignty was conferred upon an individual who is suppress the wicked and is recognized as great resources in itself like the god of fire, air, sun, moon and religion. The religion in the ancient time was considered as spiritualism and it was not dependent upon any ritual ceremony, but it was considered s the knowledge in the darkness of ignorance and injustice. The sovereignty was supposed to promote the cause of the religion, wealth and enjoyment of life and those, who were voluptuous, malicious, mean, and low-minded, were ruined by the retributive justice.
G. Because the apex court held in RamSharan Autyanuprasi’s case 1989 (Supp.) (1) SCC 251/AIR 1989 S.C 549 , that men’s life is inclusive of his tradition , culture and heritage and protection of that heritage in its full measure would certainly come within the encompass of an expanded concept of Article 21 of the Constitution
H. Because the mankind must be satisfied with the reasonableness within reach and the decision-making process may belong to the knowledge of the law. Thus the reasonableness and the rationality, legality, as well as philosophically, provide colour to the meaning of fundamental right .The concept of equality is not doctrinaire approach. It is a binding threat, which runs through the entire constitutional text thus the affirmative action may be constitutionally valid and the same cannot ignore the constitutional morality, which embraces in-itself the doctrine of inequality. It would be constitutionally immoral to perpetuate inequality among majority .The constitution is required to kept young energetic and alive. The attempt be endure to expand the ambit of fundamental right. It is said that the dignity of the ocean lies not in its fury capable of causing destruction, but in its vast extent and depth with enormous tolerance. Thus the wider the power, the higher the need of caution and care while exercising the power.
I. Because the Student/children, the future citizens under taking the education of Indian History on the misconception/ pattern of Anglo Saxon teaching meant for division of Indian society on the policy of “Divide and Rule”. There is a important question posed as to whether we have actually gain our independence or we have to under take another journey full of animosity, aggressism on account of terrorism and fanatic ideology a prevalent throughout the World of a particular religion.
J. Because this writ petition is moved in the Public Interest, for a National Cause, to establish the truth there is no private interest or any other oblique motive, or any other personal gain. The petitioner institution, known as Institute for Re-writing Indian History, Thane, having registration no.F-1128 (T) is a public trust. The founder president of the trust is Shri P.N. Oak S/o Late Shri Nagesh Krishna Oak, R/o- Plot no. 10, Goodwill Society, Aundh, Pune.411007, who has written number of books namely 1. World Vedic Heritage, 2. The Tajmahal is a Temple Place, 3.Some Blunders of Indian Historical Research, 4. Flowers Howlers, 5. Learning Vedic Astrology, 6. Some Missing Chapters of World History, 7. Agra red Fort is a Hindu Building, 8.Great Britain was Hindu Land, 9. The Taj Mahal is Tejomahalaya a Shiva Temple, 10.Who Says Akbar was Great, 11. Vedic Guide to Health, Beauty, Longevity and Rejuvenation, 12. Islamic Havoc in Indian History.
K. Because the petitioner No. 2 is the founder President of an Institution, namely, “ Institute for Re-writing Indian (and World) History “. The aim and objective of that institution, which is a registered society having register no. F-1128 (T) as the public trust under the provision of Bombay Public Trust Act. Inter alia, is to re-discover the Indian history. The monumental places of historical importance in their real and true perspective having of the heritage of India.
L. Because the ‘ research paper’ of the author on the subject that the so-called “Taj Mahal “ is not a monument built by an Invader Emperor in memory of his late wife but a Hindu Shiva Temple which was converted into a love-memorial by a Invader Emperor.
M. Because the freedom of speech and expression is basic to indivisible from a democratic polity .It includes right to impart and receive information. Restriction to the said right could be only as provided in article 19(2). The old dictum let the people have the truth and the freedom to discuss it and all will go well with the Government. It should prevail. The true test for deciding the validity is whether it takes away or abridges fundamental right of the citizens. If there were direct abridgement of the fundamental right of freedom of speech and expression, the law would be invalid.
N. the ambit and scope of “Right to Know “ is conferred fundamental right under Article 19 (1)(a),25 and26 read with Article 49 and 51-A(f) (h) of the Constitution of India; read with the provision of Freedom of Information Act, 2002 .The right to get information in democracy is recognized all throughout and it is a natural right flowing from the concept of democracy itself. Freedom of expression may be necessarily included in the right of information. There is no expression with out having an idea on the subject, regarding which the expression of an individual may be given effect to change the existing values of ideology, which are based on the notable extracts of certain facts. An enlightening informed citizen would undoubtedly enhance democratic values.
O. Because the Governor General, Lord Auckland, and young lieutenant Alexander Cunningham conceived indigenous scheme of misusing the archaeological studies. This young Cunnigham, an army engineer had no training in the archaeological department, he wrote a lengthy letter dated September 15, 1842 suggesting archeological exploration in India. This letter is reproduced on page no 246 Volume 7 journal of Royal Asiatic Society, London, and 1843 A.D. It discloses that the purpose of archeological exploration in India is neither the study; nor preservation of historical monuments, but to use archeology as the imperial tool to create mutual dissension and resentment between Buddhists, Jains and other Hindu with Invaders by falsely crediting all monuments to the authorship to alien invaders while few may be labeled as that of being constructed by Buddhist or Jain, but not by Hindus.
P. Because it has been disclosed during the High level Committee Meeting at Paris during the convention of United Nation Education Science and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) that near Anoop Talab (Pond), there has been the ancient palatial building and the ancient cultural activities remain in existance prior to the period of invasion by the Mughal invaders. The historian have related them back to the existence of all such palatial building during the period of Sikarwar, Rajput, which find support by the research were conducted Prof. Ram Nathan historian of Rajasthan University, Jaipur and also by Dr. Pratima Asthana, Ex Vice Chancellor of Gorakhpur University.
Q. Because one great tragedy of Indian history has been that while Indians remained subdued and gagged under alien domination for over a millenium foreigners, who wielded all power in India played great havoc with Indian history merrily destroying or distorting it at their sweetwill either out of sheer cunning and cussedness or through their colossal ignorance and wanton barbarism.

88. That

88. That Fatehpur Sikri may actually be declared as the “HERITAGE CITY” in the due course of time. There has been the existence of 2200 years old the ancient broken statue of YAKSHA at Chrima-Shahpur. There has been the existence of 3 feet long SHIV-LINGI , while at Sikri in village Imlabda, the old statue of Lord Vishnu more than 1100 years old has been found after excavation. There has been number of the statue recovered, which are belonging to the period of the expansion of the Jain religion. There has been the existence of Jain temple. Near the Tank reservoir of the water, which was considered to be the big lake on the gateway of Fatehpur-Sikiri. There is still the existence of Triran and Amlaka, which indicates that there was hundred feet height temple. The broken statute of Lord Shiva having GALE KI KANTHI, BAIJANTI MALA, SRI VATSA MARK ON THE CHEST AND YAGYAPABIT may be still seen , while the head, hands and the portion below the chest has been broken by the invaders. These all facts coupled together may convey the irrevocable conclusion regarding the existence of the monuments of Fatehpur Sikri and associated building prior to the Mughal period, which were ruthlessly broken by the invaders of the cultural heritage just to propagate and expend their religion and by conversion of the weaker class of Hindu Citizens.
89. That the great Archaeologist Shri Dharam Veer Sharma, then Superintendent of the archaeological Department at Agra has define the meaning of these antique for re writing the Indian history on the basis of all these circumstantial evidence, as the entire world may become conversant, that these monuments were not been constructed by these invaders to our ancient spiritual heritage but the existence of Fatehpur Sikri is much prior to the period of the mughal emperors. Tuksal, Deewane-Aam, AnoopTalab, which may find place in the book written by E.W. Smith, the great English Historian visiting Fatehpur Sikri in 1896 and 1898 A.D.. Actually Tuksal is the castle meant for the horse captivity, which has got the capability of drinking water and the system of drainage, sewage may be seen to some remote place through these Drainage.
90. That the Water supply system is unique at Fatehpur Sikri. Actually, the lakes, which have the accumulation of water storage, were expanded in an area comprising of more than 25 square mile, but by the passage of time, this was extinguished purposely as to abrogate the existence of great scientific way of living style by the Hindu Rulers to the inhabitant at the relevant period of Rajputana Rulers. The existence of the ancient building may also be seen in the different faces. There has been a conspiracy hatched by the followers of a particulars dynasty, who invaded our country to get the extinction of all such evidence, which may be helpful for the exposure of the truth as the foundation of the invaders are based on the false hood.
91. That it has been disclosed during the High level Committee Meeting at Paris during the convention of United Nation Education Science and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) that near Anoop Talab (Pond), there has been the ancient palatial building and the ancient cultural activities remain in existence prior to the period of invasion by the Mughal invaders. The historian have related them back to the existence of all such palatial building during the period of Sikarwar, Rajput, which find support by the research were conducted Prof. Ram Nathan historian of Rajasthan University, Jaipur and also by Dr. Prathima Asthana Ex Vice Chancellor of Gorakhpur University.
92. That it has been stated that then Central Education Minister Nural Husan had stoped the excavation work conducted by Aligarh Muslim University at Fatehpur Sikri, when the broken statute were found hidden behind the earth. Prof. Agam Prasad Mathur the Ex. vice Chancellor and the Historian of Agra University has disclosed that Agra was the helmet, while Mathura was the real State prior to Mughal invasion. This fact may be taken with the angle that Agra was the city surrounded by Shiva Temple of pre Mughal dynasty period at Taj Mahal. All these facts are fully supported with the circumstantial evidence as well as by the research work conducted by the great historian of post independence period. The existence of Hanuman Temple may be seen at Kagarol near the well, while Chamunda temple may remain in existence at Sultan Garhi, from where Amlak used in Kalash of the temple has been discovered by the excavator. There has been a lot of wealth hidden beneath the surface of the Kagarol near Fatehpur Sikri, which has been usurp by some greedy local people constructing their residence, while digging the plinth inside the surface. However the recovery of the antique and broken portion of the deity and the existence of the different religious monuments are in itself a proof regarding the great heritage. The existence of Fatehpur Sikri is on account of a long period consistent efforts by the different sculpture and name of the Sikri was Sacrikya, which was the place of inhibition of Jain religion philosophy by its follower during 1000 A.D. There has been number of the broken statue of Pasarva Nath at Veer Chhabila on the working style of Chatya Basi procedure. The sculpture found there also relates the expesion of Jain Swetambar from Sikri to Bharatpur, much more prior to the period of Akbar. At Bilaspur number of the statue indicating the ancient culture of Rajput ruler, while at village Sakalpur on Agra Jalesar Road, there has been the remains old Vishnu deity, where Hindu are still worshipping their religious God. The Shiva Lingi has been installed at village Sakalpur, which has been inspected by the officers of Archeological Department. All these things may required the investigation by same of the agency and direction for the exposure of the truth my be issued to the Aercheological Department by this Hon’ble Court.
93. That due to Superstition and the Orthodox tradition prevalent in Hindu religion, all such more than 47 countries of the world, which remained under the domination and expansion of Mughal period and the British period, their character assassination was the main reason of the conquest upon these nations. If any religion is not capable to expose the falsehood, it will perish. It may be deemed that the followers of the Hindu religion are still living under the period of slavery. The invaders of any country were never the builders of the monuments. The main objective hidden behind such invasion was to snatch the wealth of the people and thereafter convert them to their own religion. These people, who were taken from these countries were sold in the market of slavery just to rule upon them by destroying their cultural heritage and thereby eroding the very foundation, on the basis of the existence of Hindu religion is dependent. If we are still unable to expose the falsehood, the existence of the religion of the majority of citizen is at stake. It is the question of saving our future generation.
94. That no individual can tolerate the bondage of the slavery, than how does it become possible to get them the acceptance of the falsehood. The exposure of the truth is not only beneficial for the growth of the country and to encourage the like citizen to provide further contribution to construct the still greater palatial structure like Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri, Red Fort, Jama Masjid by the followers of the Hindu religion. The construction of the temple at Dayalbagh at Agra and J. K. Temple at Kanpur are the glaring example of the traditions of Hindu Culture. Till these monuments will be deemed to have been constructed by these invaders who are now declared as the bitter critics of the Hindu Ideology of the humanity, no Hindu citizens can claim, that he is living in independent Nation.
95. That now the question arises, that if Hindu invites the animosity of the minority by the exposure of the truth regarding the construction of these monuments by Hindu Rulers, weather such Hindu citizens are really providing any contribution to their on existence or to the existence of the followers of these invaders. There is no repudiation of the truth as a single day- light may shallow the darkness by exposure of the brightness for harmonious way of living. In case, one may feel offended by the exposure of the truth, then there shall be the complete dis-association in the activity of these fundamentalists. The apathy is the answer of every problem. If we start isolating these invaders in the general esteem of the business of these fundamentalist citizens, they themselves become followers of the truth. Thus instead of providing any discouragement to these pious activities, every citizens, who has got the responsibility for deep rooted integration of nation based upon our cultural heritage, every patriotic citizens may be raising their voice against the modesty of their religion by exposing aggressive trend of invaders, which ware based on the atrocities committed by them.
96. That the claim that Akbar built the fort is also found to be baseless because while he is said to have demolished the fort in 1565 A.D., a murderer Adham Khan being thrown from the terrace of a palace-apartment inside the fort in 1566 A.D. is emphatic proof that the claim made on behalf of Akbar is as fraudulent as those made on behalf of two other Invader sultans earlier. In fact it is also pointed out that not a single building of Akbar’s time exists in the fort. Akbar’s son Jahangir is said to have perhaps built a palace inside the fort here or there demolishing his own father’s palace but even that conjecture is found to be based on mere fancy or on some idle engravings.
97. That the meticulous inquiry into the matter through the coherent and authentic account .The exposure of the falsehood is always reconcilable with the historical event and thus the burden of proof is always lying upon the individual denying the existing facts. The onus will be shifted upon the authority when inconsistent anomalous and contradictory versions about the origin of Taj Mahal may be scientifically tested upon the yardstick of the truth. Let us begin with Badshahnama, a Shahjahan’s chronicle which discloses that the cost of scaffolding exceeded that of the entire work done regarding Mausoleun. Mr Narul Hasan Siddiqui books that a Hindu Palace was commandeered to bury Mumtaz in which Shahjahan’s fifth generation ancestor Barbar lived in Tejo Mahalaya. All these facts are to be examined through the scientific methods in order to expose the false propaganda that the Mogul invaders have not given any contribution for building the monuments. We may further examine that the mythical indo Saracen architecture medieval mosques and tombs in India were built or conquered and misused by the invaders the number of such monuments may include Mohammed Ghaus ‘s tomb in Gwalior, Salim Chisti mausoleun in Ftahepur Sikri, Nizzamuddin Kabar in Delhi, Moinuddin Chisti’s Makbara in Ajmer, Red fort Shicundera Etamatudaula at Agra, Jama Masjid, Red fort Delhi, Kutub Minar in Delhi and Sufdarjung. The disputed site of Lord Krishna temple Mathura and Vishwanath Temple at Varanasi may also be examined not only to resolve the controversy but also to curve out the animosity among the citizen in India on the ground of the religion.
98. That the extract of Badshahnama may be examined after getting them translated form Persian passage in the English rendering. On page number 403 of Badshahnama it is admitted in verse 26 to 33 that Huzurat Mumtazul Zamani whose sacred dead body was buried in Burhanpur in a garden was brought from 600 miles after six months and transported to Agra(Akbarabad). In the south of the great city there was a palace of Raja Maan Singh which was owned by Raja Jay Singh known as Tejo Mahalaya (The temple of Lord Shiva /Teji ji) And this place was selected burial of the Queen for which the great ancestral heritage, religious sanctity was associated with Raja Jai Singh who was compensated by offering the government land. Thus a palace was converted in a dome, handy readymade Mausoleum. The authority of Badshahnama is the first proof regarding the existence of the temple at the time when Huzurat Mumtazul Zamani was buried. The similar treatment were given to the different Hindu palaces and temples by converting them at as Mausoleum of Akbar at Shicandara and Humayun in Delhi and the Vishnu temple to Kutub Minar by overbearing Invader fanatic potentate specially when these monuments were constructed by Hindu Rulers.
99. That in this connection we also want to alert visitors to mediaeval buildings and students and scholars of history not to believe in translations of Arabic and Persian inscriptions presented readymade to them through earlier books. We have found in very many instances that they have been distorted in translation. For instance on the Taj Mahal the inscriber has carved his name as Amanat Khan Shirazi (an insignificant slave of the emperor Shahjahan). Anglo-Invader accounts have boosted this inscriber of letters as one of the great wonder architects of the world. Similarly on Fatehpur Sikri where a building is said to have been graced (by his presence) by Salim Chisti it is merrily ascribed to him. The true copy of the particulars of the different monuments regarding their false identity in respect of authorship attributed upon them as disclosed in the scholarly research Articles Contained in the Books Written by Shri P. N. Oak are filed herewith as marked as Annexure-No. 17
100. That we therefore advise all students of history never to take for granted the translation of Invader inscriptions provided heretofore but get them translated de novo whenever one has to make use of them. The whole question of the translation and interpretation of Invader inscriptions not only in India but throughout the world must be reopened and gone through thoroughly, for much wishful thinking has gone into presenting them in translations to non-Invaders. In fact it would be very educative to have an encyclopaedia for all Invader inscriptions and the misleading translations and interpretations they have been subjected to heretofore. As an instance of a great snare in the study of mediaeval history such exposure will be of immense educative value in warning future researchers and students of history.
101. That once the hurdle of a false Invader claim made on Akbar’s behalf is got over, we find that the fort that we see today in Agra, is the same which was owned by ancient Hindu kings like Ashok and Kanishka. After Akbar there is no serious claim made on behalf of any Invader ruler as the author of the fort. That means that the fort that we see in Agra city today is the ancient Hindu ochre fort a colour so dear to Hindus. In fact ochre is the colour of Hindu flag- a colour for which and under which they have fought for their national and cultural existence and identity –a colour which has inspired them to great deeds of valour, sacrifice, bravery, chivalry, gallantry and glory. Can that ochre colour be ever owned by Invaders? It goes against all history and tradition.
102. That despite several centuries of Invader occupation and canards of Invader authorship all the fort’s Hindu associations are intact. This is something remarkable. The two thousands year history of the fort that Keene traces turns out to be authentic. The slight hitch and doubt that he encounters gets explained away by his own very intelligent footnote that the incident of a murderer having been flung from the terrace of the palace inside the fort could not be possible if the fort had been destroyed a year earlier. The lack of any coherence in the dates of starting the fort construction and its completion is proof of the fact that the world has been buffed about the Invader origin of the fort.
103. That Invader accounts are unable to explain the name of any apartment, as to who built it, when was it built, what for it was built, what its cost was and why it has an Hindu aura about it? This is because the fort did not originally belong to the invaders from Arabia, Iran, Turkey, Afghanistan, Khazasstan, and Uzbekstan. They were mere intruders, conquerors, and usurpers. All this discussion should convince the reader that the Red Fort in Agra is of hoary Hindu antiquity and is at least 2200 years old.
104. That one great tragedy of Indian history has been that while Indians remained subdued and gagged under alien domination for over a millenium foreigners who wielded all power in India played great havoc with Indian history merrily destroying or distorting it at will either out of sheer cunning and cussedness or through their colossal ignorance and wanton barbarism.
105. That In that process all mediaeval buildings which came under long Invader occupation came to be misused as tombs or mosques. And in course of time, thanks to alien chauvinism, court flattery and fanatic cunning, all ancient Hindu townships and building got ascribed to Invader authorship. Thus with astounding historical naivete Ahmedabad was, by its sheer name, assumed to have been founded by Ahmedshah, Tughlaqabad by Tughlaq Shah and Ferozabad by Ferozshah.
106. That If one is to be guided by such puerile logic and shallow historical scholarship then one will have to conclude that the city of Allahabad in the state of Uttar Pradesh must have been founded by the Invader God Allah himself. This is with regard to mediaeval townships. But even for mediaeval buildings the same nonchalant, nondescript method is followed. Thus it is blatantly stated that if a building is known as Salimgarh it must have been built by or for Sheikh Salim Chisti (emperor Akbar’s fancied spiritual preceptor) or Prince Salim (Akbar’s heir apparent)or some other Salim. Likewise if a building is called Jahangiri Mahal it is, by that very token insisted that it must have been built by Prince Salim after ascending the throne as Jahangir. Such superficial derivations and conclusions about authorship make nonsense of all historical research methodology.
107. That During nearly 1100 years of alien rule in India most of her history has been distorted or destroyed. All massive, majestic and alluring historic Hindu constructions in India, from Kashmir to Cape Comorin ,have got ascribed to alien Invader invaders such as Turks, Afghans,Iranians ,Arabs, Abyssinians and Moguls out of sheer usurpation or conquest. Such misappropriated constructions include forts, palaces, mansions, sera’s, roads, bridges, wells, canals and even road- side mile-pillars. Misuse of a colossal number of Hindu temples, palaces and mansions as tombs and mosque for several centuries has misled many generations of the publics, tourists, students and scholars of history all over the world into believing that those buildings were originally commissioned by the Invaders.
108. That the intelligentsia of Hindusthan has been somewhat slow in assimilating that finding is a measure of the havoc that history causes in the minds of a subject people by making it impervious even to logic and legal proof. While warrior -patriots like Rana Pratap and the great Chhatrapati Shivaji spill their purple blood to emancipate the land and its people should it not be the patriotic duty of historians to spill at least some blue-black ink for an academic re-conquest of occupied buildings falsely ascribed to alien conquerors?
109. That there was E. B. Havell, a great architect, and one endowed with deep insight. Havell has debunked the claim that the Taj Mahal is the product of any non-Hindu architectural style. In discussing the architecture of the Taj Mahal and the claim of some historians that an Italian named Veroneo may have been its designer, Mr. Kanwar Lal quotes Mr.Havell thus: “So if Veroneo was so deeply versed in Indian craft tradition that he could design a lotus dome after the rules laid down in the Shilpa Shastras, the dome itself, built by Asiatic craftsmen would not have been his. The dome of Taj at Agra and the dome of Ibrahim’s tomb (in Bijapur) both are constructed on the same principles. They are nearly of the same dimensions, and a fact unnoticed by Fergusson and his followers, the contours of both correspond exactly, except that the lotus crown of the Taj at Agra tapers more finely and the lotus petals at the springing of the dome are inlaid instead of being sculptured. The Taj Mahal is, infact, exactly such a building as one would expect to be created in India …by a group of master builders inheriting the traditions of Buddhist and Hindu buildings. The plan which consists of a central dome chamber surrounded by four small domed chambers, follows the plan of an Indian pancharatna, or “five jewelled” temple. Its prototype as have shown elsewhere is found in the Buddhist temple of Chandi Sewa in Java and in the sculptured stupa shrines of Ajanta. Neither Shahjahan nor his court builders, much less an obscure Italian adventurer can claim the whole merit of its achievements.
110. That now as such, Mr.Havell in his assertion is very clear that the Taj Mahal is built in the ancient Indian, Hindu style and none of Shahjahan’s contemporaries could design or conceive of it. We regret that Mr. Havell was unaware of the admission in Shahjahan’s own official chronicle, The Badshahnama, that the Taj Mahal is an ancient Hindu mansion. Had that confession come to light in his time he would have rejoiced to find his architectural conclusion fully corroborated by history, and he would then have been acknowledged as an authority on Indian architecture far superior to Percy Brown or Fergusson.
111. That Like all other so called Invader tombs i.e. Hindu buildings used by them first as residences and later as burial places the Taj Mahal too is not a single tomb but an ancient Hindu mansion reduced to an Islamic burial ground. Besides Mumtaz, Shahjahan himself lies buried by her side. But that is not all. There are two other graves in the same precincts.
112. That Mr Kanwar lal (P. 69 The Taj by Kanwar Lal, ibid.) observes. “At the other end of the Jilokhana, towards the east there are again two buildings These are the tombs of Satunnisa (Khanam) who was a favourite attendant of Mumtaz Mahal and who was entrusted with the task of looking after the temporary tomb of Mumtaz Mahal at Burhanpur. Similar is the tomb of Sarhandi Begum, another of Shahjahan’s queens. The two structures are built exactly the alike.”
113. That the Satunnisa Khanam’s tomb consists of a high octagonal plinth, round a central octagonal mortuary chamber. That Taj is based on good authority, but the special assignment to her of this particular tomb has no better foundation than popular belief. That shows that like every other detail about the Taj Mahal legend even the Satunissa Khanam tomb is a concoction. All such tomb like mounds were erected in usurped Hindu mansions so that Hindus may not reclaim and re use those buildings. The Invaders knew of the Hindu weakness of not disturbing or reclaiming sepulchral sites. So, erecting false oblong grave like mounds was like posting a strong military contingent or planting a scarecrow, which cost practically nothing. It was a simple device a strategic totem to claim Hindu buildings for Islam and it worked admirably.
114. That It is sometimes innocently asked by history teachers that if the Taj Mahal had existed centuries before Shahjahan, how is it there are no earlier references to it. There are three answer to the question. Firstly, the Taj Mahal being then the palace and not the monument open for public inspection as it now is, used to be closely guarded. It was accessible only to the elite and then only on invitation or conquest. As such one cannot except the same prolific references to it as a tourist attraction that one comes across in these days of publicity and modern communications. The second answer is that ancient and mediaeval India teemed with mansions, palaces and temples of bewildering and bewitching variety, so much so that being all very spectacular, one could not be distinguished from another by mere description. Despite such very good reasons for not expecting any identifiable details in earlier records of what is at present known as Taj Mahal, luckily, Babur, the founder of the Mogul dynasty in India, who was the great great grandfather of emperor Shahjahan, has left us a disarming and unmistakable description of the Taj Mahal, if only we have the inclination and insight to grasp it. So our third answer to the question why no mention is found in earlier chronicles of the Taj Mahal and other buildings is that though many a time there is a clear mention of such buildings, our senses benumbed by traditional tutoring fail to grasp their significance. Such is the case with the Taj Mahal.
115. That the rampant corruption was prevalent during the Mogul time and there were large percentage of unauthorized profits of innumerable middle men thus there was no money to raise a cenotaph in the ground floor in octagonal chamber by covering them with costly mosaic stones to match with the palace flooring and barricading the hundred of rooms, ventilators staircases, doorways, balconies and corridor. There exist a seven-storey marble Tejo Mahalaya Hindu temple palace complex. The seven storey massive girth in its lofty gateways and arches necessitates the removal of stone pitching and as such Badshahnama discloses the expenditure incurred in scaffolding of these Hindu complexes and in engraving the Koran on the walls of edifice. The great French merchant visitor tavernier testimony too fully corroborates the aforesaid conclusion. Let us examine his testimony introduce in Maharashtreeya Jnyankosh. “Jean Baptiste Tavernier, a French jeweler, toured India for trade between 1641 and 1668 A.D. His travel account is mainly devoted to commerce. He used to sojourn at Surat and Agra (while in India). He visited all parts of India, including Bengal, Gujrat, Punjab, Madras, Karnatak, etc. He owned a vehicle .He had to spend Rs. 600 for the cart and pair of bullocks. ‘The bullocks used to cover 40 miles a day for two months at a stretch. Four days were enough for the journey from Surat to Agra or Golcunda and the expense used to be between Rs. 40 and Rs.50. The roads were as good as Roman highways. European traveler’s felt inconvenienced in Hindu territories for want of meat, which was freely available in Invader dominions. A good postal system was in vogue. Both the town –folk and the government used to provide protection against highway robbery’…is the kind of information Travernier has recorded (in his book titled Travels in India). Not being learned, he has not recorded much except where wealth and commerce was concerned.
116. That the other important piece of evidence arises from some chance digging conducted in the Garden in front of the marble edifice early in the year 1973 A.D. It so happened that the fountains developed some defect .It was therefore thought advisable to inspect the main pipe that lay imbedded underneath. When the ground was dug to that level some hollows were noticed going down to another five feet. Therefore the ground was dug to that depth. And to the utter surprise of all there lay at that depth another set of fountains hitherto unknown. What appeared more significant was that those fountains are aligned to the Taj Mahal, decisively indicating that the present building existed even before Shahjahan. Those hidden fountains could have been installed neither by Shahjahan not his successors, the British. Therefore they were of the pre-Shahjahan era. Since they were aligned to the Taj Mahal building it followed ipso facto that the building too pre-dated Shahjahan. This piece of evidence too therefore clinches the issue in favour of our conclusion that Shahjahan only commandeered an ancient Hindu temple –palace for Mumtaz’s burial.
117. That the archaeology officer, who supervised that digging, was Mr. R. S. Verma, a conservation assistant, who made another chance discovery. Once while strolling staff-in-hand on the terrace near the so-called mosque and the circular well on the western flank of the marble edifice, Mr. Verma detected a hollow sound coming from below the floor where his staff hit the terrace. He had a slab covering that spot removed and to his surprise that was an ancient opening, apparently sealed by Shahjahan, to a flight of about 50 steps reaching down into a dark corridor. The broad wall under the terrace was apparently hollow. From this it is clear that the corresponding spot on the eastern terrace also hides a similar staircase and corridor, at its bottom. And God only knows how many more such walls, apartments and stories lie sealed, hidden and unknown to the world. Thus also incidentally points to the sorry state of research with respect to the Taj Mahal. Nobody seems to have done neither any archaeological investigation in the grounds of the Taj Mahal nor conducted a diligent academic study of the whole issue. Apparently extraneous political and communal considerations have inhibited historians and archeologists from conducting any meaningful research into the origin of Taj Mahal. Such Academic cowardice is highly reprehensible.
118. That Naturally when chance alien visitors like Peter Mundy visit such sites undergoing extensive superficial changes his observing that “the building is begun…. …( and ) is prosecuted with extraordinary diligence “ is not wrong .He couldn’t visualise that some generations after him posterity would be bluffed into believing that the Taj Mahal complex was raised by Shahjahan himself .Travernier and Peter Mundy could not possibly visualize such a falsification of history and could not be more explicit. We ourselves visiting some building as chance visitors wouldn’t be more explicit. For instance if we were to visit Bombay or London at a time when somebody has acquired somebody else’s mansion and has enclosed it in massive scaffolding to renovate it for his own purpose we won’t dare or care to ask him how he acquired the building, for how much, from whom, what changes he proposed to make, and spend how much over it .We would simply refer to it as his building. Such inquiries are all the more impossible when a wide hiatus of language, race, culture authority, and wealth separates the two. Peter Mundy also fortunately records the object of the leveling up of the hillocks. The hillocks were removed, he says, ”because they might not hinder the prospect “ of the mausoleum .The very fact that within a couple of years of Mumtaz’s death the hillocks were leveled to afford a glimpse of the mausoleum clearly indicates that the Taj building complex already existed .All that was necessary was to level some of the hillocks and make the building visible from a distance. In fact the very object of the ancient Hindu builders of the Taj raising those hillocks seems from Mundy’s noting, to prevent the tempting Taj to be the target of a malicious enemy’s attack. Since Shahjahan was converting it into a tomb open to all and sundry, he no longer had the need to keep it out of the gaze of enmical people.
119. That Waldemar Hansen notes on pages 181-182 of his book (titled “The Peacock Throne”, published by Holt, Rhinehart and Winston) that “Even as early as 1632 on the first anniversary of Mumtaz Mahal’s death, the courtyard of the mausoleum in progress had been adorned with superb tents, with the entire court assembled to pay homage- princes of the royal blood, grandees and an assemblage of religious scholars including sheikhs, ulemas and hafizes who knew the whole Koran by heart. Shahjahan had graced the event with his presence, and as the empress’s father Asaf Khan was present by imperial request, a great banquet was spread before the then nascent tomb and guests partook of a variety of foods, sweetmeats, and fruits. Verses from the Koran filled the air, prayers were offered for the soul of the dead and a hundred thousand rupees went into charity. In later years on other anniversary days, Shahjahan attended memorials at the incomplete edifice whenever in Agra, formally accompanied by Jahanara and the harem .The ladies always occupied a central platform set up for the occasion, and remained concealed from the public gaze by kanats, screens of red cloth and velvet. Noblemen gathered under pitched tents.
120. That the Taj Mahal originated as a temple -The inscription in Sanskrit has 34 stanzas of which stanzas 25,26 and 34 being relevant to our topic are reproduced as translation. Translated, these means:”He (King Parmardi Dev or on his behalf his minister Salakshan) raised a palace which had inside it the idol of Lord Vishnu whose feet the king used to touch with his (bowed) head.
121. That “Similarly the King also had constructed this temple,(dedicated) to the God who bears the crescent on His (fore)head, made of crystal white stone. Consecrated in that (magnificent) temple the lord (was so pleased that He) never thought of repairing to His (Himalayan) abode on mount Kailas. The inscription found at Mauja Bateshwar, near Agra is at present in the Lucknow Museum.It is of the King Paramardi Dev dated Vikram Samvat 1212, Ashwin (month),5th day of the bright lunar fortnight. It has in all 34 stanzas which describe the origin of the Chandratreya (regal) dynasty and its important rulers. The inscription was found embedded in a mound at Bateshwar .It was later deposited in the Lucknow Museum by General Cunnigham, where it still is. The two beautiful marble temples which King Paramardi Dev had raised, one for Lord Vishnu and the other for Lord Shiva were subsequently desecrated during Invader invasions. Some clever (farsighted) person has this inscription ,concerning these temples,buried in a mound. It remained buried for many years until1900 A.D. when during excavations it was discovered by General Cunnigham. The Shiva (Chandramauleeshwar) temple is obviuosly the Taj Mahal for the following reasons:
Taj Mahal is scrawled over with 14 chapters of the Koran.
122. That the age of the original stone of the Taj Mahal and the age of the Koran scrawled-stone are certainly different and which could be ascertain scientifically. No where is there even the slightest or remotest elusion in that Islamic overwriting stating Shahjahan’s authorship of the Taj. Had Shahjahan been the builder of Taj Mahal, naturally some words would have been scrawled there. When koranic lettering has been forged on the walls of Taj Mahal, then why not the name of Mumtaz in whose memory it was stated to be built.
123. That it is mentioned by the inscriber, Amanat Khan Shirazi himself in an inscription on the building that Shahjahan, far from building the marvel Tej, only disfigured it with black lettering. A clue to that tampering by Shahjahan is found on pages 216-217, Vol. IV of Archaeological Survey of India Reports, published in 1874, stating that a .“great square black basaltic pillar which, with the base and capital of another similar………..now in the grounds of the Museum at Agra……………….it is well known, one stood in the garden of Taj Mahal.” The true copy of the photographs deplicting the different monument with tempered representation having deceptive indintity proclaiming as Mughal constriction as exhibited in the photographs are Annexure no.18
124. That there was also a Sanskrit inscription dated 1155 A. D. in the Taj Mahal which speaks conclusively that it was a Hindu Temple, which was subsequently wrongly termed as Bateshwar inscription, now preserved at the top floor of the Lucknow Museum.

125. That despite such staggering evidence the respondent authorities have been guilty of Tomin the Taj Mahal as a marble creation of Shahjahan and thereby creating and misleading the world for over a century. All of them have also been making illegal gains through their deceitful activities by being paid huge sums for their books, articles, news reports, broadcasts, and telecasts.
126. That Archaeological Survey of India is guilty of charging high entrance fee from thousands of visitors every day from all over the world for over a century purveying through its licensed guides concocted details about Shahjahan’s take authorship of the Taj Mahal and through Archaeological Survey of India notices in Hindi, Urdu and English on three stone plaques displayed at the Tajmahal entrance declaring that Shahjahan raised the monument from 1631 to 1653 A. D.
127. That the authorities are guilty of giving mis-information and dis-information all over the world for over a century. The enormity of that academic crime affecting the whole world has caused a deep injury and prejudice to the human population of the world. The national motto of our country is “Satyameva Jayate“ (Truth alone triumphs). That In that context the blatant lie that the Archaeological Survey of India has been propagating to the entire academic and tourist world is a matter of national sham and a serious concern to all.
128. That there is no valid reason why Anglo-Invader school should not be able to produce even a single document pertaining to the Invader claims to the fort. Had the claims been true such documents should have been available in plenty because when the British deposed the Mogul emperor they preserved and carefully classified all the documents they seized form the mogul archives. Those records contain hardly anything but letters. That when the Anglo-Invader school is unable to produce even a single document in support of its claim any law court would draw an a priori adverse inference.
129. That even then we claim no special advantage form this fundamental weakness in the case of the respondent Anglo-Invader school. In ordinary life, there are very many occasions when documents are not available on either side and yet there is overwhelming circumstantial evidence on the basis of which the court can come to a clear judgement over the rival claims. It is such circumstantial evidence which we propose to lay before the bar and bench of learned public opinion:
130. That according to the British historian Keene, Agra fort has been in existence from the pre-Christian era. Ancient Hindu kings like Ashok (3rd Century B.C.) and Kanishka (1st Century B.C.) had lived in that fort. That same fort is again referred to by the Persian poet-historian Salman, in the 11th century A.D.. Early in that century when the Hindu king Jaipal ruled over Agra. The fort suffered its first Invader raid under the invader Mahmud of Ghazni.Thereafter some chauvinistic Islamic accounts vaguely claim that the Invader sultan Sikandar Lodi demolished the Hindu fort. That claim has been found to be baseless. A few years later another vague claim is made by some other mediaeval Invader faltterers that sultan Salim Shah Sur either destroyed the Hindu fort or Sikandar Lodi’s fort and built his own fort at exactly the same place or some other place. Even the claim has been found to be fraudulent because no trace is found of the fort that Salim Shah Suri is said to have built. Invader history is replete with such fraudulent claims, according to the late British historian Sir H.M. Elliot.
131. That an English visitor, Peter Mundy who was in India only for about a year after Mumtaz’s death mentions the Taj Mahal as one of the most spectacular buildings. Thus Shahjahan’s sacrilege of the Hindu Taj temple-palace by misusing it as an Islamic graveyard ought to be rectified by removing Arjumand Banu’s remains,if they really are in the Taj Mahal, to her original grave, still existing in Burhanpur. The garden pavilion of an Hindu mansion in Burhanpur (about 600 miles south west of Agra) where Mumtaz was buried in 1631 A.D. after her death in her 14th delivery during 18 years of married life. Shahjahan Mumtaz had encamped in the adjoining Hindu palace during a north south journey when Mumtaz died.
132. That the ground plan of the orthodox Vedic octagonal Tejomahalaya shrine in Agra where Mumtaz’s exhumed body is supposed to have been interred again. Why this sacrilege? An aerial view. The white marble Tejomahalaya framed by four towers at its plinth-corners on the south bank of the sacred Yamuna river. Two identical red stone buildings (each with three marble domes) facing the marble edifice from the east and west were meant to be reception pavilions for royal or religious congregations. The central marble building and the flanking red stone buildings are all seven storied with octagonal features, which is a Vedic specialty. Seven storied octagonal buildings are mentioned even in Ramayanic description of Ayodhya. A meticulous count will reveal 33 arches in the marble plinth seen in front in between the two towers on the left and the right. Since the marble platform is a square the breadth too has 33 arches consequently the marble plinth itself encloses 33x 33=1089 rooms That is the ground floor. Above it on either side of the lofty entrance arch may be seen vaulted arches on two levels one above the other, which constitutes two more stories in marble.
133. That the outer western gateway leading to the spacious parking area for visitors’ vehicles lined by arcaded red stone verandahs with rooms for shopkeepers selling their wares. The entire parking area is lined by such shopping arcades which Tavernier describes as bazar of six courts. The western gateway has assumed importance in modern times because the main bus depot and railway stations of the populace, bustling Agra city lies in that direction. In olden days it was the elevated gateway at the left which used, to be the main entrance of the Tajganj alias Tajganj township. The Tejomahalaya shopping arcade has had at its outer eastern and western corners, flanking the Shree gate, two other subsidiary sentinel-temples. This octagonal pavilion with a white dome in the southwest corner bearing the inverted lotus cap and straight Vedic pinnacle pitcher shaft is one of them. But alas, since Shahjahan’s time the sacred sanctum has an Islamic cenotaph attributed to an harem-maid Satunnisa Khanam. But since no name is inscribed on it that seems to be an inspired canard explaining away the desecration of the Hindu shrine.
134. That the interior of the multi-storied vaulted entrance gate leading first to the rectangular garden and then to the wonder marble edifice at the far end. The temple palace management staff used to work on both floors on various assigned duties. The carved decorative red stone bunting around the interior and exterior of this gateway, about knee-high from the floor, if minutely observed turns out to be an ingenious running chain of three-in-one Ganesh images, two in profile on the flanks and one with a frontal facing in the middle. The marble Taj Mahal has identical vaulted lofty archways in all the four directions. Their temple décor was chiseled away and Koranic extracts were improvised to fill the cavities. Close look at the marble stone frames around the vertical and horizontal Koranic passages to notice the patches of dissimilar shapes and tints of marble used. Cobras lined up above a string of inlaid temple bells pattern form the upper border of the Taj Mahal. Both cobras and bells have sacred associations in Vedic spiritual lore.
135. That the gateway at which entry tickets are issued, is decorated both inside and out, at the knee level with a bunting depicting such ingeneous three-in-one Ganesh caricatures; two in profile on the flanks enclosing a frontal one in the middle. The arches in the marble plinth and the rectangular ventilator above each one of them,(allowing light and air to the 1089 chambers inside the plinth)may be minutely observed to have been sealed with marble slabs.
136. That the seven arches at the bottom enclose the stairs, which lead to the top of the marble plinth symmetrically from the right and left. The Nandi (Lord Shiva ‘s Bull) occupied the spot where the person clad in white robes is seen standing facing the entrance, before it was uprooted at Shahjahan’s orders. That spot was patched up later with inferior reddish slabs. There is trident shaped designs in inlay filigree at the two upper corners of the entrance and the trident shaped red lotus bud at the apex of the arch.
137. That the Koranic stones fixed vertically and horizontally along such lofty arches on all four sides were improvised to fill up gaping cavities left after digging out idols of Vedic deities and Sanskrit extracts. We arrive at the above conclusion because (1) a close inspection of the marble frames enclosing the Koranic extracts reveal patches of marble of different shapes and tints (2) The Koranic extracts are random, haphazard out of sequence and incomplete (3) On hot days with the visitor’s feet burning on the marble plinth a fierce sun beating down on the head and the eyes burning with intense sunlight radiated by the white marble sheen even a devout Invader knowing Arabic won’t have the heart or even the steady head or patience to crane and strain his eyes and neck alternately vertically and horizontally to make any head or tail of that message of Allah. A close-up of the upper part of a minaret. The galleries rest on snake-shape brackets, which is a distinct Hindu architectural trait. Mumtaz’s tomb in the crypt (basement). The pavement patched up with marble slabs of varying sizes and tints indicating that the Shivling here has either been replaced by the cenotaph or is covered up by it.
138. That after one enters the lofty arch from the marble platform one-steps onto spacious halls which form a perambulatory passage all around the central octagonal sanctum. That sanctum too has entrances on all four sides. But only the south entrance has been kept open since Shahjahan’s time. All these outer and inner entrances had silver doors, which are common to all renowned Hindu (Vedic) shrines. Those were uprooted and ranged on the outer marble plinth before being spirited away to Shahjahan’s Mogul treasury. European visitors to the shrine around 1631 A.D. noticing the uprooted costly fixtures such as silver doors ranged on the marble platform misunderstood them to have been ordered by Shahjahan to be used in the building. Contrarily the thousands of labourers rounded up from the by lanes of Agra city under threats of dire consequences were forced to toil gratis to uproot all the costly fixtures such as the gem studded gold railings (around the Shivaling), silver doors, precious stones stuffed in the marble lattices and the golden pitcher dripping water on the Shivlinga, and transport them to the mogul treasury. Notice the framed decorative panels to the left and right of the doorway. They depict embossed OM shaped Dhatura flowers and conchshell- type foliage. The panel at the left has the sacred conchshell design. The right side panel depicts a plant with flowers shaped like the sacred Vedic chant (OM).
139. That Mumtaz’s cenotaph in the foreground and subsequent Shahjahan’s cenotaph besides it in the upper marble octagonal chamber. Notice that both the cenotaphs are highly decorated with inlay work. Science have been so somnolent for the last 350 and odd years as to allow the preposterous Shahjahan and Mumtaz legend, stained with carnal love to pass muster in spite of being riddled with a myriad loopholes disclosed .Around the hook (from which hangs the chain) is a sketch in concentric circles. In the smallest innermost circle are arrows symbolizing the eight surface directions. Around it is another circle of 16 serpents looking down on the Shivling underneath. Around it is a wider circle of 32 tridents. Surrounding it is a bigger circle depicting 64 lotus buds. Even this mathematical progression of multiples of 8 i.e. 8x2=16x2=32x2=64 is of esoteric Vedic significance and has no relation with Islam.The preponderating significance of 8 in Vedic tradition may be judged from terms such as Ashtapailu, Ashtavadhani, Ashtaputra, Ashtadhatu, Ashtang Ayurved, Mangalashtak and Sastang namaskar.
140. That the octagonal lattice around the cenotaph of Mumtaz (which has replaced or covered the sacred Shivling) has in its upper border a total of 108 pitchers, some rotund and striped and some oblong like vases. The rotund striped pitcher is seen bathing the Shivaling underneath with a stream of milk. The decorative flora on the vase and other parts of the Taj Mahal alias Tejomahalaya is all native to India. Such decoration in the orange, Vedic colour behooves a Hindu temple or palace but never a somber Islamic sepulchre.
141. That a close-up of the gilded pinnacle rising from the inverted lotus cap of the marble dome .The pinnacle is known as Kalash in Vedic parlance because of the stack of pitchers which constitute it. The curvy shaft seen in the upper portion represents the crescent on Lord Shiva’s forehead. Above it is an oblong pitcher, two mango leaves curving on either side with a coconut balanced on top. Such a coconut –topped pitcher represents divinity in Vedic tradition.
142. That the three domes of the so-called mosque are a misfit in Islam. Since Islam has only one Allah and one prophet for who is the third dome? Moreover the qibla (i.e. the prayer niche) is not aligned to the Kaba in Mecca, as it should be in a genuine mosque. Also when there are three qiblas instead of one they couldn’t all be aligned to the Kaba at the same time. And since the twin buildings on the eastern flank is a non-mosque it automatically follows that its counterpart to the west is also a non-mosque. Only buildings with the same function and purpose can have an identical design.
143. That there is staircase and another symmetrical one at the other end lead down to the storey beneath the marble platform Tow such staircases (one each at the eastern and western ends) behind the marble plinth take one to the nether chambers. Visitors may go to the back of the marble plinth at the eastern or western end and descend down the staircase because it is open to sky. But at the foot the archaeology department has set up an iron grill door, which it keeps, locked. Yet one may peep inside from the iron grill in the upper part of the door. Shahjahan had sealed even these two staircases. It was the British who opened them. But from Shahjahan’s time the stories below and above the marble ground floor have been barred to visitors. We are still following Mogul dictates and Invader secrecy though long free from Mogul Islamic rule.
144. That One of the 22 locked rooms in the secret storey beneath the marble platform of the Taj Mahal, which the archaeological Survey of India keeps conspiratorially locked to hoodwink the public. Therefore the public must pressurized the government to open all locked and sealed chambers in all monuments including the Taj.
145. That the strips of ancient Hindu paint are seen on the wall flanking the doorway. The niches above had paintings of Hindu gods, obviously rubbed off by Invader desecrators. One of the 22 riverside rooms in a secret storey of the Taj Mahal unknown to the public. Shahjahan far from building the shining marble Taj wantonly disfigured it. Here he has crudely walled up a doorway. Such imperial Mogul vandalism lies hidden from the public. This room is in the red stone storey immediately below the marble platform. Indian history has been turned topsy- in lauding destroyers as great builders. Therefore Shahjahan should be referred to not as the creator of Taj but as a plunderer of its costly fixtures and disfigurer of the sublime, serene beauty of the holy Tejomahalaya.

IN THE HON’BLE HIGH COURT OF

IN THE HON’BLE HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE AT ALLAHABAD.

Civil Misc. Writ Petition No. of 2004
(Under Article 226 of constitution of India)
(District – Agra)

1. Institute of Rewriting Indian History Through its Founder President, P. N. Oak.
S/O Late Shri Nagesh Krishna Oak, R/O - Plot No. 10, Goodwill Society,
Aundh, Pune – 411007
2. P. N. Oak. S/O Late Shri Nagesh Krishna Oak, R/O - Plot No. 10, Goodwill
Society, Aundh, Pune - 4110071. Founder President, Institute of Rewriting
Indian History, Aundh, Pune - 4110071 -----------Petitioner

VERSUS

1. Union of India through Secretary,
Human Resources and Development (HRD),
Government of India, New Delhi.

2. Secretary, Tourism and Archeological Department, Govt. of India,
New Delhi

3. Director General,
Archaeological Survey of India,
Government of India, Janapath, New Delhi.----------Respondents

To,
The Hon’ble the Chief Justice and his lordships other companion Judges of the aforesaid Court.
The humble petition of the abovenamed petitioner MOST RESPECTFULLY SHOWETH AS UNDER;

1. That, no other writ petition has been filed or pending on the same controversy involved in the present writ petition before this Hon’ble Court, nor the petitioner’s institution, namely, “ Institute for Re-writing Indian (and World) History” has received any notice of caveat application so far in the present writ petition. The petitioner No.1 and petitioner No.2 are same person, but they are impleaded in different capacity.
2. That this writ petition is moved to re-establish the truth and cultural heritage of our Country. This writ petition is pertaining to the world marvel, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, namely, Taj Mahal, and other monuments authorship attributed to Hindu Rulers, much prior to the period of Mugal Invaders. The ancient monuments and structure are part of our tradition and culture and evidence of glorious-marvelous architectural achievement and further to that it is a part of our heritage. Fraud upon history should not be perpetuated as life is evaluated in the perspective of history. For the sake of history of heritage, these monuments should be identified, protected and preserved properly in the right perspective with right historical records of creation and construction of truth and realities, which includes rectifying and/ or correcting the wrong records, notions, motivated dis-information and mis- information.
3. That this writ petition is moved in the Public Interest, for a National Cause, to establish the truth there is no private interest or any other oblique motive, or any other personal gain. The petitioner institution, known as Institute for Re-writing Indian History, Thane, having registration no. F-1128 (T) is a public trust. The founder president of the trust is Shri P.N. Oak S/o Late Shri Nagesh Krishna Oak, R/o- Plot no. 10, Goodwill Society, Aundh, Pune.411007, who has written number of books namely 1. World Vedic Heritage, 2. The Tajmahal is a Temple Place, 3.Some Blunders of Indian Historical Research, 4. Flowers Howlers, 5. Learning Vedic Astrology, 6. Some Missing Chapters of World History, 7. Agra red Fort is a Hindu Building, 8.Great Britain was Hindu Land, 9. The Taj Mahal is Tejomahalaya a Shiva Temple, 10.Who Says Akbar was Great, 11. Vedic Guide to Health, Beauty, Longevity and Rejuvenation, 12. Islamic Havoc in Indian History.
4. That the petitioner No. 2 is the founder President of an Institution, namely, “ Institute for Re-writing Indian (and World) History “. The aim and objective of that institution, which is a registered society having register no. F-1128 (T) as the public trust under the provision of Bombay Public Trust Act. Inter alia, is to re-discover the Indian history. The monumental places of historical importance in their real and true perspective having of the heritage of India. The true copy of memorandum of association of the aforesaid society / public trust having fundamental objectives along with Income tax exemption certificate under section 80-G (5) of I.T. Act, 1961 for period 1/4/2003 to 31/3/2006 are filed herewith as marked as Annexure No.1 and 2 to the writ petition.
5. That the founder-President of Petitioner’s Institution namely Shri P. N. Oak is a National born Citizen of India. He resides permanently at the address given in case title. The petitioner is a renowned author of 13 renowned books including the books, titled as, “ The Taj Mahal is a Temple Place”. This petition is related to Taj Mahal, Fatehpur- Sikiri, Red-fort at Agra, Etamaudaula, Jama- Masjid at Agra and other so called other monuments. All his books are the result of his long-standing research and unique rediscovery in the respective fields. The titles of his books speak well about the contents of the subject. His Critical analysis, dispassionate, scientific approach and reappraisal of facts and figures by using recognised tools used in the field gave him distinction through out the world. The true copy of the title page of book namely “The Taj Mahal is a Temple Palace” . written by Sri P. N. Oak, the author/ petitioner No. 2 is filed as Annexure –3 to this writ petition.
6. That the great “Kshatriya community” pride to defend their faith and the culture of our country against foreign invasions in converting the monuments by the foreign invaders requires a sacrificial magnanimity and moral purity in the exposure of the truth to the public and thereby to safeguard their right of freedom of information couched under Article 19(1) (a) is the theme behind the writing this Article and the present Petition .The serene beauty, majesty and grandeur of the Taj Mahal, one of the seventh wonders of the world and other monuments is still not so well known to the world regarding the true story of its origin. The magnificent palace, which was built earlier got converted into the Tomb .The changeover has proved a shroud deluding from lay visitors to the researchers and the great historian Sri P.N. Oak, a co-worker of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. The popular nostalgia of legendary love to get the conversion of every Hindu Palace/Temple due to mythical attachment from fanatic raging fire converting dazzle of leaping flames and blinding smoke should be discouraged into a cool research regarding the origin. This is required to check a different form of terrorism prevalent amongst the crusader of the death to the innocent victim on the psychological level. Let us examine the scared truth about the origin of the monuments.The true copy of the title cover of books namely “Some Missing Chapters of World History” and “Some Blunder Of Indian Historical Research” written by Sri P. N. Oak containing the Boigraphy sketch of identity of great author are filed as Annexure No. 4 and 5
7. That the said book, which is the ‘ research paper’ of the author on the subject that the so-called “Taj Mahal “ is not a monument built by an Invader Emperor Shahajahan in memory of his late wife but a Hindu Shiva Temple which was converted into a love-memorial by a Invader Emperor. The true copy of the book was first published in 1968, 2nd edition on 1969, 3rd edition in 1974 namly THE TAJ MAHAL IS TEJO-MAHALAYA : A SHIVA TEMPLE is filed herewith as Annexure No.6 and large 4th edition published in 1993 shall be produced is being directed by this Hon’ble Court.
8. That the afforesaid book contaning 35 pages –booklet lists scrially numbeded 118 points of evidence with may be treated as the submission made before this Hon’ble Court for making following demands (I) The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) be ordered to remove forthwish its notices at the entrance to the Taj mahal in Agra attributting its creation to Shahjahan, since those notice in English, Hindi and Urdu are false and baseless and quate no authority.(II) Misuse of the left – flank building as a mosque be banned since the entire premises constitute a pre-Shahjahan Tejomhalaya Shiv Temple complex. (III) Free entry on Fridays be ordered to be discontinued since there being no geniune mosque in the premises why should the Government lose a day’s revenue! (IV) If Free entry on Fridays is not discontinued then Mondays should also be free-entey days because that is a day of special Shiv worship. (V) The Tejmahal, its two flanking buildings and a well being all seven-storyed they enclose over a thousand rooms which should all be thrown open to visitorssince they are charged an entrance free. (VI) The A.S.I. be ordered to remove its locks from those storyed and also pull down the crude unplastered walling-up by Shahjahan of staircases, ventillators and doorways leading to those sealed rooms. (VII) The A.S.I. be directed to search for hidden histirical evidence such as inscriptions, divine idols etc. in those sealed rooms and thick walls tampered with by Shahjahan. (VIII) The water in the seven-storyed wall be pumped out to look for jettisoned valuable and inscription etc. at its bottom when Shahjahan’s Mogul troops swooped to confiscate that temple palace complex and the bullion, gems, gold-pitcher, the gem-studded gold-railing and the Peacock Throne inside, owned by Raja Jaisingh of Jaipur. (IX) Beating of Nagaras (drums) at ausicious dawn and dusk hours be resumed as of yore in the two Nagarkhanas in the premises. (X) Since the Taj has two cenotaphs each in the name of Shahjahan and Mumtaz in two storeyes at least one each of those two pairs of cenotaphs must be fake since Muslims don’t cut their dead into two pieces to be buried under two cenotahs it is belived. Even the basement conotaphs could’s be genuine because they are two storeyed higher than the Yamuna river bed ground level. Therefore the ASI be directed to investigate which of those cenotaphs if any are genuine or whether both are fakes or whether there are any more fake conotaphs upto the ground level ? (XI) The Koranic graft patched along the entrance arches be ordered to be removed since those are illagel forged imposition to be Islamic lettering desecrating the ancient sacred Shiv shrine. (XII) Extensive repairs to the hundreds of sealed or locked rooms in the storeyes beneath and above the marble floor be ordered to be undertaken immediately to prevent collapes of the Tajmahal from internal weakness. (XIII) The A.S.I. should be directed to intestigate as to who stencilled the Arabic letter ‘Allah’ and some Englishmen’s names on the mental pinnacle shift rooted in the dome, since no such names exits on the full scale replica of the pinnacle shaft inlaid in the red stone courtyard on the eastern flank of the Tajmahal. (XIV) The Muslim attendants squatting by the side of the cenotaphs should be decommissioned and disbanded because the cenotaphs are fakes covering the ancient Shivlings. (XV) Since the towering seven-storyed Tajmahal edifice must have been raised over an underground basement the ASI should be directed to investigiate whether there is any such hidden, buried basement as was the ancient Vedic practice.
9. That in 1155- 1158 A.D.It is said that Raja Paramdardi dav, a Jat Ruler on his behalf and on behalf of the Minister Salakahan who constructed Tejoji Mahal which came in occupation Of Raja Man Singh and remain in possession of Raja Jai Singh when It was tken for conversion to Taj Mahal, for the purposes of shifting the remains of Arjumand Banu( Mumtaj )W/o Emperor Shahajahan Died In between 1629-1632 and buried at Burhanpur and her body Exhumed after about 6 months (as disclosed in Shahajan Badshahnama written by MullaAbdul Hameed lahori).
10. That, it is said that in 1629-1632 A.D. Arjumand Banu( Mumtaj )W/o Emperor Shahajahan Died in between and was buried at Burhanpur and her body may be Exhumed after about 6 months.It is submitted that 1641-1668 A.D.is probable period of the shroud deluding changeover of Hindu Palace/Temple as mughal Monument/ Graveyard. It is submmited that in 1652 A.D. Aurangazab Letter showing his somsidern about need of elaborate repairs of Taj Mahal.. If Taj Mahal was constracted in 1641 to 1668, why Auranjab sought for illobrate repair. It was nothing, except for changing the authoriship of building as Mughal monument. In 1658 A.D. Emperor Shah jahan died. Their after his graveyard was also placed in Taj Mahal near the graveyard of Arjumand Banu( Mumtaj )W/o Emperor Shahajahan. It appear that koranic in graving dragged for camouflaging Hindu building with Muslim Lattering as a hoary tredition, which is evidence Adhai- Din-Ka-opda at Ajmar which was a part of vigragharaj Vishandeo’s palace an also at kutabminar with a legerdemain of Islamik carinngs on it.
11. That in 1843 A.D., the Governer General Lord Auckland with his lieutenant cunningham tempered entire historical data of the arcologicaly department by converning the authoriship of these Hindu palaces to Mughal monument for adoptding the policy of “Divide and Rule”. A deep Conspiracy Committed By Lieutenant Alexander Cunningham in 1842-1847.
12. That in 1904 A.D., the provisons of The Ancient Monuments Preservation Act, 1904,have further tempered the entire histrocial data of the arcologicaly department by converning the authoriship of these Hindu palaces/monuments to Mughal monument for adoptding the policy of “Divide and Rule”
13. That in 1951 A.D., the provision of “The Ancient And Historical Monuments And Archaeological Sites And Remains (Declaration Of National Importance) Act, 1951”are further intesified the falsehood of these Buildings by shifting the authership of these monuments. Thus this Writ Petition is filed seeking declaration to the extend of declaring the ancient and historical monuments and other and Archaeological Sites namely Taj Mahal. Fatehpur-sikiri, Agra Red Fort, Ethmadualla and other Monuments as built by Mugal invaders allegedly on the basis of report submitted by Then Governor General, Lord Auckland, and young lieutenant Alexander Cunningham conceived indigenous scheme of “Divide and Rule”and thereby misusing the archaeological studies, be declared as ultravires to Article 19 (1) (a), 25,26 49 And 51-A (f) (h) Constitution of India.
14. That this Hon’ble Court may futher declare the provision of Ancient and Historical Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Declaration of National Importance) Act, 1951 (71 of 1951), The Ancient Monuments And Archaeological Sites And Remains Act, 1958 of declaring these ancient building/ monuments preserved with such false mughal identity with out any scientific inquiry/ investigation as purported Mughal monuments / Graveyards as unconstitutional and void.
15. That in 1968 A.D Sri P.N.Oak written his first book titled as Taj Mahal is TEJO-MAHALAYA : A SHIVA TEMPLE. In 1974 A.D. It is submitted that in the Carbon dating test –14 conducted of the doors timber placed on the Northern side of Taj Mahal building now remooved from its location Towards Yamuna River at Dashahara Ghat and Basai Ghat from where the public could have a glance towards Shiva Temple constructed at the top of Raja Mansingh Palace Which was in Occupation of his grand Son Raja Jai Singh, when it was forciably taken by Emperor Sahajahan for burial of Arjumand Banu( Mumtaj )W/o Emperor Shahajahan Died in between and buried at Burhanpur and her body Exhumed after about 6 months
16. That this book is being well accepted in India and abroad. The popular nostalgia for legendary love has helped fan then flame of Shahajajahan’s mythical attachment to Mumtaz into a raging fire, envoloping the taj in the dazzale of leaping flames and blinding smoke of imaginary accounts, discouraging the cool, dispassionate research about its origion It has raised no controversy. Since the reasons given therein supported with documented record have proved conclusively the findings and conclusions of the author. Thus the objective of the research conducted by the petitioner No.2 is not to cultivate any animosity or any thing to invade the feeling of any citizen, except the exposure of the truth to the citizen, historians and to the young generation, as they may not be mislead by falsehood, in order to swept away by the impulse of terrorist oriented approach of the fundamentalist under our secular democratic structural approach in the preamble of our constitution.
17. That Hindu Palace/Temple conversion in Invader Monuments like Taj Mahal- Invasion of our Indian Heritage by Archaeological Dept under the garb of The Ancient Monuments And Archaeological Sites And Remains Act, 1958 ( Act No.24 of !958)- Indian Historical Blunders – A deep Conspiracy Committed By lieutenant Alexander Cunningham in 1842-1847.Reference collected from the books of Sri P.N. Oak – The Taj Mahal Is A Temple palace – Some Blunder of Indian Historical Research –Some Missing Chapters of World History- AGRA RED FORT is a Hindu building. Published by-HINDI SAHITYA SADAN 2, B.D. Chambers, 10/54 D. B. Gupta Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi-110005.
18. That the freedom of speech and expression is basic to indivisible from a democratic polity .It includes right to impart and receive information. Restriction to the said right could be only as provided in Article 19(2) to (6) of the constitution of India. The old dictum let the people have the truth and the freedom to discuss it and all will go well with the Government. It should prevail. The true test for deciding the validity is whether it takes away or abridges fundamental right of the citizens. If there were direct abridgement of the fundamental right of freedom of speech and expression, the law would be invalid. If the provisions of the law violate the constitutional provisions, they have to be struck down and that is what is required to be done in the present case .It is made clear that no provision is nullified on the ground, that the Court does not approve the underlying policy of the enactment.
19. That the ambit and scope of “Right to Know “ along with right of conscience, fath and Religion are conferred fundamental right under Article 19 (1)(a), 25, 26, 49, 51-A (f) (h) of the Constitution of India; read with the provision of Freedom of Information Act, 2002 .The right to get information in democracy is recognized all throughout and it is a natural right flowing from the concept of democracy itself. Freedom of expression may be necessarily included in the right of information. There is no expression with out having an idea on the subject, regarding which the expression of an individual may be given effect to change the existing values of ideology, which are based on the notable extracts of certain facts. An enlightening informed citizen would undoubtedly enhance democratic values. On one hand, we are suffering from the past prejudice of caste predomination amongst the different section of the citizen. This country called as Arya Varta in the ancient time was so excellent, as there was no match equal to our country on this earth. The creation of the terminology of Aryan considering themselves to be noble was earlier regarded the real philosopher’s touchstone to eradicate the falsehood from its perception. However by the gradual deterioration in the standard of the good behavior, righteousness, decency which were having the foundation of impartiality, love and conscientiousness, there has been the complete absence of discrimination in the social coordination. The true copy of the provision of Freedom of Information Act, 2002 is filed herewith and marked as Annexure No. 7.
20. That truth will not make us rich, but it will certainly make us free. The wrong historical data leads to the horror, as we have seen during the period of demolition of the Babri Masjid. There has been number of concomitant given by the respective community representing to the follower of two prominent religions, but the loss that we have suffered in the shape of hatred between the two section of the society, cannot be compensated without revealing the truth. Unfortunately, the term Hindu communalism is more exaggerated by the fanaticism under the garb of secularism, while the Hindu community as a whole has always been receptive to all the religion. The question, which is cropping its importance, is much more in relations to the question pertaining to Invader contributions to Indian life and culture. Such facts which have been geared to brainwash the subject of the pupil, with that of perverted history under the long spell of foreign rule, may be distorted according to the command of the ruler and as such till date the truth has not brought forward to the surface and is exclusively aliens to the appeasement policy generated in order to rule the parliamentary democratic set up in our country.
21. That the mentalities affect and paralyse the traditional heritage and provide a loss to the integrity of our country. Our ancient ancestors namely Rana Pratap and Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj and Guru Govind Singh during the period of Mughal rulers have not conceded with the terror and torture, they used in proselytization. It is very shameful for the independent citizens to live under the false perception of character assassination. Thus in all fairness, we may be bound to accept that although the Britishers may pose themselves more civilized, but inspite of their so called great insight, there is the historical blunder committed by them, while writing the Indian history in relations to the authorship of the monuments. Invader rulers, without exception were sadist, yet they represent themselves as just, kind and patrons of learning. The construction is seen with all Hindu traditions, while these foreigners, who were either Invader or crusaders have done the destruction of these constructions. These persons were stained with all wickedness and disgraceful conduct, which is still apparent in the society and remain prevalent during a thousand year of rampant Invader communalism, then how we can expect that they have not demolished all the Hindu Temple and converted them with slight modification as their monuments. The township of Ferozabad, Tuglaqabad, Ahmedabad, and Hyderabad are falsely ascribed to that of Sultan, though the same was belonging to our ancient Hindu Rulers. The country in which the milk was available to every citizen without investing any money to the extent of his requirement and consumption has now been adulterd after ruthless killings of our cattle’s by these invaders of the public confidence. Actually “Hinduism” is nothing representing to religious foundations, but our belief, synonymous to nationalism and sooner it may be understood and practiced in such a manner, we may seek the protection of our integrity by saving the population of the innocent citizens.
22. That at Dilwara Jain temple in District Shirohi, Rajasthan having the white Marvel and the Elephants statue, there are still the sign of the atrocities committed by these Mugal invaders having the mass destruction of the construction on the upper portion of structure. However, since the temple lying below the surface was filled up with the mud and earth., this Dilwara Jain Temple having identical construction as that of Taj Mahal and other Marvel buildings could have been saved from these invaders of Humanities. Thus the truth may be exposed to the public that the invaders were never the Builders of monuments, but they were rather the destroyer of our ancient cultural heritage, which was preserved by the 85% of Hindu citizens from the time immortal. Let Hindu be now permitted to save their temple from being converted to the Graveyards any more by our so-called guardians of society under the appeasement policy of “Divide and Rule”.
23. That the mankind must be satisfied with the reasonableness within reach and the decision-making process may belong to the knowledge of the law. Thus the reasonableness and the rationality, legality, as well as philosophically, provide colour to the meaning of fundamental right .The concept of equality is not doctrinaire approach. It is a binding threat, which runs through the entire constitutional text. Thus the affirmative action may be constitutionally valid and the same cannot ignore the constitutional morality, which embraces in itself the doctrine of inequality. It would be constitutionally immoral to perpetuate inequality among majority .The constitution is required to kept young energetic and alive. The attempt be endured to expand the ambit of fundamental right. It is said that the dignity of the ocean lies not in its fury capable of causing destruction, but in its vast extent and depth with enormous tolerance. Thus the wider the power, the higher the need of caution and care, while exercising the power.
24. That public education is essential for functioning of the process of popular government and to assist the discovery of truth and strengthening the capacity of individual in participating in decision making process .The decision making process include the right to know also and pushing the protection beyond the primary level betrays the bigwigs desire to keep the crippled more crippled forever. The education of spiritualism is the foundation for value based survival of human being in a civilized society. The force and sanction hidden behind civilized society depend upon moral value; and the morality cannot be cultivated through the falsehood of ideological barrier. Thus the children may not be required to read such facts, which are having the foundation of falsehood.
25. That our educational institutions are the foundation of the characteristics; on the basis of which; the young generation will solve the problem of national solidatory and integration. The children are taught to adhere with the truth for their existence in future; but the alarming situation linked with the history written by the alien rule has not only nurtured the myth amongst the independent citizens; but many monuments have been falsely credited to the alien Invader rulers, who were driven across the Indian borders at sword point and continued to rule our nation mercilessly without given any importance to the existing palace and the temple built by the inhabitant ancestors of the rulers at the contemporary period.
26. That education is an investment made by the nation in its children for harvesting a future crop of responsible adults productive of a well functioning society. However children are vulnerable. They need to be valued, nurtured, caressed, and protected. Imparting of education is State function. Thus since the human mind is not a tape recorder, it would make a perfect reproduction letter in the society .It is said that every State action must be informed by reason. Thus the freedom of expression, which includes “Right to Know” may be allowed to be enjoyed by the citizen to the fullest possible extent without putting shackles of avoidable cobweb of rules and regulations putting restriction on such freedom. Justice has no favorite, except the truth. A reason varies in its conclusion according to the idiosyncrasy of the individual and the times and the circumstances, in which he thinks.
27. That the terminology of history is derived from Greek word ‘Historia’ meaning there by an enquiry. Since the enquiry is nothing, but the same is attributed to the different branch of knowledge. Thus the inquisitiveness is always generated in educated mind. The history should not be guided solely on etymological terminology. The meaning of ‘Itihas’ which is derivated from a Sanskrit word, leads to three terminology .The first one namely ‘iti’ means such and such (a happening or event),’ha’ means indefinitely while ‘aas’ means happened. Thus the history is chronological happening of the different event during the past period
28. That the Student/children, the future citizens under taking the education of Indian History studying on the misconception/ pattern of Anglo Saxon teaching, which was meant for division of Indian society on the policy of “Divide and Rule”. There is a important question posed, as to whether we have actually gain our independence or we have to undertake another journey full of animosity, aggressism on account of terrorism and fanatic ideology prevalent throughout the World of some particular religion. Thus on account of being sentinel /Guardian at large, this is the voice of the majority of Hindu Citizens to save our ancestral cultural heritage and thereby to give protection to our future citizens. They have the threat of being subjected to atrocities, if the drastic step to save the citizens from the oppression and exposure of falsehood may not be done at an earliest time. Thus every nationalist, who has got a slightest patriotic cult in his inhibition, has got a Fundamental Right and a Constitutional Duty to safeguard our cultural heritage against the falsehood. Imparting of education is a State function. The State, however, having regard to its financial and other constraints is not always in a position to perform its duties. The function of imparting education has been, to a large extent, taken over by the citizens themselves. Some do it as pure charity; some do it for protection of their Interests.
29. That Article 25 of the constitution in India secures to every person, subject of course to public order, health and morality and other provisions of Part III, including Article 17 freedom to entertain and exhibit outward acts as well as to propagate and disseminate such religious belief according to his judgement and conscience for edification of others. The right of the State to impose such restrictions as are desired or found necessary on grounds of public order, health, and morality is inbuilt in Arts. 25 and 26 itself. Article 25(2)(b) ensures the right of the State to make a law providing for social welfare and reforms besides throwing open of Religious institutions of a public character to classes and sections of Citizens and any such rights of State or of the communities or classes of the society were also considered to need with due regulation in the process of harmonizing the various rights. The vision of the founding fathers of the Constitution to liberate the society from blind and ritualistic adherence to mere traditional superstitious beliefs sans reason or rational basis has found expression in the form of Art. 17 of Constitution of India. The protection under Arts. 25 and 26 extends a guarantee for rituals and observances, ceremonies and modes of worship which are integral parts of religion but as to what really constitutes an essential part of religion or religious practice has to be decided by the courts with reference to the doctrine of a particular religion or practices regarded as parts of religion
30. That a society, where there is no moral values, there would neither be social order nor secularism. Bereft of moral values secular society or democracy may not survive. Almighty alone is the dispenser of the absolute justice. Thus an independent and efficient judicial system, belong the repository of omnipotent power is always consider as one of the basic structure of our constitution. The pre-constitutional days cannot be countenanced as a source of law to claim any rights, when it is found to violate human rights, dignity social equality amongst citizen. Democracy cannot survive and the constitution cannot work unless Indian citizens are only learned and intelligent; and they are also of moral character and imbibed the inherent virtue of human being such as truth, love and compassion. Duty of every citizen of India is collective duty of the state.
31. That every citizen of India is fundamentally obligated to develop a scientific temper and humanism .He is fundamentally duty bound to strive towards excellence, in all sphere of individual and collective activity, so that the nation constantly rises to the higher level of endeavor and achievements. Everyone, whether individually or collectively is unquestionably under the supremacy of law. However it is true that exaggerated devotion to the rule of benefit must not nurture fanciful doubts or lingering suspicion and thereby destroy social defense, as the curiosity cannot be the subject matter of fair criticism. Thus the conclusion derived that on one hand, every citizen is having the freedom of speech and expression so far as they do not contravene the statutory limits and may prevail in the atmosphere with out any hindrance. Fundamental duties and the obligation of the citizen may yet provide a valuable guide and aid to interpretation of constitutional issues which not only required for resolving the issues but also to provide guidance to the society. Giving a man his due, one of the basics of justice finds reflected in right to equality .Law frowns upon such conduct thus the court accords legitimacy to possession in due course of time.
32. That the concept of sovereignty was present from the ancient time but the sovereignty was conferred upon an individual who is suppress the wicked and is recognized as great resources in itself like the god of fire, air, sun, moon and religion. The religion in the ancient time was considered as spiritualism and it was not dependent upon any ritual ceremony, but it was considered s the knowledge in the darkness of ignorance and injustice. The sovereignty was supposed to promote the cause of the religion, wealth and enjoyment of life and those, who were voluptuous, malicious, mean and low-minded, were ruined by the retributive justice. Thus the sovereignty was considered as a destroyer of the wicked by fire; a restrainer of the wicked by storm (Varun) and its controller. It was considered to be the dispenser of ease to the best pupil like the moon and a replenisher of wealth. These qualities were the quality of the sovereign power.
33. That now the sovereignty is attributed upon the three institution namely the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. The combined effect of the three institutions makes a democratic society. The legislature is creature like lord Brahma while the executives like lord Vishnu may provide the welfare to the public. The judicial institutions like lord Shiva is the dispenser of justice and is also the protector of all subjects. The law of retributive justice wakes when the people sleep. Hence wise men regard the law or punishment as virtue or religion.
34. That the sovereignty and the people should form three Councils, Educational, Religious, and Administrative. One individual should not have the absolute power of government, the sovereignty being the general president of the councils .The qualifications of the president the presidents of separate councils are their interest in the welfare of the country, their excellence of learning and character, and their influence over the people. A country prospers as long as the people are righteous. Also their welfare requires the appointment of learned educational officers, appointment of learned men as the dignitaries of the spiritual council and of virtuous learned men as administrators. Obedience to law is required of all.
35. That the secularism is the basic structure of constitution and as such in absence of study of religion for generating brotherhood amongst the fellow citizens as to provide mutual coordination and the ideology of live and let live to other is the basic education, which cannot be said as an attempt against the secular philosophy of the constitution .The constitution as it stands does not proceed on the “melting pot theory” while it represents a “salad bowls”, where there is homogeneity without any obliteration of identity . The foundation of the religion is spiritualism, which is based on trust and confidence and an ability to strive for the good self of the other individual. The law must be enforceable to preserve the society with out any derivation and hindrance and thus it may not resultantly face the social catastrophe.
36. That the little Indian shall not be hijacked from the course of freedom by mob muscle method and thereby to subtle perversion of discretion by other large Indian “dressed in little, brief authority”. The people of our country has right to know every public Act and the principle of finality may not be insisted upon as the maxim “interest reipublicae ut sit finis litiun”. Wisdom and advisability of public policy may be demonstrated in order to given effect to the statutory provisions under our constitution thus an inquiry and investigation may be needed a complete with the opinion of the expertise to arrive a conclusion as to whether the plurability in a society is not splited the very object of the law through appeasement to the minority group of the citizen in order to provide a conducive political social and legal framework with out destroying the very fabric on the basis of which the pillar and the foundation were built in order to assimilate the minorities with the majority.
37. That the Hon’ble court may never venture to disown its jurisdiction when the constitution is found to be at stake and the fundamental rights of the citizen are under fire of falsehood and thereby usurpation of the power by terrorizing for personal leisure and pleasure through self created dogmas and rituals of particular religion at the cost of other citizens. Thus the exposure of the falsehood may become the right of the affected party to vanish the assertion based on unpatriotic sentimental perversity.
38. That in Bijoe Emmanuel Vs State of Kerala (1986) 3 SCC 615, the question raised in the aforesaid case, as to whether three children who were faithful to “Jehovah’s witnesses” may refuse to sing our national anthem or salute the national flag of our country despite being the student in the school, where during morning assembly, the national anthem is sung by other children. The circular issued by the Director of Public Instruction, Kerala provided obligation of school children to sing the National Anthem. Thus these children were expelled. The Hon’ble Supreme court while setting aside the aforesaid order of expulsion of the children from the school was pleased to examine, as to whether the children faithful to “Jehovah’s witnesses”, a worldwide sect of Christianity may be compelled against tenets of their religious faith duly recognized and well established all over the world which was upheld by the highest court in United States of America, Australia and Canada and find recognition in Encyclopedia Britannica. It was held that the appellants truly and conscientiously believed that their religion does not permit them to join any rituals except it them in their prayers to Jehovah, their God. Though their religious beliefs may appear strange, the sincerity of their beliefs is beyond question. They do not hold their beliefs idly and their conduct is not the outcome of any perversity. The appellants have not asserted the beliefs for the first time or out of any unpatriotic sentiments. Their objection to sing is not just against the National Anthem of India. They have refused to sing other National Anthems elsewhere. They are law abiding and well-behaved children, who do stand respectfully and would continue to do so, when National Anthem is sung. Their refusal, while so standing to join in the singing of the National Anthem is neither disrespectful of it, nor inconsistent with the Fundamental Duty under Article 51 A (a). Hence no action should have been taken against them.
39. That in a pluralistic society like India, which accepts secularism as the basic ideology to govern its secular activities, education can include study based on “Religious Pluralism”. Religious pluralism exclusivism and encourages inclusivism. Thus in pluralistic society, it is necessary that there may not be any encroachment upon the follower of other ideology. Value based education is likely to help the mission to fight against all the kinds of prevailing fanaticism, ill will, violence, dishonesty, corruption and terrorism in the different form Citizens by getting the protection to a certain degree of preference to the minority on the cost of majority of citizen .The education is permissible only on the grounds of convenience, suitability and familiarity with an educational environment but the same should not be excessive to the substantial departure of tolerance and based on practically not existent intolerable fanatic ideological aggressism .
40. That the prevalent socio-economic system having the vast majority of the people, ignorant uneducated and easily liable to be mislead may also be provided their due legitimization in governance of their life as they repose tremendous faith in the secularism .It is the constitutional obligation of the state to provide the justice by emancipation of the falsehood as the commitment of Article 19 (1) (a), providing right of expression to an individual. It may be unreasonable if we are unable to give the exact definition of reasonableness to the people in a democratic institution .Law cannot afford any favorite other than truth as the manifest injustice is curable in nature; rather than incurable mediocrity over meritocracy, which cuts the root of justice. Protective push or prop by way of reservation or classification must withstand any over generous approach to the section of the beneficiary, if it handles the effect of destroying another’s right to education, more so, by pushing in a mediocre over meritorious and thereby belies the hope of generating the social coordination.
41. That long slavery, paradoxically enough, makes the slave to look upon the very change that bind him as his life support. This story was told to the convict in ancient time and who was confined in the dingy cell for fifteen years. After fifteen year the detainee was set free and he gingerly step out of the prison gate. His eyes, which were used to the dim light wilted at the bright sunshine outside everything including traffic, the gazing eyes were the strange look to the detainee and as such he felt terrified. He took a long look at the outside world and thereafter he inhaled a deep breath and there after by a sudden dash he again reached to his dog’s tether in the cell as his imprisonment has sapped his self-confidence. This is what has happened in India.
42. That this feeling utter destitution, dejection, desperation and the loss of all confidence is the result of our slavery, by which the Indians have forgotten their own past history, lost freedom and obliviousness of the delights of an unfettered life thus it is necessary to keep the flame of the truth burning in the heart of every enlightened citizen as the majority of the public is unaware of the truth.
43. That the glory of our country may only be restored when our traditional heritage culture may revive, when every citizen may get the rid from adulterated history. The historical concepts, which have been distorted during the long period of slavery, may become a task of utmost importance and urgency. An inadequate understanding on impressionable citizen has resulted in the further accessibility in implanting the misleading concepts and thereby breaking the heads and idols of the fellow citizen due to the segmentation of the society in many composition.
44. That the true history must atleast be written in the contemporary language and it should remain independent from interpolation, otherwise the very existence of our cultural heritage may be evaporated from the sight of the future generation. The Governor General, Lord Auckland, and young lieutenant Alexander Cunningham conceived indigenous scheme of misusing the archaeological studies. This young Cunnigham, an army engineer had no training in the archaeological department, he wrote a lengthy letter dated September 15, 1842 suggesting archeological exploration in India. This letter is reproduced on page no 246 Volume 7 journal of Royal Asiatic Society, London, 1843 A. D. It discloses that the purpose of archeological exploration in India is neither the study; nor preservation of historical monuments, but to use archeology as the imperial tool to create mutual dissension and resentment between Buddhists, Jains and other Hindu with Invaders by falsely crediting all monuments to the authorship to alien invaders while few may be labeled as that of being constructed by Buddhist or Jain, but not by Hindus.
45. That the indo-saranice theory of architecture is the existence of Hindu patrons in all medieval monuments thus it is necessary that the credit must be given to such Hindu artists who designed the monuments. It may not be given to medieval cruelty and fanaticism adopted by chauvinistic Invader invaders. The infidel designs on each and every Invader mosque and tomb reveals the tolerance of Hindu citizens who were subjected to the cruelty and terrorism from the last one thousand years. This article does not reflect any animosity between the different section of the society but this is a description of sum of the thought provocating a revelation in relations to the blunder committed by the Historian on the foundation of sacrosanct concepts.
46. That the pioneer, In English daily newspaper of Lucknow it was observed that “The Archeological survey of India reports (brought out under Alexander Cunningham) are feeble, inane and all but useless and the Government has reasons to be ashamed of the majority of the volume. It appears that Cunningham planted false Invader cenotaphs inside Hindu building, inserted Koranic over writing on Hindu edifices and sponsored the fabrication of documents to be given to Invader caretaker for conversion of the Hindu Building like Taj Mahal, Red fort, Fatehpur Sikri, Sikandara, Etmadudullah built by Hindu rulers to the Invader monuments. Let us begin with the dubious instance of 230-ft. high tower called as Qutub Minar to which historian claims to have been built by Qutuubbdin Aibak from 1206-1210 A.D. The other historian claims that it was built by his son- in- law and successor Iltmash, while other claim it to be built by Allauddin Khilji. The fourth view is of Ferozshah Tuglaq, while the fifth view is that all these rulers jointly or severely built the tower. Everyone knows that there is no basis for the above assertion. But the public knows the truth by mere seeing the sight of Qutub Minar that the same is having so many deity and temple adjoining to this monument. The true copy of report published in Hindustan Times regarding the sign of maker of Taj Mahal published on 6th July 2004 is filed as Annexure No. 8 .
47. That these historians may be impeached for gross dereliction of their duty and for committing cheating upon the conscience of the public. The truth is not amenable to all individual as no one could dare to become vigilant enough and to collect true version about the mediaeval township of Hindu rulers. We therefore caution the world of history not to place any faith in Anglo-Invader translations of Invader lettering or documents made hitherto.it is submited that The number of report regarding the authorship of Taj Mahal, Fatehpur-sikiri published in Amar Ujala on the basis of the reserch condect by its Senior Sub-Editer Sri Bhanu Pratap Singh Resident of Shastri-puram, Bodala Road, Sinkandra, Agra shell be produced at the time of arguments.
48. That the Later Percy Brown, James Ferguson, Sir Kenneth Clarke, Sir Bannister Fletcher and Encyclopaedia Britannica orchestrated the same cunning tune of Cunnigham. That resulted in firmly establishing and perpetuating a colossal archaeological fraud which is being sedulously taught all over the world as profound academic truth and is echoed in newspaper articles and telecasts for over a century. Cunningham’s suggestion was obviously highly appreciated. Because when he retired from the army as a Major General he was straightaway appointed the first archeological surveyor of India in 1861,as director from 1862 to 1865 and as Director General from 1871 to 1885. Thus the historical data based on archeological study conducted by Cunningham are scheming brain of notorious design regarding their vagueness and deceptive notions. The archeological survey of India was dramatically closed from 1861 to 1865 when the two assistant of Cunningham namely J D Beglar and Carlleyle took over the charge and prepare the list of historical monuments with fabricated historical records. Consequently persons working around the world as the expert Invader known as Saracenic architecture in museum became the pseudo experts unwittingly perpetuating the fraud with the people. T he historical cities were converted to Islam and the pre Invader edifices built according to the Vedic architecture were vanished from existence.
49. That the ancient Indian history is remarkable from the time of the epic of Ramayana and Mahabharata. There are the evidence that their exists the Hindu palaces having the creation of it by the marble and other precious stone. In the ancient time there was sculpture based on our ethical and religious concepts. The cultural heritage was in existence in the form of iron pillars, the mandate of the ruler on copper scripts and the creation of the artistic image indicating civilization on the different religious temple of the contemporary period. These were the valuable antiques, which were ruthlessly destructed by the foreign invaders. The portraits of the ruler and their identification could be seen on the rocks and coins of the relevant period, which are hidden inside the earth due to the barbaric destruction of our Hindu heritage. The prominent place of these heritage found are at Mohinjaddeo, Harrapa (Sind), Takshila (Punjab), Kaushambi, Sarnath, Mathura(Uttar Pradesh), Patilaputra , Nalanda(Bihar), Rajgiri , Sanchi, Burhotra (Madhya Bharat),Agadi, Vanvasi, Talkand and Maski(south).
50. That there has been number of articles written by foreign visitors/delegates/diplomat and ambassadors amongst whom Magastahenes from Domiscus (Syria) and Deoneses (Egypt) are prominent .The descirption of the great ruler Sri Chandragupta Maurya may be found in the writing of Magasthenes. The Chinese writer Faiyan left the glimpse of Vikramaditya period thereafter Honchong came to India and remained here for about 15 years who has described the period of Harshvardhan religious and social coordination. Harshvardhan was the prominent ruler of our nation. At the last we may get some description from the article of Alavruni who came along with Mohammed Ghaznavi and examined the traditions of Hindu which are described in (Tahikate hind )
51. That thus the civilization at Sindh river at Harappa has got the enormous storing capability of the food articles which were distribute by the Hindu rulers during their ‘Anusthan’ in the different part of our country .The discovery of ‘Godam’ meant for storage of the grains is still found in Harrapa civilization which has become a part of Pakistan after th division of our country. It is evident that the people of the contemporary period were having their expertise in molding the copper pots for storage of the valuable herbal extracts meant for providing the cure from the ailments. All these cultural heritage of our Hindu civilization has not been preserved by our archeological department.
52. That the period of destruction after reaching to the optimum heights after the propagation of Jain religion and Buddhism, may be relate back from the period of Ajatshatru, Nand Samrajya when Sikander invaded our country in 267 B.C. at Peshawar. He fought a battle from King Puru near Jhelum river and due to natural calamity of unprecedented rains, the elephant could not provide any impact upon aggressors, who were fully equipped to fight the Guerilla battle. The defeat of King Abhishad in Kashmir was the beginning of external invasion by the foreign invaders.
53. That during the Maurya dynasty, the King Chandragupta Maurya, who was getting instructions from great Chanakya had successfully defeated Celucus but subsequently he entered with a compromise with Chandragupta Maurya as a result of which Chandragupta got eastern part of Unan namely aria, archosia, gadrosia and paronishdi. Chandragupta Maurya subsequently married with the daughter of King of Unan. Thus our country under the domination of the dynasty of Chandragupta Maurya was extended up to Unan to Mysore in the south. Thus except Kashmir and Kalinga the boundary our country was extended upto Afghanistan and Baluchistan. But unfortunately the period of Chandragupta Maurya could not remain intact. There was the revolt at tatshila which was suppressed during the reign of Bindusar by great ruler of our nation namely Ashoka the great. King Ashoka fought a battle with Kalinga and in this manner the dimension of the area, which was extended upto Baluchistan was further extended from makaram, sindh, kutch, kyauli, swat ki vally, but Kashmir Nepal and Assam remained in exclusion to the aforesaid domination.
54. That subsequently Great King Ashoka became the disciple of Lord Buddha and he has started expansion to the percepts of the religion by having the affixation of the symbolic predomination adhered with the aforesaid religion. He constructed the Ashoka pillars from mono block of a rock. On the top of which, there was the symbolic resemblance of four lion, while in midst, there was a chakra comprising of 24 arches and the Bull and the elephants scriptures were carved out in the middle of the single rock, below which, there was the lotus in the downward directions. The symbolic resemblance of the lotus became a tradition for construction of the temple. Thus we may find out that wherever the lotus is evident on any monument with the scripture like the vegetable leafs, grapes, peacock and other religious offering provided to the deity kept inside the temple.
55. That the foundations of Invader were based on the concepts of destruction of the existing values prevalent amongst the Buddha and Hindu religion. Although, it is widely accepted that prior to the creation of other Religion, every one was himself initially the follower of Hindu religion. He was initially opposed to existence of other religious adomination. There was the preaching, that whosoever he might be, he does not follow the Islam, then, there may be the army of Invader followers, who may terrorise him for conversion to them. In this process if there may be the use of terrorism by showing of it the follower of other religion may loose the confrontation in the expansion of Invader fundamentalist then even they use to profess the aforesaid crusade. Thus after the existence of such a drastic army of the crusaders, there was no possibility that the other peace loving religion may still remain in existence. Unfortunately Hindu, Jain, Buddh religion followers were dependent upon the policy of non-violence, peace and tranquillity and under their religious philosophy i.e, the entire world is likes a family of the different ideology.
56. That the beginning of the Invader invasion in our country starting from the time of Mohammed Bin Quasim in 712 A.D., there was the gruesome murder committed of King Daher and thereafter his two daughters after outraging their modesty were handed over by Mohammed Bin Quasim to his uncle namely Abdul Abbass of Oman. However the Invader ruler after been instigated by the daughters of the King Daher got this Mohammed Bin Quasim death by putting him alive inside the leather of the cow for invading the chastity of two girls prior to their offering to Sultan. This was the beginning of destruction of our cultural heritage by these ruthless invaders. The description of it may be seen in a book written by R. C. Mazumdar namely the ‘Arab mission of India’.
57. That Sultan Mohammed Ghaznavi robbed Somenath temple. Ultimately after invading and defeating the different Rajput rulers for more than seventeen time from the year of 1000 to 1026 A.D. This man was the follower of Islamic fanatism, who destructed many temples during his aggression. Abdul Fateh Daud,a Invader ruler of Sultan was so terrified that he offered his apology to Mohammed Ghaznavi and at the same time Jaypal who committed the suicide instead of being surrendered before Mohammed Ghaznavi, his son Anand Pal was also defeated near Peshawar. In the sixth attack committed upon our nation by Mohammed Ghaznavi. Anand Pal thereafter associate of the King of Ujjain, Gwalior, kalingar, kannuanj, Delhi and Ajmer, but due to the division in the army , Mohammed Ghaznaviu again defeated him and thereafter the he attacked on the Palace of Nagarkot Kingdom. These invasions started from the year of 1007 upto 1027 A.D. continued to remain near Sindhsagar Navnandh, Yagesghwar, Barran, Mahram, Mathura, Kalinjar and ultimately at Katiabad due to disintegrity of the Hindu rulers. Ultimaley Mohhamed Ghaznavi died on 30th April 1030.
58. That the journey of Shahabuddin Mohammed Gauri started from 1176 to 1178 for the victory of Multan and Kutch. He conducted so many attacks with the help of King of Jammu upto 1186. He entered in Gujrat, but Mool Raj the King of Anhilavada got him defeated. However in 1191, he conquered Malinga and Shar-Hind, which included the territory of Delhi. Thus Delhi and Ajmer remained under his domination, while he attacked at Kannuaj, Chandivada (near Etawah), Gwalior and Vijana. Gayasuddin Mohammed Gauri died in 1102.
59. That the reason for the defeat of Rajput rulers was on account of the fact, which is exhibited by the recital of Turk aggressors that there is the survival of the fittest. There was no morality in the Hindu army and as such the Invader rulers defeated them. The main reasons for the defeat were the caste system and idol worships prevalent at the relevant time. The intellectuals were side tracked and the society was divided into much segmentation in which Kshatriya only were considered to be the fighting class amongst the Hindus. Hindu Religion was based on diversity of different caste, Creed, Sects and Multiplicity of Religion The citizens were having the orthodox feeling and they were very much living under the domination of superstitions. This was the reason that the Hindus were subjected to the cruelty by the foreign invaders.
60. That the Kutubuddin Aibak appointed a Invader governor upon Ajmer. He expanded the territory of Mohammed Guari to Meerut, Jhansi, Kol, and Runthambor. He converted many temples into Invader Mosques at Gwalior and Anhilvada. Bakhtiyaruddin Khilji invaded Bengal at the time of Kutubbuddin. There were many rulers namely Aalathmus, Razia Sultana, Naseeruddin Mohammed, Tuglaq Khan, and ultimately Jalaluddin Khilji came to the power. But his real nephew and son-in-law Allauddin Khilji trapped him and killed as a traitor. He committed the murder of Jallaluddin’s sons namely Aktali khan and Rukunniddin. This Allauddin after getting his enemy killed became the ruler to control the governance of the occupied territory. There was the stability in respect of the price of food grains. The cow was sold at one by third cost of the goat during his period. However Alluaddin died in the year of 1316 A.D.
61. That the starting of Gayasuddin Tuglaq and after his death one Mohammed Tuqlaq who was called as a symbol of many contradictions at the same time he was intelligent and cruel while on the other hand he was a religious and lunatic but he was called as unfortunate idealistic who shifted his capital from Delhi to Devgiri at Daulatabad .The successor of Mahmmaed Tuglaq was Feroz Tuglaq who developed the government farm and made the invention for the rotation of the crops. He converted many Hindu monuments and all these monument description is described at Fatauath- e-ferozshahi .The cities were known as Feroza, Ferozabad, Hissar, Jaunpur and Fatehabad during his time period. He created a army of the slaves comprising of about one lakh eighty thousand people belonging to the inhabitant of the same place where he was the conqueror. After the end of Tuglaq dynasty the Taimur dynasty completely vanished the remains of Tuglaq rluers. However soon the Taimur dynasty appointed Khijr Khan as there representative who created Syed regime. It has been said by the great German philosopher Gete that the success and the defeat are the part of the same coin as the joy and sorrow are reactionary and the unity is disintegrity are the reflections of the same quality. This was also the reason that after Mohhamed tuglaq there was the extinction of Invader dynasty and there was the beginning of Hindu rulers at Vijaynagar.
62. That the correspondent of BBC, London Times, Derspegel, New York Times ,Washington Post ,Christian Science ,Monitor Times and ‘life’ weekly’s continue to misrepresent these Hindu Building as that of Invader origin. The freedom of expression continues to ruthlessly suppress the truth about these historical buildings belonging to the pre-Invader origin. These Historian have meticulously calculatively kept their readership ignorant regarding the truth of pre–existing palaces and temple prior to declare them the building as Invader monuments.
63. That now our government has provided the restriction for taking even the photograph of the prominent historical buildings in India under the guise of archeological department as to maintain the status quo regarding the falsehood created by the historian and to avoid the alleged animosity between the majority class of the Hindu with the minority Invader. It has been revealed by Encyclopaedias Islamia that the Arabia itself obliterated all its past history by destroying image before the foundation of Islam. The origin of Kaba which is the central shrine is in itself a Hindu temple surrounded by huge shrine consisting of 360 HIndu images belonging to Indian king Vikarmaaditya who founded them in 58 B.C. Even the word ‘Allah’ is a Sanskrit word signifies “Mother or goddess“ while mekha (Makka) in Sanskrit signifies a sacrificial fire of Vedic worship prevalent during the pre Islamic days. The monuments have not only been destroyed in the peninsula of arvasthan belonging to King Vikramaditya, which was captured by the Arabian during the Islamic invasion. The intriguing aspect of regarding the existence of Shivalinga in Kaba shrine in Mecca is well known as sun-gay aswad that is of black stone. It is still a misfortunate part on the majority of Hindu Citizens that the income collected from the temples of Karnataka is distributed to about 80% of its share to the Haze piligrimage, where there is the slaughtering of the 2500 cows and camale as that of the rituals.
64. That the poetic composition of pre Islamic Arabian poets kept in famous library called as Makahtab-e-Sultania in Istambul in turkey contains the biographic details of these pre Islamic construction while the second part embodies the period beginning just after prohphet Mohammaed upto the end of Vanee- umaya dynasty resembling the Sanskrit name of Krishnayya voice. There has been a big signboard few mile away from Mecca banning the entry of any non Invader in the area. This signboard signifies the period shrine was stormed and captured by the invader having their faith in Islam. The same position is visualized at Azmer sharif where there is still the covering over the Shivalinga for which the Islamic follower are strictly providing the vigilance as it may not be disclosed the existence of the Temple of Lord Shiva. Thus it be go on searching the different historical facts with the open eyes we will find that there are ample evidence to deflate the Indo- Saracenic architecture theory bubble.
65. That there is thus a valid reason why Hindus are not in a position to produce any documentary evidence with regard to the Hindu origin of fort. Even then we maintain that if a systematic archaeological excavation is undertaken inside the fort and if its dingy cellars and basements are opened and scoured they may still reveal Sanskrit inscriptions and idols smashed and buri

It is really ironical that in

It is really ironical that in this land of Vedas which gave the world the Godly Knowledge since the creation of the universe and though belatedly the United Nations has acknowledged the RigVeda to be the oldest text in this world but unfortunately, after Mahabharata, we got deprived of our ancient glory and that war was a great setback in our history. History of Mahabharata dates back to 5000 years which is much earlier than all the presently known religions/faiths/sects all over the world. So who can question the ancient status of Vedas, Ramayana and Mahabharata? It may be pertinent to mention here that according to the internal evidence in the Vedas, this creation came into being 1,96,08,53,110 years ago and the Vedas also came to be revealed simultaneously through the medium of Divine language ‘Sanskrit’ which is universally recognized to be mother of all the languages.

The decline since Mahabharata has been so evident that this land ARYAVARATA has got squeezed in its span and its inhabitants who were called “ARYAS or ARYANS” were labeled by invaders with the nomenclature of being HINDUS. The term Hindu does not occur in any of our ancient scriptures viz. Vedas, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagwadgita or even Puranas. Our plight can be gauged through this very basic fact that we wear an identity imparted to us by our invaders.

Please be mindful that Rama and Krishna have been referred to as Aryaputras in our texts and so we all are Aryans, the original inhabitants of this Aryavarata and the theories categorizing the Aryans to be invaders have been disproved because they were propagated to belittle or denigrate our glorius heritage and the Western scholars succeeded in their design under the leadership of Mackauley who systematically robbed us of our language, culture and faith.
Of course, before the British Rule, the Mughals also did enormous harm and there were mass-scale conversions and our values were just annihilated by the prowess of their rule and Islam spread under their rule and the Britishers injected Christianity into this land. One can clearly understand and apprehend that most of the Christians and Muslims in this country are converts and this land absorbed all these faiths because of its magnanimity.

Despite its magnanimity, it lost its own lustre because of our own drawbacks and social weaknesses adopted by blind faith in dogmas and our position has now come to such a pass that RAMA & KRISHNA are now declared to be myths by our newly emerging Secularists and they call Hindus as communalists and they have belittled our saffaron colour as communal, which is the symbol of renunciation and sacrifice. Our biased historians have done us immense damage and our present national leaders only aim to score ballot-points and even question existence of Rama and the Ram-Setu. IT IS NEED OF THE HOUR THAT ALL INDIANS WHO ARE DESCENDENTS OF THE ARYANS & PRESENTLY KNOWN AS HINDUS SHOULD AWAKEN TO THE REALITY & RE-DISCOVER AND EMBRACE THE QUALITIES OF RAMA & KRISHNA TO BE WORTHY SONS & DAUGHTERS OF THE SACRED BHARATVARSHA AND DEFEAT THE DESIGNS OF NON-BELIEVERS OF RAMA & KRISHNA.

Uniqueness of RAMA

The name of Rama is embedded in the soul of each Indian and son of this soil and this is also acknowledged by our leftist historian Sri Ram Sharan Sharma (who incidentally has also the word Ram in his name) who says “Ram is not a historical figure. We don’t find proof of his existence in the pages of history. But let me clarify, he is in the minds and souls of millions of people”. Thank God he has at least admitted and clarified that Lord Rama is in the minds and souls of millions of people and not the creation of those fundamentalists and communal Hindus. Our leftist historians and the present government only pays lip service to Rama and describe our idols as myths to prove themselves to be secularist.

The Hindi phrase ‘Ram- Ram or Jai Ramji ki’ could be heard in any remote corner of this country from an unlettered rustic to a learned sophisticated individual as an address of salutation and that has become a part of Indian life. Even the father of our nation Mahatma Gandhi had Rama as his ideal and dreamt of Ram-Rajya. His last words were ‘He Ram!’ In December 1947, as if in anticipation of his death, he wrote: "In the end it will be as Rama commands me. Thus I dance as He pulls the strings. I am in His hands and so I am experiencing ineffable peace." Gandhi had often expressed a desire to die with the words "He Ram!" on his lips (CWMG 90:489), and in his last prayer meetings he often described "Ramanama", or the constant invocation of the name of Ram, as the "best medicine". Vinoba Bhave also described such views in his booklet “Ram-Nam – Ek Chintan’. Now though Gandhi has become a symbol of an ideology for all the major Indian
political parties but no one cares about his teachings and values. Prohibition is one such evil which Gandhiji wished to remove but it has now gained patronage under the rule of his ardent followers. It is again an irony of fate that some personal belongings of Gandhiji - A watch and some utensils etc. were acquired through an auction by a liquor baron Mr.Vijya Maulya. We long to possess his articles or physical property but do not care for the values and ethics he believed and propagated in his life. It is nothing else but hypocrisy. It is noteworthy that Rishi Valmiki described RAMA as the true embodiment of DHARAMA describing him in the phrase as : RAMO-HI-VIGRAHVAN DHARMA and further writing about his steadfastness in deeds and actions he wrote : RAMO DVI NA-ABHI BHASHATE i.e. Rama sticks to whatever he utters.
Name of RAMA in Sri Guru Granth Sahib

The word ‘Rama’ occurs 2,400 times in Sri Guru Granth Sahib and it depicts the intensity with which our Sikh Gurus revered Rama and in fact it is found that there are 15,028 references dealing with the concepts or names of Hindu Gods in this sacred Granth.

Guru Nanak, Babur and Babri Masjid

The founder of Sikh religion Shri Guru Nanak (1469-1538) who was contemporary of Babur
(1483-1530) who happened to be founder of the Mughal dynasty. Babur shared his anscester Timur’s penchant for Hindu head-hunting. Both the Ghazis were extremely fond of raising towers of severed Hindu heads. In 1528-9, Mir Baqi, a Mughal commander, by Babur’s order destroyed the temple at Ayodhya commemorating Lord Rama’s birthplace and built a mosque in its place.
Shri Guru Nanak was moved by the unspeakable suffering of the Hindus so deeply that he asked the Creator how He could tolerate such a carnage. He said - “God took Khurasan under his wings and exposed India to the terrorism of Babur.” “The Creator takes no blame to himself: It was death disguised as a Mughal that made war on us. When there was such slaughter, such groaning, didst thou not feel pain?” Nanak was an eyewitness to such destruction: temples as strong as thunderbolt were set on fire, said Nanak. "Than mukam jale bij mandar muchhi muchhi kuir rula'ia" — in Nanak's own words. Babar’s destruction of the temple at Ayodhya was no isolated case, but just routine, all part of a day's work as a Ghazi, a muslim religious warrior. Babar considered it his sacred duty to destroy the temples.

Gosvāmī Tulsīdās (1532-1623) having seen the condition in his times under the Mughal rule wrote his monumental work Rāmacaritamānasa to awaken the Indian society with a message to adopt and inculcate the virtues of RAMA in their life and this book became a household guide and a respectble scripture of Hindus in particular and it is recited by the devotees all over the world.
Valmiki’s Ramayana
Indian scholars believe RAMA to have been born during the end of traita and so the time of Ramayana and Rama’s birth works out to be about 10 lakhs years ago. But according to Vayu purana, this works to be atleast 1,80,00,000 years ago. In Ramayana, Rishi Valmiki clearly says that it is the historical events he is narrating. No body has denied the historicity of Valmiki. Moreover Valmiki has provided the history of forefathers of Shri Rama and Mahakavi Kalidas has also thrown light on the lineage of Raghu and his successors in his work entitled Raguvansham. Secondly, Lav and Kush, the sons of Shri Rama were born and brought up in Valmiki’s ashram. Further, there are many places, such as Rameshwaram, Nasik, Panchavati, Chitrakoot, Ayodhya etc. from time immemorial which are associated with Shri Rama. This work narrates the journey of virtue to annihilate vice and is a mirror of the Aryan culture and civilization. Rama is an ideal in his role as a
son,friend,brother,husband,king and he came to be designated as MARYADA PURUSHOTTAM for all the humanity i.e. he is classified as a perfect human being but being an embodiment of all the Godly virtues, he is regarded as an incarnation of the God Vishnu.

GLOBAL PICTURE OF RAMA’S EXISTENCE
( exctracts from the article by Shri Rajbir Arya on website www.satyavidya.org )

1) RAMAYANA IN RUSSIA AND MANGOLIA:-
The Deccan Herald, dated 15 Dec 1972, at its front page gave a news item which states that in Elista, capital of Kalmyk in Russia, story relating to Ramayana had been published. The news further states that various legends of Ramayana are popular among people of Kalmyk. Various version of Ramayana are already stored at libraries in Kalmyk. The news clearly states that legends of Ramayana are very popular since times immemorial. Domodin Suren, a Russian writer, has compiled various legends popular among Mongolian and Kalmyk people. Prof C F Glostunky`s manuscript 'Academy of sciences' is stored at Siberian Branch of erstwhile U S S R. That book deals with various legends popular along the coast of Volga river. This manuscript is in Kalmyk language. In Leningrad also various books dealing with stories of Ramayana in Russian and Mangolian languages are preserved.

2) RAMAYANA IN CHINA:-
In China, collection of Jatak stories relating various events of Ramayana, belonging to 251 AD. were complied by KANG_SENG_HUA . Another book, of 742 AD, relating story of plight of Dasratha after Rama was ordered to go for Vanvasa is still found in China. Similarly in 1600 AD, His-Yii-Chii wrote a novel with title Kapi (monkey) dwelling on the stories of Ramayana, predominantly that of Hanuman.

3) RAMAYANA IN SRILANKA:-
Naresh Kumar Dhatusena alias Kumardasa, who ruled Srilanka in 617 AD wrote 'Janakiharan'. This is the oldest Sanskrit literature available in Srilanka. In Modern times C Don Bostean and Jhon d`silva have written stories based on Ramayana. Till today majority of population adore and revere Rama and Sita.
In 2007, ZEE TV broadcast a programme entitled ‘Mil Gaye Ram’ , and it referred to the report of the Committee appointed by Sri Lanka Government to find out the truth about Ravana and it reported the existence of five aerodromes for Pushpak Vimanas of Ravana, Ashok-Vatika where Sitaji was kept by Ravana after her abduction and other places connected with Ramayana. While from the ZEE TV revelations, it can be inferred that the incidents narrated in the Ramayana in respect of abduction of Sitaji by Ravana and thereafter have historic basis, and confirms that Ramayana is part of our history and not simply an epic.

4) RAMAYANA IN COMBODIA(KAMPUCHIA):-
Various rock inscription belonging to 700 AD are found in Khmer region of Combodia. These rock inscriptions are based on stories of Ramayana. Various temples constructed during the reign of Khmer dynasty depicts the story of Ramayana on their wall. The temples of Ankor are very famous for the stories of Ramayana and Mahabharata. These temples belong to the earlier part of 400 AD to 700 AD. One astonishing fact in these engraved pictures is that Hanuman and rest other Vanars are not shown with tail as against the popular belief of masses.

5) RAMAYANA IN INDONESIA:-
According to De Casperis, there was temple named 'Chandi loro jongrong' which have stories of Ramayana engraved on its walls. This temple was of 9th century AD. In Indonesia, another version of stories of Ramayana named Kakavin is very popular. This story was bit different from that of Prambanan . Besides that various other version of Ramayana stories were known in early centuries after Christ which itself proves that Ramayana was very popular among Indonesian people before advent of Islam. It is also an astonishing fact that first international convention on Ramayana was organized in Indonesia few years back.

6) RAMAYANA IN LAOS:-
Local people when pronounce Loas in their language it phonetically sounds like the name of one of the sons of Rama. Besides temple of Vat- she-fum and Vat-pa-Kev remains depicts the story of Ramayana on their walls. Whereas temples of Vat-pra-kev and Vat-sisket are having books containing epic of Ramayana. Lafont, French traveller translated story of 'Pa laka-Pa lama' in his book named P`ommachak in French. This book also deals with story of Ramayana popular among masses of Laos.

7) RAMAYANA IN THAILAND:-
Stories of Ramayana are still very popular among masses. In early centuries after Christ, many kings have Rama as either prefix or suffix in their name who ruled this country. Just like as in India we organize play of Ramayana, similarly various dramatic versions of Ramayana are oraganised in Thailand till today. Similar dramatic versions of Ramayana are still organized in various South East Asian countries like Indonesia, Malaysia, Combodia etc.

8) RAMAYANA IN MALAYSIA:-
In Malaysia till today plays are oraganised based on the stories of 'HIKAYAT SERI RAMA' written in 14 century AD,. Dalang society organizes nearly 200-300 plays relating to Ramayana. Before commencement of the play people conduct various prayers and abulations revering RAMA and SITA.

9) RAMAYANA IN BURMA:-

King Kayanjhitha who reigned during 1084 –1112 AD; regarded himself as descendant of clan of Rama. Various books relating to the stories of Ramayana as earlier as 15 century AD are still found in Burma. Books like 'Kavyadarsh' , 'Subhasit Ratanidhi' are based on the stories of Ramayana. Zhang-Zhungpa, Commentary of Ramayana was written by Taranath, which is not available in modern times. In Burma also various forms of plays are conducted based on the stories of Ramayana.

10) RAMAYANA IN NEPAL:-
Oldest version of Ramayana, belonging to 1075 AD is still found in Nepal.

11) RAMAYANA IN PHILIPINES:-

Effect of stories of Ramayana can easily be felt in the customs, traditions and legends of majority of masses. Prof Juon R Francisco found that among Marineo Muslims, legend based on Ramayana is popular, in which Rama has been depicted as Incarnation of God. Similarly among Magindanao or Sulu folk Muslims also various legends based on the stories of Ramayana are popular.

12) RAMAYANA IN IRAN:

In Hyderabad city, capital of Andhra Pradesh, there is museum named Salarjung. There is one portrait which is depicting a burly monkey having a very big stone in its hand. This portrait reminds one of Hanuman holding Dronagiri. Similarly Marco Polo in his book (translated by Sir Henry Yule in English) wrote at page no 302, vol II about a peculiar belief among Muslims, spread from Afghanistan to Morocco and Algeria. These Muslims believed that members of imperial house of Trebizond were endowed with short tails while medieval continentals had like stories about Englishmen.

13) RAMAYANA IN EUROPE:

In Italy, when excavations were carried out in the remains of Astrocon civilization, then various houses were found having peculiar type of paintings on their wall. These paintings, on close investigation, seem to be based on the stories of Ramayana. Some of the paintings show peculiar persons having tails along with two men bearing bows and arrow on their shoulders, while a lady is standing besides them. These paintings are of 7 century BC. It should be remembered that once Astrocon civilization was spread over 75 % of Italy.
Sir Henry Yule in his translation of works of Marcopolo has referred to the belief prevalent among Medieval Europeans that their ancestors were having small tails. The same fact has been referred to by Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati in his magnum opus 'Satyarth Prakash'. Therein Swamiji states that people of Europe were called as Vanaras (monkeys) ,due to their appearance in our epic like Mahabharta, Valmiki Ramayana etc. If we a analyse this statement in present context, then how we are going to define various statements like kangaroos (Australian team) meet men in blue (Indian team) at Calcutta.
Similar sort of epithets were used during World war to describe armies of different countries or else we see that we have helicopters named cheetah etc. As these words(epithets) are just a way to describe different set of people, arms etc, Similarly words like Rakshas, Vanaras etc were used in our legends. These facts clearly indicate that legends of Ramayana are not work of fiction and were very popular around the world .

14) RAMAYANA IN AFRICAN CONTINENT:
People of Ethiopia call themselves as descendents of Cushites. This word Cush is basically phonectic misnomer of Kush, the son of Rama. This fact is verily established by Satpath Brahamans, commentary on Vedas. These Brahamans while explaining various mantras of Vedas use many histrorical events to elucidate the topic.
Astonishingly in Satpath Brahaman we find reference regarding the rule of King Bharata (predecessor of Kaurav and Pandavas) in Rhodesia .
Besides many inconsistent legends inspired by epic of Ramayana are prevalent in African Communities and they basically refer to various activities of vanars.
Egypt basically derives its name from Ajpati which is one of the name of forefather of Rama. If we analyse various legends prevalent in Egypt there we will find references of Dasratha (father of Rama). These facts can be very well established from various historical references of Brahamans.

15) RAMAYANA IN NORTH AMERICAN AND SOUTH AMERICAN CONTINENTS:

Before Columbus discovered North American continent European people were not knowing about it. However A DE QNATREFAGES in his book, THE HUMAN SPECIES, categorically says that Chinese people were aware about the American continent and they used to have trade relations with them.America was referred as Fad-Sang. Similarly among Japanese people it was known as Fad-See. Similarly, if we refer to various historical reference in Mahabharata, Valmiki Ramayana etc we will find that American continent has been referred as Patal Desh (Patal means below foot). If we see geographically, we will find that American continent is just below the Indian Subcontinent.

Hereunder are some prevalent legends.

a)A beautiful girl in Mexican tribal area till today is called as Ulupy. If we see in Mahabharata we find reference of Arjuna marrying a girl named Ulupy who was daughter of King of Patal Desh.
b) W H Prescott in his book , ' History of conquest of Mexico', provides various reference which prove that earlier civilization of American subcontinent have major similarities with that of Indian(Aryan) civilization.
However here we are providing you one reference which clearly state that Ramayana is not mythological epic but it bears historical testimony. According to writer of the book there is popular legend in Aztec community which state that a beautiful person named Quevtsal Katal came there from East and taught them various aspects of advanced civilization and as a result his period was treated as golden era. He then went back to his original homeland because of persecution by some divine creature. This legend surprisingly does not throw light on the reasons why he returned.
Another interesting fact that has been stated by Prescott is that this legend is available in documented form. Now, none except Indian tradition can claim that they bear root to this legend. The same story has been narrated in Valmiki Ramayana. In Uttarkand where it is mentioned that Salkantak Rakshas who dwelled in Lanka were persecuted by Vishnu. Due to this persecution they left Lanka and went to Patal Desh. The leader of this group was Sumali. According to Ramayana they lived in Patal Desh for long time. When they found condition congenial, they returned to their homeland.
It is for readers to decide when such conclusive proof are there to establish that epic of Ramayana is not mythological legend but it is historical evidence which bears testimony to various legends prevalent around the world. Till today play named Ramasitotav is played in various communities of Mexico.

To our amazement Rama has been mentioned in Bible, new testament, Mathew ch 2/18, where it is mentioned " his voice(s) was heard in RAMA". Rama is proper noun there, now it is for Biblical Society to define who was Rama and why he has been mentioned in Bible.
Even the name of Dasratha and Ayodhya are there in Bible.

Now we would pose some tickling questions to the historians:
1) Why month of fasting among muslims is called Ramadhan ?
2) Why place in Gaza strip is called Ramallaha ?
3) Why place in London is named as Ramsgate ?
4) Why capital of Italy is known as Rome (misnomer of Rama)

Advent of Islam and Christianity had inflicted unparalleled havoc on our historical data and buildings. They destroyed all the libraries/monuments of historical importance which did not endorse their ideology and beliefs. Still we have a lot with us and we can recreate correct chronological data of world history. It is widely accepted that the King Alexander invaded India. It really sounds ironical that we are accepting this theory without any historical evidence. On the other hand we go on to deny the existence of Rama despite various historical evidences to prove that he was not a myth but a historical Mahanayak.

Those who question existence of Rama, let them first justify weather their forefathers ever existed by using the same yardstick which they are using to deny existence of Rama.

ON-SLAUGHTS ON RAMA & OUR IDOLS BY VESTED INTERESTS

(a) History has been written in distorted manner and misleading facts were incorporated in our school texts e.g. Shaheed Bhagat Singh was described as a terrorist and Guru Tegh Bahadur as a looter, Hindu Gods have also been presented in ignonimous way and such aspects had been taken up by Shri D.N.Batra who had filed case(s) against the NCERT etc. for such wrong depiction and the matter regarding beef-eating by the Aryans is still pending in the court. One Shri D.N.Jha, a leftist historian wrote a book “Myth of the holy Cow” only to prove that our scriptures particularly Vedas,Mahabharata and Valmiki Ramayan also endorsed Beef-eating and wished to establish that the Hindus are hypocrites who worship cow whereas their scriptures approve of this practise. Such inferences were drawn due to misinterpretation of our texts and this point also deserves our earnest attention. As a protest against this book a petition-online is available on the website
petitiononline.com/vedas/petition.html where more than 3000 persons all over the world had registered their protest and condemned Mr. Jha for this denigrating work.

(b) Our historians and the present Government regard RAMA & KRISHNA as myths as if they were imaginary characters and a part of fiction. It is the most objectionable act and so needs proper awakening among the masses to remove such misgivings. It may be pertinent to mention here that Swami Dayanand Saraswati in his outstanding work Satyarthprakash has given Genealogy of the Aryan Emperors of Aryavarta who ruled in Indraprastha ( Now called Delhi ) from the emperor Yudhishthira down to that of the emperor Yasapala. The total number of the rulers is about 124, the period covered by their rule 4157 years, 9 months and 14 days. The entire details could be seen in Chapter XI of this remarkable book. Perhaps our historians do not care to take note of such facts because their education continues to be cast in Mackauley’s mould and this impresses on the need to effect a change in our educational system to prepare devoted, virtuous and upright patriotic
countrymen who should respect their roots and follow the ideals of our ancient sages. Each one of us should make a note of this fact that Mackauley’s main assignment was to prepare a blue print to rob us of our culture, language and beliefs and to glorify the Western religion i.e. Christianity and their language i.e. English and he achieved success in his mission so as to leave us in present state when our fundamentals have become fiction.
(c) The BA Honors Second Year History syllabus of Delhi University contains an essay ‘300 Ramayans’ which attempts to show that as per various versions of Ramayans, Hanuman was a henchman monkey, Lakshman and Hanuman had illicit relations with Sita, Ravan had incestuous relation with Sita and other derogatory remarks on our greatest role models.

(d) An animated movie “Sita Sings the Blues” by Nina Paley has been released freely on internet and other sources. The film shows our goddesses in nude or semi-nude fashion, makes crude jokes on our role models, and claims that Ram doubted that Sita was bearing Ravan’s child in her womb. It shows Ram kicking off Sita every now and then. Our artists also take pleasure in depicting Hindu Gods and Godesses in nude through their paintings and cartoons and the name of M.F.Hussain is widely known all over the world and he is also facing a court case for his derogatory work.

(e) The BA Programme syllabus of Delhi University claimed that Vedas called women curse and equivalent to crow. It taught our children how Aryans looted and raped as they came into India, thereby laying seeds of women discrimination. (After the publishers, authors and university were threatened of dire consequences and moving up to High Court, the publisher withdrew the said book from market, the authors apologized and the university completely changed its syllabus.)

(f) There are trends to depict RAMA & the holy symbol OM on products like shoes/sandals and even Ganesha’s configuration has been used on computer-mouse, telephone and a person wearing a T-shirt with Ganesha symbol holding alcohal bottle in hand. (website www.hindujagruti.org )

AN AWAKENING CALL TO ONE & ALL

Having taken an account of RAMA’s prevalence in the entire fabric of Indian society,it hehoves all of us to ponder if we are the worthy followers of Shri RAMA. There is chaos in the society and corruption is rampant in every walk of life, there are persons with criminal background in Political parties and the
Crime is at its height, people lack tolerance and the moral values are lacking all around us. This is an impact of the Mackauley’s mould of Education and our national leaders hardly did anything to undo the damage and we do not have anything like Swabhiman (Self-respect) to have one link language of the country, Sanskrit the medium of our heritage is completely ignored, the country is divided in regions and the people carry out their cores on caste-basis. All parties are vote-hungry and ready to compromise with all ethics to gain power.Illegal immigrants are accommodated to score personal victories and the country is exposed to unwanted load on its resources. The patriotic fervour with which our freedom fighters fought for independence is completely missing and we have no UNITY of purpose and SELFISHNESS prevails all over. Our nation is facing serious problems by way of continuing conversions to Islam and Christianity due to allurements, material
attractions, Our attitude to persons with lower castes should change because all are the amritasya putras , We are surrounded by neighbours posing a threat to our security and another manace is the terrorism and terrorist attacks by Vested interests and in these circumstances, SELF-INTROSPECTION is called for by each one of us and particularly by our intellectuals to put our house in order. A Vedic invocation is pertinent to be quoted here:
sam gachadhvam sam vadadhvam sam vo manansi janatam deva bhagam yatha purve samjanana upasate (RgVeda X.191.2)

"May you move together, speak together in one voice; let your minds be of one accord; and like the ancient sages, may you enjoy your assigned share of fortune".

It is ironic that Gandhi’s

It is ironic that Gandhi’s own “confession and suggestion” put him on the witness stand under oath to expose his “experiments with the truth.”Who can say how much I must give and how much omit in the interests of truth? And what would be the value in a court of law of the inadequate ex parte evidence being tendered by me of certain events in my life? If some busybody were to cross-examine me on the chapters already written, he would probably shed more light on them, and if it were a hostile critic’s cross-examination, he might even flatter himself for having shown up “the hollowness of many of my pretensions.” - Mahatma Gandhi An Autobiography Gandhi’s biographies, autobiographies and other writings about him are laced with false information, imaginary stories, inconsistencies and contradictions. It is a pity that for almost a century none of the authors, not even academicians, ever bothered to check the veracity of various accounts in Gandhi’s autobiography. It is only in 2004 when G. B. Singh pulled the mask off Mahatma to expose the real Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948) to the world in Gandhi: Behind the Mask of Divinity. Now G. B. Singh has joined hands with Tim Watson to put the apostle of peace, a modern Hindu Avatar, on the witness stand by publishing Gandhi: Under Cross Examination [Sovereign Star Publishing, Inc., 2008 Gandhi, his biographers, and Gandhiites of various shades and colors are in full agreement that the humiliating racial incidents that Gandhi experienced in the month of June 1893, after arriving in South Africa, while traveling from Durban to Pretoria transformed him from a typical attorney of mundane variety to a fighter against racial discrimination. We are told that this transformation in Gandhi made him the “soul of Congress Party,” the foremost leader of India’s struggle for independence through non-violence, a champion of untouchables, the apostle of peace, and a modern Hindu Avatar embodying the “trinity” of Vishnu, Jesus, and Buddha (A photo circulated in the early 1920s placed messianic Gandhi higher to Krishna, Buddha, Jesus, Tolstoy, Lenin and Prof. McSweenie). But it is difficult to comprehend that Gandhi, a man fond of and adept in writing letters to newspapers and government officials, did not write about these incidents to newspapers or complain to government officials in South Africa, India, and England. Moreover, it is strange that Gandhi does not mention these incidents in his own newspaper and diary. These incidents that are considered as a turning point in Gandhi’s life came to light for the first time sixteen years later in his first biography, M. K. Gandhi: An Indian Patriot in South Africa (1909). This book was authored by Reverend J. J. Doke. Doke’s account is inconsistent with the subsequent three contradictory versions given by Gandhi himself in Satyagraha in South Africa, An Autobiography and The story of My Experiments with the Truth, and the interview he gave to Reverend Mott in 1938. Of the four times that Gandhi mentioned these incidents, there is no question that the account as enumerated in his autobiography had far-reaching impact on readers and commentators. It is an inescapable fact that some apologists and scholars have used Gandhi’s autobiography to twist the narrative somewhat to provide more credence and validity to the racial sufferings of Gandhi in South Africa.The contradictions in the life and experiences of Gandhi, a sensitive man with acute race and caste consciousness, educated in Law in England, who regarded himself as an “English gentleman,” a man of distinction and status in India and whose father was the Dewan of the Raja of Porbandar, raised red flags in the minds of G.B. Singh and Tim Watson. One would expect that details of these humiliating racial incidents would be etched in the memory of a person like Gandhi, like diamond point markings on stainless steel. But that was not the case. Gandhi kept changing the story as he went along! After many years of painstaking research and on examining a plethora of well-known, not so well-known, and unknown documents pertaining to Gandhi, with solid evidences in their hands, the authors have argued forcefully and logically with great precision to expose the fraud which the “experimenter with truth,” his apologists, and the “Gandhi propaganda machine” have perpetrated over the last one hundred years relentlessly. These racial incidents are fictitious episodes contrived by Gandhi and Reverend Doke to make Gandhi a living martyr using the “politics of victimization” argument. Later, other fellow preachers and myth promoters used Reverend Doke’s account to create a “new Christ” in the person of M. K. Gandhi. According to Bishop James K. Mathews’s dissertation at Columbia University the idea of making Gandhi into a living martyr was put into his head by Reverenced Doke (1861-1913), a Baptist minister in Johannesburg, South Africa, during a conversation between the two in 1908: He was really “tricked” into allowing this to be done. Mr. Doke came to the office in about 1908, asking Gandhi if he were ready to be a martyr. The ready reply was, “I am nothing. I am willing to die at any time or to do anything for the cause.” The “martyrdom” consisted in allowing the biography to be written, for the minister felt that it would help the cause of the Indians for their leader to be known in England. Was Gandhi a member or a close associate of the Freemasonry? This book addresses that question, and it is quite likely Gandhi had benefited from such a relationship. Interestingly the current website hosted by “Grand Lodge of India” lists the names of prominent Indians of the 20th century like Motilal Nehru, Rajendra Prasad, S. Radhakrishnan and C. Rajagopalachari as noteworthy members of Freemasonry.In addition to the contradictions and inconsistencies in the four accounts given by Gandhi relating to the humiliating experience and brutal beating he suffered in June 1893 while traveling from Durban to Pretoria, there are other evidences and arguments that refute the validity of the alleged incidents such as:a. Within days after his arrival in South Africa, Gandhi started writing letters to South African newspapers regarding racial incidents experienced by Indians, but there is no evidence that he wrote any letter about his racial humiliation and beatings. He wrote two letters in September and October 1893 to the Natal Advertiser about racial discrimination faced by Indians, but he made no mention of any incident related to him.b. Gandhi went back to India on June 5, 1896, and there is not a single shred of evidence that he had commiserated with anyone over the racial incidents he experienced. He stayed in India for six months and traveled extensively in his home state of Gujarat and traveled to Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, Poona and so forth telling Indians the terrible things to which Indians were subjected in South Africa, but nowhere did he talk about his own experiences. He even authored a booklet of about 33 pages called “The Grievances of British Indians in South Africa: An Appeal to the Indian Public” and fails to mention what happened to him in June 1893.c. Gandhi’s very close disciple, Henry S. L. Polak (1882-1959) who was well aware of Doke’s biography of Gandhi authored two booklets, The Indians of South Africa and M. K. Gandhi; both published in 1909 and 1910. Similarly, a close fiend of Gandhi, Dr. P. J. Mehta (1858-1932) who was a recipient of Doke’s biography also published M. K. Gandhi and the South African Indian Problem in 1912. But the three books by Gandhi’s very close friends do not mention the June 1983 racial incidents.d. A movie, Mahatma – Life of Gandhi, released by the government of India and The Gandhi National Memorial on October 2, 1968, celebrating Gandhi’s birth centenary failed to depict the racial incidents of 1893 which are claimed to be a pivotal turning point in his life, in spite of the detailed description of his life shown in that movie.e. In his book, The Birth and Development of National Railways (1951), Edward D. Campbell, who was the Station Master at the Pietermaritzburg station in 1893, has recorded a sensational incident that took place in June 1893 at the Pietermaritzburg station dealing with an engine and its operator. He makes no mention of the ill treatment of Gandhi at the Pietermaritzburg station in June 1893.f. After Gandhi’s assassination in 1948, an article “Gandhiji in South Africa” published by South African attorney F. E. T. Krause who met Gandhi in 1893 in Pretoria throws startling light on Gandhi’s life style, but makes no mention the racial incidences experienced by Gandhi in in1983. F.E. T. Krause’s older brother A. E. J Krause who was at that time Attorney General of Transvaal Republic exempted Gandhi from showing papers and other requirements that were required of the people of color and not only granted him a Certificate of Exemption but also treated Gandhi as a dignitary when they were together. One night the Attorney General invited Gandhi to dinner. The natives [meaning Black Africans] serving the table protested at being called upon to attend an Indian, and it was only after it was explained to them that Gandhi was a great man, just like a native chief, that they were prepared to continue their service. g. Interestingly, the privileged status enjoyed by Gandhi in the iron clad apartheid society is confirmed by Gandhi’s closest white disciple Henry S. L. Polak, who noted that the so-called “coolie lawyer” was a well-known passenger who went about the country on professional or public business travelling generally first-class, often having the whole compartment to himself. I think there is nothing unusual from Gandhi’s point of view about the contradictory and inconsistent narratives pertaining to the fictitious 1893 racial incidents or his “experiments with the truth”. To understand why Gandhi would indulge in self-serving lies one only needs to read Bhagwan Krishna’s sermons to Pandvas in Bhagvad Gita, which Gandhi regarded as the essence of Hinduism. In Bhagvad Gita, Bhagwan Krishna urged the Pandvas to tell lies, cheat, manipulate and do whatever it took to win the battle because victory is all that matters!

INTELLECTUAL APATHY IN

INTELLECTUAL APATHY IN POLITICS ECHOS BACK.
Politics is the conduct if public affairs for providing advantage. Politics is the refuge of scoundrel. The politicians are worse than a thief is. You cannot adopt politics as a profession and remain honest. There are no morals in politics, there is only expedience. A scoundrel may be of any use in politics but not the intellectuals. Politicians are the set of men who have interests aside from the interest of the people and as the mass always be away from honesty. The intellectuals of the society are keeping away themselves to serve the nation. All these allegations are made on the politics, politicians and the political set-up of the Country. This is no answer to the problem. It is not possible to away from politics. The culture and social values cannot survive without political interference. Keeping out of politics, the thereby impliedly allowing to perpetuate the corruption by the opportunist dishonest and the issues like a mass of lies, evasions, folly, hatred between fellow citizens and thereby the people in politics with low calibre are gaining through the labour of honest benevolent innocent citizen and ultimately ruining the prosperity of the nation. Let those who have taken shelter in politics as a refuge to scoundrel may be replaced by intellectuals, efficient and impartial citizens of the society only then the nation may survive the question is to protect and serve for the betterment of next generation by the society and therefore the participation of the intellectuals is more essential to save the next generation otherwise the future generation will not exempt them from making the imputation of committing a crime of apathy towards the society.
They are wrong who don’t want to swim even if being dropped inside the ocean as such something has to be done with a positive particular end. This is a way of life. And urge may lead to big surge. This is a challenge to social citizen who is born to maintain mutual love between fellow citizens for better public life. Therefore to run away from participating in politics by the individual who has risen up in life is virtually a sin which is more heinous than a crime of those intellectuals who are capable to do something for the rectification of prevailing maladies and even then they are not participating in the esteem of our political set-up. They are impliedly perpetuating to enshrine the corruption. They are incompetent citizens taking participation in politics and providing limited choice between cobra and snake, and virtually committing a crime towards the social values better disciplined and social, economical and spiritual life of citizen with more prosperity with corruption. The intellectuals having apathy towards political corruption and by this allowing the opportunist incompetent dishonest leader to generate the corruption. The strong public opinion and individual contribution towards society can only provide the check over prevailing maladies to parliamentarian democratic set-up who is ruining the prosperity of the nation, defying mandate of the citizen and creating problem for a better public life and as such the problem of the present set-up of our Country is to be score down first only them the solution may be far sighted by the individual having wisdom to search for a better system in our present political set-up of the Country.
The picture of disharmony in the epic of progress has never imperilled the fundamental of duty and obedience which is the basis of social discipline. A disaster, chaos, confusion and penetration of the hatred between section of citizen, murdering the fellow being in brutal manner, destroying their property and even looting them just for satisfying their carnal desire have emerged into society. Political parties motivated with vested interest dance the usurp power through any means fair our foul, even at the cost of national interest. We are now slave of destructive elements and foreign ambitions. The human being is said to be in a state of psychological retardation with the result that they act in nefarious activity with impurity. The impact of working of our political system after 61 years are. Anarchic conditions prevailing, divisive forces on spate; Religious fundamentalism; Regionalism; Inflation; Corruption; Devaluation of Rupee; Life Intolerable; Illiteracy reign; unenforceable National Duties and obligationsOur society is a composition of a selfish ideology, static tolerance and cowardice character which have become the governing factors for party politics. There is pernicious influence of caste system which becomes domination is power structure. There is personality clashes, fractional infights and caste conflicts. Today party base politics has adopted this parading phenomena’s and its traditional hierarchy has given an anti democratic set-up with excessive obsession.
Literacy reigns with a complete absence of enlightened opinion which develops persistent tendency to subordinate National interest to personal interest. Political parties motivated with vested interest dance to usurp power through any means fair or foul even at the cost of national interest. Party system has pushed to advance its own schemes upon the ruin of the rest. Those are some, who are wedded to root out corruption from public life, of course, their looks very sound in the interest of the country but its implementation is not easy in the light that most those who are entrusted with such pious job to eliminate corruption, are themselves corrupt. We are now slaves of destructive elements and foreign ambitions. The human being is said to be in a state of psychological retardation with the result that they act in nefarious activity with impurity. Actually fear of lose of power makes the individual corrupt, not the power as such. The robbers have Government got generally use to plunder the poor person and protect those rich person who assist them in nefarious and criminal activities. However the robbers have risks nothing and we their activities on deception. The present set up has opened a channel of evils which has certainly increased the steam of mal-administration.
The main reason for this cancer which is spreading like wild fire is due to steep depression in standard of arbitrariness in its public services which can not be tackled through normal methods of accountability and control. National character is the basic nexus of any set up and in absence of it, the system is simply an anarchy. Such system without education is hypocrisy and nefarious kind of Government because it pre-suppose for personal responsibility that too often is neglected and as such it becomes more authoritative.Democracy is a difficult form of Government. This requires a process evaluation. The period of experiment is long and painful. This leads to conception factionalism and demagogy dragged into system. Whether we should accept all such prevailing maladies as the necessary evil in our characteristics or those are hopes for rectification of our in stakes our potential may prove our energy and character. Reason obeys itself while ignorance submitted whatever is dictated to it. Freedom does not mean abuse or liberty for licence. Emancipation from individual fear is the real condition of knowledge. It is hard to fight for ones desire whatever it wishes to get, it is purchased at the cost of soul. Freedom requires obedience, endeavour, honesty, truthfulness, sacrifice, discipline and character. The heart has its reasons in every individual which reasons do not understand. Therefore a National character is essential.
Democracy is an infinite mass of conflicting minds and conflicting interests…….. which loses collective intellectuals energy in proportion to the perfection of its expansion. It will be always perpetuating towards its natural tendency of choosing a man from the anti-social, sadistic impulses because it is very easy to pass a Carmel through the eye of the needle but it is very difficult to search a devotees person amongst the majority because the majority consists of fools who are not inclined towards the welfare of the society but the collective impulse of the individual trying to maintain certain equilibrium is always perpetuating towards the individual interest for monetary and other materialistic pecuniary gains. Thus the outcome of the parliamentarian democratic set up may be providing restrictions to the cultural tradition of the nation on which the very existence of the country may depend for the welfare of the society. It is a condition where the people with other people are as good as they are and therefore necessarily controlled by he public opinion and conscience of winning the individual contributions for gaining power through any means, fair or foul. The representative never acts honestly rather based their action on the fraudulent and there by diversify their ambition to find out the motive for their success by misleading and even inviting the corrupt sentiments to attend their ends. Thus the parliamentarian democracy is a doomed and remain susceptible to in criticism even from judiciary which is considered the backbone of the democracy. The concept of democracy values through parliamentarian type of representative Government is virtually lying in utopian empire. Since the characters of the representative coming after4 winning the election and that too after providing the individual money to attain the success is always shaking for the perpetual materialistic pecuniary gains instead of having any awakening towards the welfare of the society and thereby obtaining the spiritual enlightenment. The ultimate result has many diversified spirits which may ultimately resultant in sacrificing the interest of the society and in that situation the parliamentarian democracy becomes worse than as anarchy of despotic monarch. In such a situation the reconciliation of the power becomes paramount consideration to achieve the goal of formation of the Government by any means even by having an association with the people having in the process of administration. The only objective in such a situation becomes to get power and all the democratic values remain lying on the surface without being cared for the sentiments of the society and the welfare of the citizens. This process of exploitation of the resources of the country for the individual advantage by giving anther’s loss become more prudent by keeping aside the interest of the nation.
Parliamentarian democracy is always a mean of an end and not the end in itself. Neither the public affairs are taken into consideration nor the public collective wisdom is utilised to strengthen the welfare of the country. The ultimate result may lead to a system which may tend towards a despotic monarchy where the interest of the individual leader is flourishing under the protective umbrella of the nomenclature of the democracy while such set up is more authentic rather benevolent. This is most expensive and nefarious kind of Government which enjoys at the cost of the people and ultimately ruin the society for the selfish interest of our so called representative of the people who has only one ambition which is achieved through exploitation of vital resources of the country at the cost of individual interest of the society. This is a most dangerous situation in the society.
The welfare of the people in the pursuit of advancement of knowledge and for the protection of the interest of the Government can only be achieved through proper education, spiritual enlightenment and better administration. The civilisation of the people requires individual independence, morality and responsibility to watch the interest of the country. Nobody who have an absolute power in the Government and rather the Government followed who endeavour towards the progress and watch over the prosperity of the citizens. An absolute independent monarch like our leader in the society becomes neglectful of his duties and ruinous of the people. The opportunist leaders ruins people as a lion and other carnivorous animals who destroy the healthy and vigorous animals to eat them. So none should be made monarch in the Government in order to upheld the high traditions of democratic values otherwise such representative will unjustly punish the people at large to serve his own purposes. The greatest prompter of the welfare of the people, as a person who is prone to adversary and surpasses in excellence with the most commanding respect and inspiring confidence with popularity which is the only ingredients to select for a leader in the society. The individual with perfect knowledge and justice, ever free from impartiality and inclined to protect the cause of the progress can only qualify for being selected as our leader. To be explicit, the real prosperous and progress is long as the people are righteous in their conduct. The inequities racks and ruin it. Only learned man can teach education and spirituality and therefore this is the virtuous man who may be empowered to run the administration and ultimately become the leader of the masses. The rules and regulations formulated by the learned and virtuous people can only be implemented with unanimous consent of the society as they will always be beneficial to the people and ultimately pertaining towards the advancement of the society.
The society is the composition of the urge of benevolence. It is always endeavour in pursuit to the search of the means of the progress and prosperity otherwise the nation may never progress. Therefore the leader must not only be intellectual and a very learned individual but on the other hand he should be dear to all as the air and life. The leader must have an understanding of being conversant to know the meaning and purpose of acting with impartiality like a impartial judge, a promoter of justice, religion and knowledge like the sun, enemy of darkness, of ignorance, and in justice. The choice is to be more selective in order not to multiply the risk of diversification of conflicting opinions in favour of many individuals acting like the individual monarch under the garb of the representative of the people and thereby having the will of the people. The answer leader only towards the system which may no be having many diversities inviting adversity by the conflict of opinions and thereby providing a curb towards the endeavour in the pursuit of democratic values because the power with a temptation of the individual selfish interest seldom work for the betterment of the masses. Thus the conclusion is inescapable and absolute that there the system is fully coped up with the clashes in ideology and providing a thrust for individual ambition to collect more materialistic pecuniary gains in order to avoid the circumstances of loosing his potential by fear of loss of power, individual is rather more reprehensible and having pernicious influence being exercised towards the welfare of the society instead of it, it is always motivated to save the power through any wicked ambition. This has ultimately resultant into the perpetuation of the rampant corruption which is ascending towards alarming proportion to the peak of the climax and so far this galloping race could not be halted even though every sort of the sensible measurements of enactment of different law and regulations are being witnessed after the dawn of independence. The moral values and ideals for which our independence struggle remain in existence has completely been shattered into the pieces of the high ideals and morality which were required to be maintained for giving respect has completely been forgotten due to political ambitions. Swami Vivekanand had warned, the political system, with we are struggling for in India have been found wanting. One after another, the institution systems and politics connected with political government have been condemned as useless, and Europe is restless, does not know where to turn. The materialistic tyranny is tremendous. The wealth and power of the country are in the hands of few men who do not work but manipulate work of millions of human beings. By this power they can divulge the whole earth with blood. Religion and all things are under their feet. They rule and stand supreme. The western world is governed by a handful of shylocks. All those things that your hear about constitutional Government and parliament are, but jokes. This irony of fate that we have now independence on the basis of original and novel exper4iences made by Mahatma Gandhi, his ideas and philosophy for emancipation of India masses and eradication of prevailing maladies in social reconstruction of society has not been taken into consideration. Mahatma ji exhorted to the people of India that India’s salvation consists in unlearning of what she has learned during the last 50 years of slavery because this western civilisation will ruin India.
Natural expectations of individual citizen to become good as others are not only be sufficient in the parliamentarian democratic set up but on the contrary it is based on other be good as the individual expects. This can never be achieved without constructive and positive sanction of the authority of law. It is only the fear or the moral values, which keeps the individual guided towards the perfection. The law secures equal justice to the individual, if the claim of excellence may also be recognised through some standard. Neither obscurity of the benefit of the country. It is only the suspicion amongst the fellow citizens who keeps public life and their spirit reverence of providing pervade over the public conscience. We are prevented from doing respect for the authority and majesty of the law only then the individual may behave reprobation of general sentiments. The parliamentarian democracy is more or less static and therefore it is as good as dead. It has lost its vitality according to the changed norms of the society the enjoyment of the individual labour acting with honesty has always been utilised by the opportunist dishonest. There is no security of the job, equality of opportunity in the pursuit of advancement and rather it acts like the aggressor to our nation on the policy of divide and rule. There is a need essential for ending of the special privilege because this is the only process which can keep preservation of vital for liberties. Such scientific progress is more vital for consistent rising standards of living of the individual in the society. On the contrary the present democratic set up simply overemphasis on the freedom such right to do whatever one may like and thus the freedom means what other has got to do and ultimately this has now been side tracked and divorced from the essential ingredients of imparting justice. The parliamentarian democratic institution can only survive when the same may stand acting to maintain and to keep care for the preservation of democratic values which may only be kept intact when the ideals are based on ritual purity and conscience. This can only be enforced through strict discipline. The discipline comes only in the institutions which is being governed and regulated by one guardian and not by a team of the guardians otherwise they can lead to spoil the future generation. Similarly in the parliamentarian democracy towards the team of so called guardian of the people who on the theoretical process have been elected to provide the welfare to the individual in the society but the movement they are given the authority, they start behaving like a dictator just to exploit the vital resources of the country. This is a very dangerous situation which we are facing from last 50 years and now there is a need for change to a presidential form of Government where the individual guardian may be having accountability towards the nation. The electoral process which has also been set up in a manner by which only those parliamentarian who are more authentic and always acts against the interest of the nation could have been easily elected in the process. There is no disqualification and although under the Representation of people act, there is a prohibition for exercising under influence but the individual with a criminal background having terror over the society is empowered to contest the election and may become the leader in the society. This stern and iron hand of public opinion because those who are in the power will not like such opposition which will ultimately uproot their own existence. The present democratic set up is regulated by political parties is completely based on deception over the morality and individual excellence and therefore may only lead towards the ruin of the nation instead of providing the survival to the high standard of democratic values in the society. The criminalisation of politics is again designed to act like a pesticide of the root of tree of the nation which is gradually extracting the potential from the different branches and rather all the three wings of the administration perpetual corruption which is spreading like a wild fire in the society.
There can only by a system under the democratic set up which may preserve the democratic values, where the power is under the hand of some individual and that can only be achieved through presidential form of Government. This is the system in which the democratic values may survive to certain extent. The task in not very easy to achieve as the success may come after the defeat of the opportunists anti-social elements and foreign ambitions. The person who has taken the politics as a profession for exploiting over the material resources of the change in the present set up of the political institution otherwise his paradise will lost. The efforts should be proportionate to the threat received from such traitors who are living inside the country. One has to fight in the spirit of individual fighting for emancipation from arbitrary rule, emancipation from compulsory trial, emancipation from the evil mind dragging the individual towards poverty and economic insecurity. Now the enemy has emerged into the society with more impurity because he is from one of us who is very difficult to recognise in the society. The great and commanding movement in the annals of the world in the triumph of the enthusiasm. Have courage to use your own reasons which may provide engligtenmen5 for man’s emancipation from fear of loss of power. Emancipation from error is the condition of real knowledge is the truth is immortal but the error is mortal. Truth can stand by itself. There is no short cut in evaluation. Our wisdom will get through the price of existence which can create a new life on this earth. The failure of the popular Government have always been the failure of public opinion which are misguided by the self constituted masters. There will always remain a safeguarded without being implementation of vigour’s with intensity. The success will depend on public opinion. The individual existence is on not only on state but the future generation is going to be spoiled. Before the tragic end be given to the innocent person by such nefarious activities of our so called guardian, let us stand affirm to fight against the corruption. Power does not corrupt the individual but it is the fear of loss of power which makes the individual who is fighting for the society as this is the only fear of our heart which provide resistance and no indulgence be weed out the prevailing maladies in the present set up of the country and thereby putting constrain over orderly administration of justice. Mind it if the assault given by out so called guardian is only verbal our defence must be likewise verbal but if the sword be drawn against our existence we must with intelligence using tongue and hands in the spirit of non-violence and the occasion will be protected by the public opinion providing the inner strength by success. Hue who fights in peoples cause will never stop fight in until that cause is won otherwise god knows we also hate fighting. We have to fight against two forces which are the worst enemies of civil freedom, the first and foremost is the absolute monarchy and other is the drastic revolution. The evolution is something different than revolution. The individual conscience and persistent insistment for advancement in the pursuit of the progress will ultimately provide the survival to the making and provide a check over the prevailing maladies which are now creating hurdles and obstacles in the survival of the humanity and the civilisation of the nation.
We are still like a cavemen with our backs turn to light watching the shadow of the wall. The politicians have imposed mindless socialism which held in thrall the peoples endeavour and enterprise resulting in transfer of potential from the honest benevolent to the dishonest opportunist. We are now slave of destructive elements and foreign ambitions. Politicians acts in nefarious designs with impunity. Political parties motivated with vested interests are dancing to usurp power through any means, fair or foul even at the cost of sacrificing the Nation’s existence to personal interest. Party systems has pushed to advance its own schemes upon the ruin of the rest. Our politicians are Mafia dons next to the invaders. Robbers have generally plundered the rich who are seldom subjected to legislation always plunder the common citizens and protect those Mafia dons under the phraseology of “law making sovereign power” having the connotation “procedure establish under law to be cherished instead of due process”. There is always an excuse for tyranny and mal-administration which has degenerated the national character. The power given need a safeguard from such arbitrary power and unfair exercise. In present set up freedom has become an abuse and liberty as licence. Therefore the moral damage is more terrible. An oppressive system is more to be feared than a Tiger.

IN an iDIA democracy the

IN an iDIA democracy the government is of the people, for the people and by the people, so said President Abraham Lincoln of the United States of America. He lived by what he said. He freed the black slaves and was assassinated for his democratic views. Shall we pledge our lives for a real democratic system of government wherein common man is cared for and law breakers, goons and their political protectors punished? If we live by our pledge, we will be voting for those prospective law makers and potential ministers who place Nation Above All. If our country’s honour, safety and welfare come first always and everytime, we would achieve an El Dorado in our life time. Indeed it spells denial of the self and administering the country according to the law of the land.

What is Rule of Law? The maxim says : Howsoever high you may ever be, the LAW is above you. No one is above law. In other words the principle of Equality before Law has to be put into practice always and everytime. A political party or a government, be it at the centre or in the States, that observes double standards fails to govern as per rule of law. In such cases, law of the jungle takes over the administration automatically and the high standards of impartial governance envisaged in a democratic system is thrown to the winds. It has been happening in our country time and again. Politicians of all shades and hues have been doing so with impunity. The judges of the apex court who make an endeavour to bring in rule of law are superseded and shown the door. What can a common man do?

The biggest weapon that the common man has in his armoury, his or her Brahmastra, is his constitutional right to VOTE whenever an election is held. Here is a golden opportunity to elect men and women who are honest, who preserve and protect not only the constitution but also the culture of the country nursed by our Rishis and Mahatmas for many a millennium. Herein come the townsmen, the gownsmen, male and female, urban and rural folks, the swave and the rustic and they can move mountain to bring in a government that will make Bharat a shining country that our motherland once was. The rural folks and the non-graduates are politically wise people. In the past too they used the VOTE judiciously and threw out of power the high and the mighty who put self before the nation. The time to take a decisive action has come now. The sagacious voter should not miss this golden opportunity to show the door to the corrupt politicians who generate a vote bank of
selfish people and lead the nation up the garden path. Those who have amassed Black Money and deposited them in the Swiss banks must not be allowed by sagacious voters to cross the portals of Parliament. It is because of such money launderers that an average Indian is not able to eat even one square meal a day. As a matter of fact, politicians who travel to Switzerland every now and then must be placed under a scanner and their black money be brought back to Bharat through a due process of law. That money should be used for upliftment and education of our poor brothers and sisters. That will really amount to casting our precious vote for Bharat – Bharat that lives in villages and starves. Even a glass of clean water is not available to our village folk whereas corrupt politicians drink gallons of foreign wine funded by common man through taxes.

HOW TO VOTE FOR BHARAT

Reputation of a man or a woman travels before him or her and overtakes the person at the next bend in the road. Lives of politicians are not hidden from public view. Crimes committed by criminals-turned-politicians are known to all and sundry. Police or the investigating agencies may give criminals a clean chit but their victims will never do so. Their misdeeds are like writing on the wall, just read it and act as per your conscience. For God’s sake, eliminate such men and women who indulged in nefarious activities from your list of prospective law makers. Never ever vote for them. Is it possible to thus punish a hardened criminal without losing life or limb, a weakheart may ask. Here is a true story from Nagpur to give us courage to face criminals and terrorists who now may masquerade as a potential law maker. A bad character who not only harassed women of the locality but also raped them off and on was given a clean chit by the corrupt police.
Women victims decided to take direct action against the rapist. One day they collected their kitchen utensils that could be used as weapons and waylaid the rapist. The women victims beat the rapist to death. None came forward to give evidence to the police or the court. Thereafter, rape of innocent housewives in that locality became history. Moralists may debate the legality of women’s action but the women now lead a normal life ,free from fear. Unity is strength- SANGHE SHAKTI.

Is it possible to vote for or against a candidate unitedly? If the voters of the constituency have a commonality of purpose and have their aim clear, they will vote accordingly. Some black sheep may be there but they may be segregated so that they do not infest the whole flock. Our media, both print and electronics, sometimes suffer from legacies of the past. It had become fashionable to show pictures or footage of only Burqa clad women queuing up before a polling booth. This legacy of Nehruvian era is gradually fading away. It was indeed refreshing to see on the front pages of important national English dailies bright women with bindies on their foreheads sporting an ear to ear grin giving a rural touch to polls in Andhra Pradesh. Well. A common man knows who all have the good of the country at heart and who all look to foreign lands for political guidance. An active propaganda against anti-national elements should be launched by you and me at our
level. Let us remember that mouth to mouth publicity is the strongest and can beat both the print and the electronic media. Just try.

A doubting Thomas may question the credentials of a man of religion dabbling in the process of voting. Let us understand clearly that Voting is our constitutional right. Let us not forget that it is our Dharma to ensure that our motherland is governed well so that Bharat takes a seat in the comity of nations with pride. It is our dharma to ensure that criminals, terrorists, foreigners and non-Bhartiyas do not misgovern our motherland and make us beggars in the political run. Bharat is our country and we as Bhartiyas must ensure the honour,safety and welfare of our dear Bharat always and everytime. Let us vote for BHARAT and say loud and clear:
BHARAT MATA KI JAI.

In a strong criticism of

In a strong criticism of Uttar Pradesh government, the Allahabad High Court has said "rampant corruption" was defeating the purpose of centrally-sponsored schemes meant for betterment of rural people.

The remarks were made by Justice Sabhajeet Yadav while hearing a writ petition filed by a junior engineer working for the Panchayati Raj department, who along with four others had faced action in connection with alleged irregularities in the implementation of Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar Yojna in Mau district, resulting in a loss of over Rs one crore to the government exchequer.

Observing that the alleged scam was prima facie "one of the examples of malpractices and rampant corruption in public life", the court said "the beneficial scheme launched by the central government..has been defeated by the machinery of the state government".

"The huge money and fund provided by the central government for the poorer sections of the society residing in villages appear to be caught and swallowed by the machinery employed for its execution and implementation", the court said in the order dated November 10

In a major setback to the UPA

In a major setback to the UPA Government's efforts to push its minority agenda, a division bench of the Allahabad High Court on Thursday upheld its last year's judgment terming as "unconstitutional" the granting of minority status to Aligarh Muslim University and 50 per cent reservation for Muslims.
The division bench refused to grant permission to file an appeal in the Supreme Court against its judgment.
The order was passed by a bench comprising Chief Justice AN Ray and Justice Ashok Bhushan on petitions filed by the Union Government and AMU challenging the October 4, 2005 verdict of Justice Arun Tandon.
The court further ruled that to provide 50 per cent reservation in admissions to post-graduate medical courses in AMU is also unconstitutional. The bench, therefore, has also struck down the amendment to this effect made by AMU for reservation for Muslim students.
The bench struck down Section l and Section 5 (2) (c) of the Aligarh Muslim University Amendment Act, 1981, by which the status of a minority institution was accorded to AMU. The court said it "is ultra virus to the Constitution".
It observed that the Supreme Court in the Ajeez Basha case in 1968 had already taken the view that AMU was not a minority institution and enactment of a law by Parliament could not overrule the judgment.
The division bench refused to grant permission to AMU to file a special leave petition against the judgment before the Supreme Court, saying they "do not find any reason for the same".
It ruled that admissions for the session of 2006-2007 "will be free to all." The judges maintained, "Admission in AMU for 2006-'07 session are about to commence and in our opinion aspirants seeking admission to post-graduate courses for the coming sessions should be on free basis as it was being done earlier."
The court, however, modified Justice Arun Tandon's judgment and held that those students who have already taken admission in post-graduate courses under the quota system will not be disturbed.
Both the judges' dictated separate orders in the open court, but both were in full agreement over the operative parts/conclusion of the judgment.
Justice Tandon had ruled in October 2005 that the notification issued by Union Human Resource Development Ministry permitting AMU to reserve seats for Muslims in post-graduate medical courses and the 50 per cent quota approved by the AMU Academic Council in post-graduate medical courses were "illegal".
After the court had refused to stay Justice Tandon's judgment, the Union Government had moved the division bench, challenging the single judge order.
In New Delhi, undeterred by the Allahabad High Court's stinging rebuke, Union Human Resource Development Minister Arjun Singh said Thursday's judgment has not come as a "setback" to the UPA Government.
"No decision can be a setback. It's the court's right and it has given its decision. We will decide what should be done," Mr. Singh told newspersons. "Let's examine the judgment and then decide what is to be done," he added.

The first case in which

The first case in which Hinduism was considered by the Constitution Bench of the Apex Court is the judgment reported in AIR 1966 SC 1119, Sastri Yagnapunushadji v. Muldas Bhudardas Vaishya, relevant part of which is being quoted below:-
"Who are Hindus and what are the broad features of Hindu religion, that must be the first part of our enquiry in dealing with the present controversy between the parties. The historical and etymological genesis of the word 'Hindu' has given rise to a controversy amongst indologists; but the view generally accepted by scholars appears to be that the word "Hindu" is derived from the river Sindhu otherwise known as Indus which flows from the Punjab. "That part of the great Aryan race", says Monier Williams, "which immigrated from Central Asia, through the mountain passes into India, settled first in the districts near the river Sindhu (now called the Indus). The persian pronounced this word Hindu and named heir Aryan brethren Hindus. This Greeks, who probably gained their first ideas of India from the Persians, dropped the hard aspirate, and called the Hindus 'Indoi' ("Hinduism" by Monier Will Hams. P.1)
The Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, Vol VI, has described 'Hinduism' as the title applied to that form of religion which prevails among the vast majority of the present population of the Indian Empire (p.686). As Dr. Radhakrishnan has observed, "The Hindu civilization is so called, since its original founders earliest followers occupied the territory drained by the Sindhu the (the Indus )river system corresponding to the North West Frontier Province and the Punjab. This is recorded in the Rig which give their name to this period Indian history. The people on the Indian side of the Sindhu were called Hindu by the Persian and the later western invadors." (The Hindu view of Life" by Dr. Radhakrishnan. P.12). That is the genesis of the word "Hindu".
When we think of the Hindu religion, we find it difficult, if not impossible to define Hindu religion or even adequately describe it. Unlike other religion in the world, the Hindu religion does not claim any one prophet; it does not worship any one God; it does not subscribe to any one dogma; it does not believe in any one philosophic concept; it does not follow any one set of religious rites or performances; in fact, it does not appear to satisfy the narrow traditional feature of any religion or creed. It may broadly be described as a way of life and nothing more.
............The term 'Hindu', according to Dr. Radhakrishnan, had originally a territorial and not a credal significance. It implied residence in a well-defined geographical area. Aboriginal tribes, savage and half-civilized people, the cultured Dravidians and the Vedic Aryans were all Hindus as they were the sons of the same mother. The Hindu thinkers reckoned with the striking fact that the men and women dwelling in India belonged to different communities, worshipped different gods, and practised different rites (Kurma Purana) (Ibid p.12)
Monier Williams has observed that "it must be borne in mind that Hinduism is far more than a mere form of theism vesting on Brahmanism. It presents for our investigation a complex congeries of creeds and doctrines which in its gradual accumulation may be compared to the gathering together of the mighty volume of the Ganges, swollen by a continual influx of tributary rivers and rivulets, spearding itself over an every-increasing area of country and finally resolving itself into an intricate Delta of tortuous steams and jungly marshes...The Hindu religion is reflection of the composite character of the Hindus, who are not people but many. It is based on the idea of universal receptivity. It has ever aimed to accommodating itself circumstances, and has carried on the process of adaptation through more than three thousand years. It has first borne with and then, so to speak, swallowed, digested, and assimilated something from all creed". (Religious Thought & Life in India" by Monier Williams, P. 57).
We have already indicated that the usual tests which can be aplied in relation to any recognised religion or religious creed in the wordld turn out to be inadequate in dealing with the problem of Hindu religion. Normally, any recognised religion or religious creed subscribes to body of set philosophic concepts and theological beliefs. Does this test aply to the Hindu religion? In answering this question, we would base ourselves mainly on the exposition of the problem by Dr. Radhakrishnan in his work on Indian Philosophy . ("Indian Philosophy" by Dr. Radhakrishnan. Vol. I, pp.22-23). Unlike other countries, India can claim that philosphy in ancient India was not an auxiliary to any other science or art, but always held a prominent position of independence..... "In all the fleeting centuries of history", says Dr. Radhakrishnan, "in all the vicissitudes through which India has passed, a certain marked identity is visible. It has held fast to certain psychological traits which constitute its special heritage and they will be the characteristic marks of the Indian people so Loungsri as they are privileged to have a separate existence". The history of Indian thought emphatically brings out the fact that the development of Hindu religion has alrways been inspired by an endless quest of the mind for truth based on the consciousness that truth has many facts. Truth is one, but wise men describe it differently.(...) The Indian mind has, consistently through the ages, been exercised over the problem of the nature of godhead the problem that faces the spirit at the end of life, and the interrelation between the individual and the universal soul. "If we can abstract from the variety of opinion', says Dr. Radhakrishnan, "and observe the general spirit of Indian though, we shall find that it has a disposition to interpret life and nature in the way of monistic idealism, though this tendency is so plastic, living and manifold that it takes many forms and expresses itself in even mutally hostile teachings."(..)
.....Naturally enough, it was realised by Hindu religion from the very beginning of its career that truth was many-sided and different views contained different aspects of truth which no one could fully express. This knowledge inevitably bred a spirit of tolerance and willingness to understand and appreciate the opponent's point of view. That is how "the several views set forth in India in regard to the vital philosophic concepts are considered to be the branches of the self-same tree. The short cuts and blind alleys are somehow reconciled with the main road of advance to the truth." (..) When we consider this broad sweep of the Hindu philosophic concepts, it would be realised that under Hindu philosophy, there is no cope for ex-communicating any notion or principle as heretical and rejecting it as such.
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The development of Hindu religion and philosphy shows that from time to time saints and religious reformers attempted to remove from the Hindu thought and practices elements of corruption and superstition and that led to the formation of different sects. Buddha started Budhism; Mahavir founded Jainsim; Basava became the founder of Lingayat religion; Dnyaneshwar and Tukaram initiated the Varakari cult; Guru Nanak inspired Sikhism, Dayananda founded Arya Samaj, and Chaitanya began Bhakti cult; and as a result of the teachings of Ramrksohin and Vivekananda, Hindu religion flowered into its most attractive, progressive and dynamic form. If we study the teachings of these saints and religious reformers, we would notice an amount of divergence in their respective views; but underneath that divergence, there is a kind of subtle indescribable unity which keeps them within the sweep of the broad and progressive Hindu religion.
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......It is somewhat remarkable that this broad sweep of Hindu religion has been eloquently described by Toynbee. Says Tonbee; "When we pass from the plane of social practice to the plane of intellectual outlook, Hinduism too comes out well by comparison with the religions and ideologies of the South-West Asian group. In contrast to these Hinduism has the same outlook as the pre-Christian and pre-Muslim religions and philosophies of the Western half of the old world. Like them, Hinduism takes it for granted that there is more than one valid approach to truth and to salvation and that these different approaches are not only compatible with each other..but are not only compatible with Day Experiment in Western Civilisation" by Toynbee, pp. 48-49).
The Constitution-makers were fully conscious of this broad and comprehensive character of Hindu religion; and so, while guaranteeing the fundamental right to freedom of religion, Explanation II to Article 25 has made it clear that in sub-clause (b) of clause (2) the reference to Hindus shall be construed as including a reference to persons professing the Sikh, Jains or Budhist religion, and the reference to Hindu religious institutions shall be construed accordingly."
In order to consider what is the Hinduism, the judgment of the Apex Court reported in AIR 1996 SC 1113, Dr. Ramesh Yeshwant Prabhoo v. Prabhakar Kashinath Kunte and others is very relevant. Paragraphs 38, 39 and 40 of the judgment are being quoted below:-
"38. These Constitution Bench decisions, after a detailed discussion, indicate that no precise meaning can be ascribed to the terms 'Hindu', 'Hindutva' and 'Hinduism'; and no meaning in the abstract can confine it to the narrow limits of religion alone, excluding the content of Indian culture and heritage. It is also indicated that the term 'Hindutva' is related more to the way of life of the people in the sub-continent. It is difficult to appreciate how in the face of these decisions the term 'Hindutva' or 'Hinduism' per se, in the abstract, can be assumed to mean and be equated with narrow fundamentalist Hindu religious bigotry, or to be construed to fall within the prohibition in sub-section 3 and/or (3A)of S. 123 of the R.P. Act.
39. Bharucha, J. in Dr. M. Ismali Faruqui v. Union of India, (1994) 6 SCC 360: (1994 AIR SCW 4897), (Ayodya case), in the separate opinion for himself and Ahmadi, J. (as he then was), observed as under:
".......Hinduism is a tolerant faith. It is that tolerance that has enabled Islam, Christianity, Zoroastriansim, Judaism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism to find shelter and support upon this land...."
(at page 442) (of SCC): (at p. 4971, para 159 of AIR)
40. Ordinarily, the Hindutva is understood as a way of life or a state of mind and it is not to be equated with, or understood as religious Hindu fundamentalism. In "Indian Muslims - The Need For A Positive Outlook" by Maulana Wahiduddin Khan, (1994), it is said:
"The strategy worked out to solve the minorities problem was, although differently worded, that of Hindutva or Indianisation. This strategy, briefly stated, aims at developing a uniform culture by obliterating the differences between all the cultures co-existing in the country. This was felt to be the way of coomunal harmony and national unity. It was though that this would put an end once and for all to the minorities problem".
(at page 19)
The above opinion indicate that the word 'Hindutva' is used and understood as a synonym of 'Indianisation',e.e. Development of uniform culture by obliterating the differences between all the cultures co-existing in the country."
A judgment reported in 1993 ALL.L.J., 1379, Smt. Indumatee Koorichh v. The Family Court, Lucknow and another of the learned Single Judge of this Court has also 'Hindu' religion. Relevant party of Paragraph 27 of the judgment is being reproduced below:-
"27......expression 'Hindu' under the acts has been taken to mean and include in itself every person man or woman or child who is not a Muslim, Christian, Parsi or Jew and also such person, who being Muslim, Christian, Parsis or Jew when, he gets himself converted into the Hindu way of life either as a Vaishnavait, Shivait, Buddhist, Sikh or the like cults of Hindu faith and religion. Those religions, as have got their origination in foreign land or lands other than mother India, the great Hindustan, and, as such, their followers are not included in phrase Hindu. Thus considered in wider horizon or sense of connotation a person born in India or Hindustan or whose parents have taken birth in India or Hindustan the land surrounded by Himalayan range on the north and Sindhu the Sea known as Indu sarovar in the south and having faith and allegiance with this land and its culture may be called a Hindu irrespective of difference of approach towards one truth and one goal."
This definition of Hindu has further been defined by a Constitution Bench judgment of the Apex Court reported in AIR 1971, 1737, D.A. V. College, Jullundur etc. v. The State of Punjab and others. Paragraphs 12, 13 and 16 of the said judgment are being reproduced below:-
"12. For the purposes of Art. 29(1) even though it may not be necessary to enquire whether all the Hindus of Punjab as also the Arya Smajis speak Hindi as a spoken language, nonetheless there can be no doubt that the script of the Arya Samajis is ditinct from that of Sikhs who form the majoirty. It is claimed that while the Sikhs have Gurumukhi as their script the Arya Samajis have their own script which is the Devnagri script. Their Claim to be a religious minority with distinct script of their own seems to us to be justified as would appear from the following:
13. The Arya Samaj is a reofrmist movement, believes in one God and in the Vedas as the books of true knowledge. It holds that it is the duty of every Arya Samaji to read the Vedas and have them read, to teach or preach them to others. It has a distinct organisation, the membership of which is open to all those who subscribe to its aims and objects. The Arya Samajis worship before the vedic fire and it begins with the burning of incence (the homa 'sacrifice') accompanied by the chanting of Vedic verses.
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16. The passage read above show beyond doubt that the Arya Samaj by "rejecting the manifold absurdities found in Smriti and in tradition and in seeking a basis in the early literature for a purer and more rational faith" can be considered to be a religious minority, at any rate as part of the Hindu religious minority in the State of Punjab.
In this regard, constitution of Hindu Society and what is Hindu religion has been considered by the Apex Court in Bal Patil v. Union of India case (supra). Paragraphs 26, 27, 28 and 30 of the Judgment are being reproduced below:-
"26.The so-called minority communities like Sikhs and Jians were not treated as national minorities at the time of framing the Constitution. Sikhs and Jains, in fact, have throughout been treated as part of the wider Hindu community which has different sects, sub-sects, faiths, modes of worship and religious philosophies. In various codified customary laws like Hindu Marriage Act, Hindu Succession Act, Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act and other laws of pre and post Constitution period, definition of 'Hindu' included all sects, sub-sects of Hindu religions including Sikhs and Jains.
27. The word 'Hindu' conveys the image of diverse groups of communities living in India. If you search for a person by name Hindu, he is unidentifiable. He can be identified only on the basis of his caste as upper caste Brahmin, Kshatriya or Vaish or of lower caste described in ancient India as Shudras. Those who fall in the Hindu class of 'Shudras' are now included in the Constitution in the category of Scehduled castes with special privileges and treatment for their upliftment. This was found necessary to bring them at par with upper castes in Hindu society. The aboriginals, who have no caste were considered as distinct from four castes or Varnas of Hindu society. They have been treated favourably in the Constitution as Scheduled Tribes. For them also there are provisions for special treatment and grant of special privileges to bring them on level with the other castes from the main advanced streams of Indian society.
28. There is a very serious debate and difference of opinion between religious philosophers and historians as to whether Jains are of Hindu stock and whether their religion is more ancient than the vedic religion of Hindus. Spiritual philosophy of Hindus and Jains in many respect is different but the quintessence of the spiritual thought of both the religions seems to be the same. The influence of Hindu vedic religion is quite apparent in the custom, style of living belief and faith of Jains. Jains do not worship images or idols of Gods but worship their Tirathankars meaning their ideal personalities who have attained human perfection and excellence by a process of self-improvement. The literal meaning of the word 'Jain' is one who has attained 'victory'. It signifies a person who has attained victory over himself by the process of self-purification. 'Jain' is a religious devout who is continuously striving to gain control over his desires, senses and organs to ultimately become master of his ownself.
30. Thus, 'Hinduism' can be called a general religion and common faith of India whereas 'Jainsim' is a sepcial religion formed on the basis of quintessence of Hindu religion. Jainism places greater emphasis on non-violence ('Ahinsa') and compassion ('Karuna'). Their only difference from Hindus is that Jains do not believe in any creator like God but worship only the perfect human-being whom they called 'Tirathankar'. Lord Mahavir was one in the generation of Tirathankars. The Tirathankars are embodiments to perfect human-beings who have achieved human excellence at mental and physical levels. In philosophical sense, Jainism is a reformist movement amongst Hindus like Brahamsamajis. Arasamajis and Lingayats. The three main principles of Jainsim are Ahinsa, Anekantvad and Aparigrah. (See:-1) Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethcis, Vol. 7 pg.465;2) History of Jains by A.K.Roy, pgs. 5 to 23: and Vinoba Sahitya, Vol.7 pg. 27 to 284)."
It is settled now that Hinduism is not a religion but is a way of life and combination of different religions and represents a culture and is a combination of various religions founded and developed by the different saints, philosophers propounded by different philosophy relating to worship, thoughts, ways of worship of the Almighty/God. The details have already been discussed above. In fact Hindusim represents all thoughts, beliefs and way of worship borne in India.
Considering the various judgments of the Apex Court and High Court, Hinduism represents Indian culture and not a religion, which includes Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism, Arya Samaj, Kabir Panth, Radha Swamy, Dhan Nirankar and Lingayats etc., the philosophy and thoughts and belief in which Lord, Ram, Lord Krishna, Shaivismwere considered God and a number of other Religions founded by a number of Saints, Acharyas or Panths and several other Philosophers. Each and every tribal, castes, sub-castes have their own God or Goddess, different way of life, different beliefs and thoughts and most of them have different way of worship, all Tribals have different religion with different God and Goddess.
Bhaktimarg, Philosophy of Rama Krishna Panth and Vivekanand Karmayog, Shaivists, thoughts of Gita and several Religions founded by Philosphers and Thinkers such as OSO by Acharya Rajnish, ISCON, who believes in Lord Krishna only. The propounders in the Gyan Yog founded by Saints, philosophers and religious thoughts, Kabirpanthis, and thousands of such thoughts, way of worship and Beliefs.
Basic concept of Hinduism is that way of reaching to the eternal truth and to the Almighty is manifold and has given freedom to all the members of the society to reach to the Almighty through their own way as thoughts, belief the way of worship may be different. Such freedom in the field of religion on Indian soil is derived from thousands of philosophies, Thoughts and different ways of worship, traditions and belief from time to time throughout the history of India. Combination of such religion, thought, belief or way to reach to the eternal truth is Hinduism. Hinduism cannot be equated as religion but it represents a civilization & culture and way of life born and brought up on Indian soil and as such the arguments of Sri N.A. Khan that Muslims minority may be considered 50% to the largest religious community, i.e., Hindu is totally unsustainable in law. Every religion, thought, belief way of worship born and broughtup on Indian soil is altogether different/distinct from each other within the fold of Indian culture which assimilate in Hindu culture. In view of the discussions made above that more than several hundred religions within the fold of Hindu culture constitute a separate and distinct religion and each religion group is a religious minority in India. Thus, all religious groups within the Hindu culture are religious minority in comparison to single muslim religious majority of having population of 18.50% in State of U.P. and 13.80% in all India basis.
It is surprising that Union of India by Notification dated 23.10.1993 recognized Sikhism, Jainism and Buddhism as minorities and did not consider any other religion like Bahabi, Sufism, Aryasamaj, Kabirpanthi, Aghorpath and other religions born and broughtup in India as minorities, though the Apex Court in the case of Arya Samaj has considered as Arya Samajis as a religious minority group in the State of Punjab. The State of U.P. and Union of India by issuing the notification under the National Minority Act, 1992, have not applied mind as to any other Religious group at all. In fact, Buddhism and Jainism are also part of the Indian culture. They were born and developed as a reformative religion in Indian society. The Apex Court in Bal Patil and another V. Union of India and others (supra) referred above considered question of minority and laid down law.
As stated (supra) that neither Union of India nor State of Uttar Pradesh or Minority Commission of India or State Minority Commission brought any material to show that what are the norms for declaring any community as religious minority community, this Court on consideration of proceedings of Constituent Assembly and judgments of the Apex Court considered the question of religious minority and its various aspects, particularly, when Sri S.M.A. Qazmi, learned Advocate General, State of Uttar Pradesh did not give any assistance to the Court, though being Advocate General of the State of U.P. he was expected to render assistance to the Court, but he only chose to depute Sri B.N. Yadav and Sri Jai Krishna Tiwari, learned Standing Counsel, for assistance of the Court, though hearing of the case continued for about three months.
Thus the Constituent Assembly while framing Articles 29 and 30 of the Constitution of India was to provide equality of minority and majority and not to give any privilege based on inequality.
Constituent Assembly provided protection to Religious Minority Communities to ensure equality with rest of the society which was felt necessary by the framers of Constitution of India taking into consideration the circumstances prevailing at that time.
In Ahmedabad St. Xaviers' College Society Vs. State of Gujarat, (1974) 1 SCC 717, in paragraph 9', the Apex Court has held that:
"9. Every section of the public, the majority as well as minority has rights in respect of religion as contemplated in Articles 25 and 26 and rights in respect of language, script, culture as contemplated in Article 29. The whole object of conferring the right on minorities under Article 30 is to ensure that there will be equality between the majority and the minority. If the minorities do not have such special protection they will be denied equality."
Thus, the Constituent Assembly introduced Articles 29 and 30 of the Constitution of India to provide such rights to minority to maintain equal right to them with majority and not to create any privilege or inequality.
In (2005) 6 SCC 537, P.A. Inamdar and others Vs. State of Maharashtra and others, (Seven Judges Bench), the Supreme Court of India in Paragraph 95, has defined and considered the question of minority and held linguistic and religious minority being a non-dominant group or numerically less. Paragraph 95 of P.A. Inamdar case (Supra) is quoted as follows:
"Minority" and "minority educations institutions"
"95. The term "minority" is not defined in the Constitution. Chief Justice Kirpal, speaking for the majority in T.M.A.Pai Foundation Vs. State of Karnataka, (2002) 8 SCC 481 took a clue from the provisions of the States Reorganisation Act and held that in view of India having been divided into different linguistic States, carved out on the basis of the language of the majority of persons of that region, it is the State, and not the whole of India, that shall have to be taken as the unit for determining a linguistic minority vis-a-vis Article 30. Inasmuch as Article 30(1) places on par religions and languages, he held that the minority status, whether by reference to language or by reference to religion, shall have to be determined by treating the State as a unit. The principle would remain the same whether it is a Central legislation or a State legislation dealing with a linguistic or religious minority, Khare, J. (as His Lordship then was), Quadri, J. and Variava and Bhan, JJ. In their separate concurring opinions agreed with Kirpal, C.J. According to Khare, J., take the population of any State as a unit, find out its demography and calculate if the persons speaking a particular language or following a particular religion are less than 50% of the population, then give them the status of linguistic or religious minority. The population of the entire country is irrelevant for the purpose of determining such status. Quadri, J. opined that the word "minority" literally means "a non-dominant" group. Ruma Pal, J. defined the word "minority" to mean "numerically less". However, she refused to take the State as a unit for the purpose of determining minority status as, in her opinion, the question of minority status must be determined with reference to the country as a whole. She assigned reasons for the purpose. Needless to say, her opinion is a lone voice. Thus, with the dictum of Pai Foundation, it cannot be doubted that a minority, whether linguistic or religious, is determinable only by a reference to the demography of a State and not by taking into consideration the population of the country as a whole."
This Court after considering all the materials in its entirety is of the view that so far as the linguistic minority is concerned, 50% of the total population may be considered for recognising any group as religious minority as after re-organisation of the States on linguistic basis, the States may be considered for determining the linguistic minority, but so far as religious minority is concerned, India is a secular State and the States were not formed on the basis of religion, therefore, the question further arises to be considered how population of 50% of the religious minority or minority may be considered.
In view of the discussions made above, as this Court has already described two kinds of religions (i) born on foreign land and brought in India by foreigners, i.e., Islam, Christianity, Zoroastrian, Parsees, Yahudis and (ii) born and broughtup in India, i.e., Buddhism, Jainsim, Arya Samaj, Radha Swamy and several hundred other religious groups having different God and Goddess with different thoughts, beliefs and way of life and different way of worship discussed in the preceding Paragraphs of judgment (supra) and any of such religions do not individually constitute a religious majority group, but in fact reduced to minority. Only Muslim Religious Community with 18.50% population in 2001 in State of Uttar Pradesh constitutes single religious majority community. In 2001, Muslim Religious Community having population of 3,07,40,198 is only single largest religious group in the State of Uttar Pradesh which constitute majority religious group. There is no other single religious community in Uttar Pradesh having such population, strength and dominance. As has been discussed above that Hindu culture and civilisation consists of several hundred religions and the Hindu Society is divided in caste, creed and several ethnic groups and as such each and every religious group forming Hinduism constitutes a minority religious group in comparison to Muslims. It appears that the relevant part of report of Advisory Committee on Minority (of Constituent Assembly) fixing percentage of the population of religious minority groups on the basis of population & strength was not brought to the notice of Apex Court, which fixed above 1-1/2% necessarily not more than 2%. Even if considering the religious population, the Indian society within the fold of Hindu culture consists of several hundreds of religious groups, castes, sub-castes and several ethnic groups having different beliefs, different thoughts, different way of worship and different way of life are individually less than 50% and, thus, these religious groups also constitute minority in comparison to Muslim Religious community. Some religious communities believe Sri Ram as God, Lord Sri Krishna as God, Shiva as God, Durga and Kali as Goddess, Pustimarg, Adwaitwad philosophy of Shankaracharya, Sufism, Bahabi, Arya Samaj, Brahma Samaj, Rama Krishna Paramhans, Radha Swami and several other religions discussed above (supra) following different thoughts, beliefs and way of worship and considering their population and strength they also constitute religious minority and are entitled to be recognised as religious minority groups and protection under Articles 29 and 30 of the Constitution of India.
All religions other than Muslims mentioned above (supra) in vogue in State of Uttar Pradesh constitute religious minority group and as such the argument of learned counsel for the petitioners that all other religious groups should be taken into account together and religious minority could be considered in the context of entire Hindu Culture and Civilisation while considering the Muslim religious minority is not acceptable, as has been held by the Apex Court in Bal Patil's case (supra) that Hindu Society is divided in different castes, sub-castes and different ethnic groups.
This Court is of the firm view that Muslim Religious Community now are not entitled to get any protection under Article 29 and 30 of the Constitution of India as a religious minority community in Uttar Pradesh. The recent judgment reported in (2007) 2, SCC 1, I.R. Colho (dead) by Lrs Vs. State of T.N of Nine Hon'ble Judges Bench of the Apex Court has laid down that power exercised by the Constituent Assembly was a constituent power given by the people of India. This Court after taking into consideration proceedings of Constitutional Assembly as well as the report of Advisory Committee on Minority is further of the firm view that the notification dated 23.10.1993 under the National Commission of Minority Act, 1992 issued by the Union of India declaring Muslim as minority is liable to be amended as Muslim Religious community is the only single largest Religious majority group in comparison to other religious groups and is not entitle to get any protection under Articles 29 and 30 of the Constitution of India.
A Constitution Bench judgment of the Apex Court in Islamic Academy of Education and another v. State of Karnataka following T.M.A. Pai Foundation case (supra) has discussed the law relating to minority in Paragraphs 107 and 118 of the judgment, same are being reproduced below:-
"107. The question, thus, has to be considered keeping in view the fact that every Indian may be a minority, either based on religion or language, in one part of the country of the other. The right of a citizen as a minority in one part of the country cannot be higher than his right as a member of majority in another part of the country.
118.......If a measure tends to perpetuate inequality and makes the goal of equality a mirage, such measure should not receive the approval of the Court. The Court, in such circumstances, has to mould the relief by indicating what would be the reasonable measure or action which furthers the object of achieving equality. The concept of equality is not a doctrinaire approach. It is a binding thread which runs through the entire constitutional text. An affirmative action may, therefore, be constitutionally valid by reason of Articles 15(4) and 16(4) and various directive principles of State policy, but the Court cannot ignore the constitutional morality which embraces in itself the doctrine of equality. It would be constitutionally immoral to perpetuate inequality among majority people of the country in the guise of protecting the constitutional rights of minorities and constitutional rights of the backward and downtrodden. All the rights of these groups are part of the right to social development which cannot render national interest and public interest subservient to right of an individual or right of a community."
Further, Paragraphs 42, 48 and 54 of a judgment of the Apex Court in I.R. Ceolho (Dead) by Lrs. v. State of Tamil Nadu, (2007) 2 SCC, p.1, also supports my view that in order to get basic foundation of a doctrine, the Court may go to the root and get the intention of Constitution makers from the debates of the Constituent Assembly as Constituent Assembly was given constituent power by the people of India. This Court has already discussed judgments on minority as well as debates of Constituent Assembly.
Paragraphs 42, 48 and 54 of a judgment of the Apex Court in I.R. Ceolho (Dead) by Lrs. v. State of Tamil Nadu (supra) are being reproduced below:-
"42. The Constitution is a living document. The constitutional provisions have to be construed having regard to the march of time and the development of law.
48. There is a difference between parliamentary and constitutional sovereignty. Our Constitution is framed by a Constituent Assembly which was not Parliament. It is in the exercise of law-making power by the Constituent Assembly that we have a controlled Constitution. Articles 14, 19, 21 represent the foundational values which form the basis of the rule of law.
54. The distinction is drawn by the author between the making of a Constitution by a Constituent Assembly which was not subject to restraints by any external authority as a plenary law-making power and a power to amend the Constitution, a derivative power derived from the Constitution and subject to the limitations imposed by the Constitution. No provision of the Constitution framed in exercise of plenary law-making power can be ultra vires because there is no touchstone outside the Constitution by which the validity of provision of the Constitution can be adjudged...."
In T.M.A. Pai Foundation case (supra), it has been settled by the Apex Court that that Articles 14, 19 and 21 of the Constitution of India stands for equality and rule of law and are part of basic structure of the Constitution and cannot be abrogated. It was further held that Article 21 is the heart of the Constitution of India. Articles 15, 21 read with Articles 14 and 19 of the Constitution of India if allowed to be abrogated would completely change basic structure of the Constitution of India.
Thus, on the discussion made above, the Court's conclusions are as follows:
1. Protection under Articles 29 and 30 of the Constitution of India was not a privilege, but was a protection to the Religious minority communities to attain equality with other religious groups of India.
2. Protection under Articles 29 and 30 of the Constitution of India was given to such minorities categorised in three categories by the Constituent Assembly on the basis of population & strength which were non-dominant groups in India at the time of partition of India, i.e., (i) having 1/2 per cent population and strength, (ii) having population and strength less than 1-1/2% and (iii) having population and strength above 1-1/2%. That will be the basis of to determine minority.
3. The Muslims religious communities in India in 2001 constituted 13.80 percent of the total population of India and 18.50 percent of total population in the State of Uttar Pradesh and is now a dominant group dominating all other religious groups in Uttar Pradesh in all walk of life including the constitutional democratic process.
4. The Muslims religious community has throughout been a well-organized and strongly knitted community and not a weak religious community. It was never regarded as weaker section or underprivileged section of the society. Considering the religious population in India as well as in the State of Uttar Pradesh, Muslims are only majority religious community in comparison with other religious communities in India and other religious communities are in minority in comparison to the Muslims.
5. 'Hinduism' did not represent a religion and represents culture or civilization of India. The combination of such religious groups including Sikh, Jain, Buddhist, Sufis, each and every tribal having separate God and Goddess and Hindu Society divided on caste, creed and other religions mentioned in the preceding paragraphs of the judgment (supra) which cannot be considered one religious group according to the definition of the religion decided by the Apex Court and as such the Muslims religious community constitute only single largest religious majority in Uttar Pradesh. The Constitution never intended to create a religious group based on theocracy in the name of religion but its intention was to give protection to the religions, population of which were about one and half percent or slightly above at the time of partition and to equate them with other members of the society.
In view of the discussions made above, the Court holds that as follows:-
(a) Muslims have now ceased to be religious minorities in India and in any case in State of Uttar Pradesh on the basis of their population & strength.
(b) Muslims also constitute an important part of the citizenry of India and has a important role to play in developing India as a strong nation. It is necessary that all citizens must be assimilated as citizenry of India who are also liable to perform their duties towards the nation and society at large as contemplated under Article 51-A of the Constitution of India.
(c) As the Muslim Community are part and parcel of the society and part of Indian citizenry, the Madarsas established by them are entitled to have equal treatment in comparison to other Schools/institutions established by other citizens of India.
To develop good temperament, humanism and sense of equality to preserve rich heritage and India's composite culture and to develop patriotism in the citizenry of India, it is a necessity that all Schools/Institutions including Madarsas are liable to teach fundamental duties and Moral Education (not religious) to their students who are future citizens of the country to make India a strong and developed in the World. Union of India and State of Uttar Pradesh are directed to take necessary steps accordingly to make education of fundamental duties and Moral Education as compulsory subjects in all the Schols and Institutions established by all religious communities including Madarsas so that the citizenry of India and younger generation may be developed according to the dream of the Constituent Assembly which gave us Constitution of India. This Court is further of the view that in order to develop India as a strong, developed and powerful nation, the fundamental duties under Article 51-A of the Constitution of India may be made enforceable. The U.P. Board of High School and Intermediate Education has made fundamental duties one of the compulsory teaching subjects from the Session 2007-2008. Constitution of India which is a living document adopted by the people of India for social, economic, political justice and for secularism and for democracy. Each and every citizen of India has liberty of thought, belief, faith, worship and equality of status and as such the petitioners or the opposite parties no. 4 to 6 or any member of the Indian society have got a right to perform the religious rites but are not entitled to get any privilege under Articles 29 and 30 of the Constitution of India. Every citizen of India is also liable to perform certain duties as enshrined under Article 51-A of the Constitution of India, the same is being quoted below:-
"51-A. Fundamental duties.- It shall be the duty of every citizen of India-
(a) to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;
(b) to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;
(c) to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
(d) to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
(e) to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst al the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
(f) to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;
(g) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures;
(h) to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
(i) to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
(j) to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement;
(k) who is a parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child or, as the case may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years."
In the writ petition, allegations and counter allegations have been made about the entitlement of the petitioners for getting grant-in-aid for their Madarsa. The counter allegations in the counter affidavits are that the petitioners have already embezzled huge amount of the scholarship in the garb of Muslim minority Institution and the matter is pending before the courts. The allegations of petitioners as to the opposite parties no. 4 to 6 in the various affidavits are that it is not for the benefit of entire Muslim society but it is for the benefit of particular families who founded this Institution for the benefit of their own families where all the posts were held and occupied by the petitioners' family members. In view of the allegation and counter allegations made in the writ petition, it is urged by the parties that this is the normal situation in some of the Madarsas.
Paragraphs 9 and 10 of the Supplementary Affidavit dated 1.2.2007 filed by Zulfikar Ahmad, Manager, Anjuman Madarsa Noorul Islam Dehra Kalan, Ghazipur, are also very relevant in the matter of granting recognition to Madarsas founded by Muslim religious community by the State of Uttar Pradesh, same are being reproduced below:-

"9. That to the utter surprise the respondent in collusion particularly the Secretary Sri Chandra Prakash by taking illegal gratification of Rs.5 lacs has taken certain more institutions on grant including Madarsa Khanam Zan of Varanasi and Madarsa Ahle Sunnat Ateequia Gonda.
10.That same demand is being done in respect of Petitioners institution as well and demand of Rs. 8 lacs is being done in respect of other newly prepared 100 institutions vide G.O. Dated...whereas the consideration of Madrsa recognised in year 1996 is being harass that its case was refused on basis of delay vide order .......The copies of order cancelling the Madrsa taken on grant amongst 67 and allotment of fresh Madarsa at its place vide order dated 13.12.06 are also being annexed as.....to this affidavit along with copy of order of this High Court...."
It has been stated in Paragraphs 9 and 10 of the supplementary affidavit of Zulfikar Ahmad that the recognition was granted to Madarsa after receiving illegal gratification of 5 lakhs for the grant-in-aid and a demand of 8 lakhs was made from petitioners also. The State has prepared a list of 100 more institutions and Madarsa to recognise for grant-in-aid. In view of the serious nature of allegations made in the Supplementary Affidavit of Zulfikar Ahmad, this Court considers it appropriate that an enquiry may be institute in the matter of recogntion of Madrasas for Grant-in-Aid. This Court directs the Chief Secretary of Uttar Pradesh to institute an enquiry by an Officer not below rank of Principal Secretary of Government of U.P. in the matter in which grant-in-aid was given to Madarasas from the year 2003 up to now. The State fund is created by contribution from all citizens belonging to all the religions of the country. Since India is a secular country, State fund should be utilised for secular purposes. Such funds could be given to all the Institutions including Madarsas.
In the end this Court is of the opinion that Muslims have accepted India as their own Mother Land as citizens at the time of partition and contributed a lot in almost in all the fields in development of India and also a dominant force in politics and other fields, not on the basis of any religious group, but as citizens of India. They are also bound to perform all such duties towards the country under Article 51-A of the Constitution of India like other citizens of India for their more effective role in making India a very strong and great nation forming part of citizenry of India.
In such a situation and in view of the law laid down by the Apex Court, proceedings of Constituent Assembly and others relevant materials discussed above, this Court is of the firm view that the Muslims whose population was 18.5% per cent in the year 2001 constitutes the only religious majority group in comparison to other religious group in State of U.P. and they have already ceased to be a religious minority group and they are entitled to get equal treatment as the other non-minority religious groups are being treated. This Court after considering each and every material and law has come to the conclusion that in view of the discussions made above now Muslims have ceased to be a religious minority and they are entitled to be treated like other citizens of India. All protections given under Articles 29 and 30 of the Constitution of India are not available to them.
For the reasons detailed above, this Court passed the operative part of the judgmenton 5.4.2007 which runs as follows:-
"Since I have been scheduled to sit at Lucknow Bench of this Court from 9th April, 2007, I consider it appropriate to pronounce operative part of the judgment of the writ petition. This operative part of the judgment shall be followed by the rest judgment.
For the reasons to be detailed in the body of the judgment of the writ petition, writ petition succeeds and is allowed. The impugned order dated 17.5.2004, passed by the State of Uttar Pradesh recognising Opp. Party nos. 4 to 6 on Grant-in-Aid as religious Muslim minority institutions is quashed and it is held that any institution founded by petitioners or Opp. Party nos. 4 to 6 are not entitled to be recognised for Grant-in-Aid as religious minority institutions in the State of Uttar Pradesh after applying twin criteria, i.e., population and strength of a religious community as laid down by the founding fathers of the Constitution of India as is clear from proceedings of Constituent Assembly to determine any religious community as a religious minority. The Court finds that Muslims have ceased to be a religious minority community in the State of Uttar Pradesh on consideration of the materials on record which includes various Census Reports including Census Reports of 1951 and 2001 and, therefore, directs State of Uttar Pradesh to treat any member of Muslim community equal to other non-minority religious communities without discriminating in any respect in accordance with law being an integral part of citizenry of India
(i) A writ in the nature of mandamus is issued commanding State of Uttar Pradesh to consider Applications of petitioners and Opp. Party nos. 4 to 6 or other Applications of other institutions founded by Muslim community for recognition on Grant-in-Aid in the similarly situated manner as other non-minority institutions are being dealt with in accordance with law without any discrimination.
(ii) A writ of mandamus is also issued to Union of India and the State of Uttar Pradesh to take appropriate steps to modify the notification dated 23.10.1993 issued by the Union of India accordingly.
(iii) A writ of mandamus is further issued commanding the Chief Secretary, Uttar Pradesh to initiate an enquiry into the serious allegations of corruption made by petitioners in Paragraphs 9 and 10 of the Supplementary Affidavit dated 1.2.2007 filed by Zulfikar Ahmad, Manager, Anjuman Madarsa Noorul Islam Dehra Kalan, Ghazipur, which runs as follows:-
"9. That to the utter surprise the respondent in collusion particularly the Secretary Sri Chandra Prakash by taking illegal gratification of Rs.5 lacs has taken certain more institutions on grant including Madarsa Khanam Zan of Varanasi and Madarsa Ahle Sunnat Ateequia Gonda.
10. That same demand is being done in respect of Petitioners institution as well and demand of Rs. 8 lacs is being done in respect of other newly prepared 100 institutions vide G.O. Dated...whereas the consideration of Madrsa recognised in year 1996 is being harass that its case was refused on basis of delay vide order .......The copies of order cancelling the Madrsa taken on grant amongst 67 and allotment of fresh Madarsa at its place vide order dated 13.12.06 are also being annexed as.....to this affidavit along with copy of order of this High Court...."


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